Cataglyphis nigra

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Cataglyphis nigra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Cataglyphis
Species: C. nigra
Binomial name
Cataglyphis nigra
(André, 1881)

Cataglyphis nigra casent0280330 p 1 high.jpg

Cataglyphis nigra casent0280330 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This species is common at Rawdhat Khorim, Saudi Arabia, with peak abundance in June and decreasing during cooler months. Workers were collected from the following plants: Acacia gerrardii Benth (Fabaceae), Calotropis procera (Aiton) W. T. Aiton (Apocynaceae), Rhazya stricta Decne (Apocynaceae) and Ziziphus nummularia (Burm. f) Wight & Arn. (Rhamnaceae) (Sharaf et al., 2013). Pashaei Rad et al. (2018) found this species in Iran in areas with moderate to very low rainfall.

At a Glance • Polygynous  




Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.
Palaearctic Region: Iran, Israel (type locality), Jordan, Kuwait, Oman.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb This species was originally described from Israel and recorded from Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman and Yemen (Collingwood, 1985; Collingwood and Agosti, 1996), UAE (Collingwood et al. 2011) and Syria (Santschi, 1929b) (Sharaf et al., 2013).




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • nigra. Myrmecocystus viaticus var. niger André, 1881b: 56 (w.) ISRAEL. Forel, 1913d: 434 (q.). Combination in Cataglyphis: Emery, 1925b: 265. Subspecies of viatica: Emery, 1898c: 126; of bicolor: Forel, 1908a: 15; Menozzi, 1927f: 380; Santschi, 1929b: 50. Raised to species: Collingwood, 1985: 290.

Taxonomic Notes

The taxonomic status of the Jordanian populations of Cataglyphis nigra are uncertain due to the complex genetic structure of members of the Cataglyphis bicolor group (Eyer et al. 2017; Borowiec & Salata, 2020).