Carebara inca

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Carebara inca
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Carebara
Species: C. inca
Binomial name
Carebara inca
Fernández, 2004

Carebara inca casent0624932 p 1 high.jpg

Carebara inca casent0624932 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

The type material is noted as being collected from wet forest litter.


Fernández (2004) - A member of the Carebara escherichi species complex. Species distinguishes by body with relatively few standing hairs and first tergum devoid of standing hairs.

Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Costa Rica, Honduras, Peru (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb





The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • inca. Carebara inca Fernández, 2004a: 225, fig. 11 (w.) PERU.
    • Status as species: Fernández, 2006: 99; Bezděčková, et al. 2015: 115.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Holotype (Paratypes n=2): HW 0.29 (0.29-0.31); HL 0.35 (0.35-0.37); SL 0.21 (0.20); PW 0.19 (0.18-0.19); WL 0.34 (0.29-0.32); GL 0.34 (0.29-0.35); TL 1.63 (1.15-1.27); CI 89 (81-82); SI 68 (67-69).

Diagnosis. Head larger than broad, sides convex and parallel, posterior border nearly straight. Mandibles with four teeth. Median portion of clypeus longitudinally bicarinate, the carinae diverging anteriorly. Frontal carinae short. A longitudinal and narrow stripe, smooth and shining, running from posterior medial margin of clypeus and between frontal lobes for about 40% of scape length. Basal half of scape narrow, then broadening into distal portion. Scapes ending at a distance from vertexal border. Eyes reduced to 2-3 ommatidia. Mandibles with 9 segments, club 2-segmented. The apical antennomere larger than funicular segments. Promesonotum nearly straight, bluntly marginated laterally. Pronotal groove absent, metanotal groove feebly marked laterally. In dorsal view mesosoma with two broad concavities at level of metanotal groove. Propodeum unarmed, dorsum very short sloping down to sloping face. Propodeal lobes narrow, lamellated. Propodeal spiracle circular, relatively larger, the orifice backward, spiracle low and close to posterior margin. Petiole with short peduncle, petiolar spiracle at level of the node. Petiole ventrally with a very tiny angle or teeth anteriorly. Gaster in dorsal view with medial portion concave and lateral angles well-marked. Sting well-developed and functional. Dorsum of head densely sculptured with shallow foveolated punctures whose diameters are greater than the spaces separating them; dorsum of promesonotum with irregular rugulae, most of them anteriorly; basal sloping face of propodeum with transverse rugulae; sides of mesosoma and petiole finely reticulated. Scapes, dorsum of head, promesonotum, petiole, postpetiole, gaster and tibiae with dense short and curved pubescence; long hairs (more or less three times larger than short hairs) few and distributed as follow: four in the clypeal area; two hairs from the anterior clypeal area projecting forward and outward; four in the anterior pronotal border; two posteriorly in the promesonotal dorsum; two in propodeal dorsum, two in the petiole, two in the postpetiole, none on first tergum. Light brown throughout.

Type Material

Holotype worker. PERU. Madre de Dios: Cocha Cashu, 19°90’S 71°36’W, 3500 ft, sep 1999, D.W. Davidson, in litter wet forest, deposited in Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History. Paratypes. 10 workers (same data) deposited in: The Natural History Museum, Humboldt Institute, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Instituto de Zoologia Agricola and Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Fernández F. 2006. A new species of Carebara Westwood (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and taxonomic notes on the genus. Revista Colombiana de Entomología 32: 97-99.
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Longino J. T. 2013. Ants of Honduras. Consulted on 18 Jan 2013.
  • Longino J. T. 2013. Ants of Nicargua. Consulted on 18 Jan 2013.
  • Longino J. T. L., and M. G. Branstetter. 2018. The truncated bell: an enigmatic but pervasive elevational diversity pattern in Middle American ants. Ecography 41: 1-12.
  • Longino J. T., and R. K. Colwell. 2011. Density compensation, species composition, and richness of ants on a neotropical elevational gradient. Ecosphere 2(3): 16pp.
  • Longino J. et al. ADMAC project. Accessed on March 24th 2017 at