Cataglyphis fisheri

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Cataglyphis fisheri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Cataglyphis
Species: C. fisheri
Binomial name
Cataglyphis fisheri
Sharaf & Aldawood, 2015

Cataglyphis fisheri casent0906454 p 1 high.jpg

Cataglyphis fisheri casent0906454 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Besides labels noting the ants were collected from desert, nothing is known about the biology of Cataglyphis fisheri.

Identification

Sharaf et al. (2015) - Cataglyphis fisheri is a member of the C. pallida-group as defined by Agosti (1990), which is recorded here for the first time from the Arabian Peninsula. C. fisheri is similar to the Palearctic species Cataglyphis pallida described from Kazakhstan. They differ by the following:

C. fisheri: a) Posterior of head in full-face view straight and with five hairs. b) Head and mesosoma with few pubescence. c) Median cephalic surface in front of ocelli feebly but distinctly longitudinally striated, the striae curving outward to lateral margins in front of eyes. d) Ocelli larger and set closer together. e) OS 0.07, OD 0.07-0.08. f) Scape shorter, SL 0.97-1.25, SI 90-144.

C. pallida: a) Posterior margin of head in full-face view convex and without hairs. b) Head and mesosoma with abundant pale pubescence. c) Cephalic surface unsculptured. d) Ocelli smaller and set apart from each other. e) OS 0.04, OD 0.10. f) Scape longer, SL 1.30, SI 173.

In the key to Arabian species (Collingwood and Agosti 1996), C. fisheri will run to couplet 12 that also includes the much larger Cataglyphis sabulosa. Cataglyphis fisheri can be readily separated by the upright or slightly inclined petiole with a dorsal rounded node, the lower propodeal profile and the absence of body pubescence whereas C. sabulosa has a squaminode petiole with a convex anterior surface and straight posteriorly, a higher propodeal profile and the body covered with white silvery pubescence.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: United Arab Emirates (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • fisheri. Cataglyphis fisheri Sharaf & Aldawood, 2015: 104, figs 1-3 (w.) UNITED ARAB EMIRATES.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Holotype. TL 5.00, F1 0.26, F2 0.15, HL 1.24, HW 1.16, MH 0.20, PH 0.22, SL 1.27, ML 1.80, OS 0.07, OD 0.08, EL 0.28, PW 1.00, PTH 0.50, CI 94, EI 24, FI 173, PI 110, SI 109. Paratype. TL 3.12–5.75, F1 0.17–0.30, F2 0.10–0.17, HL 0.87–1.32, HW 0.72–1.17, MH 0.10–0.17, PH 0.15–0.25, SL 0.97–1.25, ML 1.37–2.00, OS 0.07, OD 0.07-0.08, EL 0.20–0.35, PW 0.55–0.95, PTH 0.22–0.42, CI 77–90, EI 25–34, FI 113–220, PI 125–208, SI 90–144 (11 measured).

Head. Head distinctly longer than broad (CI 83–94), with straight posterior and lateral margins; posterior ocelli located at the level of posterior margin of eyes; scapes when laid back from their insertions surpass posterior margin of head by less than ¼ of its length. Mesosoma. Propodeal dorsum in profile distinctly low, nearly at same level as petiolar node. Petiole. Petiole an upright or slightly inclined scale, with the anterior face meeting the posterior face with a narrowly rounded margin angle. Pilosity. Third maxillary palp with erect hairs not longer than 1.5× maximum diameter of third segment; area behind the lateral clypeal margins with dense white pubescence, anterior clypeal margin with abundant long, curved, hairs; mesosomal dorsum with a few scattered hairs, two pairs each on the mesonotum and propodeum, petiole bare, gaster bare except for a few short hairs on apex, posterior margin of head with single pair of erect hairs. Sculpture. Cephalic dorsum faintly sculptured; median cephalic surface in front of ocelli feebly but distinctly longitudinally striated, striae curving outward to lateral margins in front of eyes; mandibles faintly but distinctly longitudinally striated, mesosoma and petiole faintly sculptured, general appearance dull. Colour. Uniform yellow, mandibular teeth brown.

Type Material

United Arab Emirates, Baynounah, “sandy desert” (Sheiekh Zayed city), 23°38'40"N 53°37'12"E, 8.iii.1995, (C. A. Collingwood leg.), next to Zygophyllum plants, King Saud Museum of Arthropods (King Saud Museum of Arthropods), College of Food and Agriculture Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Paratypes. 1 worker, United Arab Emirates, Rhatam, 11.xi.1993, (C. A. Collingwood leg.), (KSMA); 3 workers, Oman desert, 30.ii.1997, (M. D. Gallagher leg.), (code 8907) (World Museum, Liverpool); 1 worker, Saudi Arabia, Riyadh Province, Raw-dhat She’al, 22.40318°N, 46.59209°E, 596m, 13.iv.2015, PT (Aldhafer et al. leg.) (KSMA); 4 worker, Saudi Arabia, Riyadh Province, Rawdhat She’al, 22.41559°N, 46.58806°E, 602m, 18.x.2015, PT (Aldhafer et al. leg.) (KSMA); 7 worker, Saudi Arabia, Riyadh Province, Rawdhat She’al, 22.4279°N, 46.57547°E, 612m, 18.x.2015, PT (Aldhafer et al. leg.) (KSMA); 2 worker, Saudi Arabia, Riyadh Province, Rawdhat She’al, 22.42496°N, 46.57556°E, 606m, 18.x.2015, PT (Aldhafer et al. leg.) (KSMA).

Etymology

This species is named in honor of Dr. Brian Fisher, Department of Entomology, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Sharaf M. R., C. A. Collingwood, and A. S. Aldawood. 2015. Notes on the ant genus Cataglyphis Foerster, 1850 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in the Arabian Peninsula with description of a new species and a key to species of the C. pallida-group. Zookeys 545: 101-107.