Cataglyphis livida

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Cataglyphis livida
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Cataglyphis
Species: C. livida
Binomial name
Cataglyphis livida
(André, 1881)

Cataglyphis livida casent0905718 p 1 high.jpg

Cataglyphis livida casent0905718 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


Cataglyphis livida is a common species at Rawdhat Khorim, Saudi Arabia. Populations increase in spring and peak in June. This species was found abundantly foraging on Acacia gerrardii Benth (Sharaf et al., 2013). Pashaei Rad et al. (2018) found this species in Iran on the ground and in trees in medium to low rainfall areas.



Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.
Palaearctic Region: Bulgaria, Iran, Israel (type locality), Kuwait, Oman, Turkey.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb This species is widely distributed from Egypt to Afghanistan (Radchenko, 1997) and has been reported from all countries of the Arabian Peninsula (Collingwood, 1985; Tigar and Collingwood, 1993; Collingwood and Agosti, 1996; Tigar and Osborne, 1999; Collingwood et al. 2011) (Sharaf et al., 2013).




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • livida. Myrmecocystus albicans var. lividus André, 1881b: 58 (in text) (w.) ISRAEL.
    • Menozzi, 1933b: 84 (q.m.).
    • Combination in Myrmecocystus (Cataglyphis): Santschi, 1910f: 234;
    • combination in Cataglyphis: Wheeler, W.M. & Mann, 1916: 173.
    • Subspecies of albicans: André, 1882b: 168 (in key); Dalla Torre, 1893: 216; Emery, 1893f: 257; Forel, 1902a: 156; Forel, 1904b: 383; Emery, 1906d: 54; Forel, 1906c: 189; Forel, 1909e: 384; Forel, 1910a: 13; Santschi, 1910f: 234; Forel, 1911f: 280; Forel, 1911h: 458; Karavaiev, 1911: 10; Karavaiev, 1912a: 16; Wheeler, W.M. & Mann, 1916: 173; Stitz, 1917: 348; Santschi, 1921d: 72; Viehmeyer, 1923: 93; Karavaiev, 1924: 305; Emery, 1925b: 262; Menozzi, 1927g: 380; Santschi, 1929b: 40; Santschi, 1929c: 107; Menozzi, 1929e: 128; Stitz, 1932b: 737; Santschi, 1932f: 518; Menozzi, 1933b: 84; Santschi, 1934d: 281; Finzi, 1936: 192; Bernard, 1948: 163; Donisthorpe, 1950e: 1065; Bernard, 1953a: 201; Délye, 1960: 264.
    • Status as species: Arnol'di, 1964: 1810; Pisarski, 1965: 420; Pisarski, 1967: 418; Pisarski, 1970: 324; Aktaç, 1977: 128; Collingwood, 1985: 290; Kugler, J. 1988: 259; Agosti, 1990b: 1494; Arakelian, 1994: 106; Bolton, 1995b: 136; Collingwood & Agosti, 1996: 381; Radchenko, 1997c: 428; Radchenko, 1998: 506 (in key); Mohamed, Zalat, et al. 2001: 45; Paknia, et al. 2008: 154; Vonshak, et al. 2009: 39; Lapeva-Gjonova, et al. 2010: 58; Collingwood, et al. 2011: 458; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 9; Sharaf, Abdel-Dayem, et al. 2013: 570; Borowiec, L. 2014: 57.
    • Senior synonym of bulgarica: Radchenko, 1997c: 428.
    • Senior synonym of lutea: Radchenko, 1997c: 428.
    • Senior synonym of mixtus: Radchenko, 1997c: 428; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 9.
  • bulgarica. Cataglyphis (Cataglyphis) livida bulgarica Atanassov, 1982: 213, fig. 4 (w.q.) BULGARIA.
    • Subspecies of livida: Agosti, 1990b: 1494; Bolton, 1995b: 134.
    • Status as species: Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 293.
    • Junior synonym of livida: Radchenko, 1997c: 428.
  • lutea. Cataglyphis albicans subsp. lutea Weber, 1952c: 25.
    • [First available use of Myrmecocystus albicans subsp. viaticoides var. lutea Emery, 1906d: 53 (w.) IRAN; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name (Agosti, 1990b: 1491).]
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Crawley, 1920b: 177; Emery, 1925b: 263; Santschi, 1929b: 62 (in key).
    • Subspecies of livida: Pisarski, 1965: 420; Pisarski, 1967: 418; Pisarski, 1970: 324; Agosti, 1990b: 1494; Bolton, 1995b: 136.
    • Junior synonym of livida: Radchenko, 1997c: 428.
  • mixtus. Myrmecocystus albicans var. mixtus Forel, 1895d: 229 (w.) TURKEY.
    • Combination in M. (Cataglyphis): Forel, 1911d: 354;
    • combination in Cataglyphis: Emery, 1925b: 263.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1906d: 53; Emery, 1925b: 263; Santschi, 1929b: 62 (in key); Santschi, 1934d: 281.
    • Subspecies of albicans: Forel, 1911d: 354; Agosti, 1990b: 1492; Bolton, 1995b: 136.
    • Junior synonym of livida: Radchenko, 1997c: 428; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 9.

Taxonomic Notes

Borowiec & Salata (2020): A recent genetic study on members of the Cataglyphis albicans group showed that Cataglyphis livida occurs only on coastal part of Israel. While the border zone between Israel and Jordan is occupied by [Cataglyphis arenaria]] (Eyer and Hefetz 2018). Both species are very similar morphologically and probably record from Petra by Wheeler and Mann (1916) concerns rather C. arenarius than C. livida.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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