Carebara vidua

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Carebara vidua
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Carebara
Species: C. vidua
Binomial name
Carebara vidua
Smith, F., 1858

Carebara vidua casent0010803 profile 1.jpg

Carebara vidua casent0010803 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Subspecies
Synonyms

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Eritrea, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa (type locality), Zimbabwe.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Robertson & Villet (1989) documented independent colony foundation in Carebara vidua.

An average of 1672 ovarioles in the queen ovaries indicates an extreme level of fecundity (Robertson 1995). Queens mate with several males.

Castes

Copulation in Carebara vidua, showing the striking sexual dimorphism. From Mkuze, South Africa. Photo by Christian Peeters

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • dux. Carebara dux Smith, F. 1858b: 179 (q.) SOUTH AFRICA. Subspecies of vidua: Forel, 1913b: 337. Junior synonym of vidua: Mayr, 1866b: 904; Santschi, 1913c: 307.
  • vidua. Carebara vidua Smith, F. 1858b: 179 (m.) SOUTH AFRICA. Mayr, 1866b: 904 (q.); Forel, 1901g: 392 (w.). Senior synonym of colossus, dux: Mayr, 1866b: 904; Santschi, 1913c: 307; of abdominalis: Forel, 1913b: 337; Arnold, 1916: 252; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 884. See also: Arnold, 1916: 249; Robertson & Villet, 1989: 121. Current subspecies: nominal plus fur.
  • colossus. Carebara colossus Gerstäcker, 1859: 263 (q.) MOZAMBIQUE. [Also as new in Gerstäcker, 1862: 512.] Junior synonym of vidua: Mayr, 1866b: 904.
  • abdominalis. Carebara vidua var. abdominalis Santschi, 1912d: 285 (q.) KENYA. Subspecies of vidua: Santschi, 1914b: 84. Junior synonym of vidua: Forel, 1913b: 337; Arnold, 1916: 252; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 884.

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Carebara dux

One queen, may be holotype or a syntype but not proved, in Oxford University Museum of Natural History.

Description

References

  • Arnold, G. 1916. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part II. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 14: 159-270 (page 252, Senior synonym of abdominalis)
  • Arnold, G. 1916. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part II. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 14: 159-270 (page 249, see also)
  • Forel, A. 1901l. Fourmis termitophages, Lestobiose, Atta tardigrada, sous-genres d'Euponera. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 45: 389-398 (page 392, worker described)
  • Forel, A. 1913b. Formicides du Congo Belge récoltés par MM. Bequaert, Luja, etc. Rev. Zool. Afr. (Bruss.) 2: 306-351 (page 337, Senior synonym of abdominalis)
  • Lepage, M. & Darlington JPEC 1984. Observations on the ant Carebara vidua preying on termites in Kenya. J. Natural History 18:293-302
  • Mayr, G. 1866b. Diagnosen neuer und wenig gekannter Formiciden. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 16: 885-908 (page 904, queen described)
  • Mayr, G. 1866b. Diagnosen neuer und wenig gekannter Formiciden. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 16: 885-908 (page 904, Senior synonym of colossus and dux)
  • Santschi, F. 1913c. Glanures de fourmis africaines. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 57: 302-314 (page 307, Senior synonym of colossus and dux)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 179, male described)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922j. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 711-1004 (page 884, Senior synonym of abdominalis)