Cataglyphis nigra

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Cataglyphis nigra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Cataglyphis
Species group: bicolor
Species: C. nigra
Binomial name
Cataglyphis nigra
(André, 1881)

Cataglyphis nigra casent0280330 p 1 high.jpg

Cataglyphis nigra casent0280330 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This species is common at Rawdhat Khorim, Saudi Arabia, with peak abundance in June and decreasing during cooler months. Workers were collected from the following plants: Acacia gerrardii Benth (Fabaceae), Calotropis procera (Aiton) W. T. Aiton (Apocynaceae), Rhazya stricta Decne (Apocynaceae) and Ziziphus nummularia (Burm. f) Wight & Arn. (Rhamnaceae) (Sharaf et al., 2013). Pashaei Rad et al. (2018) found this species in Iran in areas with moderate to very low rainfall.

At a Glance • Polygynous  • Supercolonies  


Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 37.934167° to 13.566667°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.
Palaearctic Region: Iran, Israel (type locality), Jordan, Kuwait, Oman.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

This species was originally described from Israel and recorded from Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman and Yemen (Collingwood, 1985; Collingwood and Agosti, 1996), UAE (Collingwood et al. 2011) and Syria (Santschi, 1929b) (Sharaf et al., 2013).




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • nigra. Myrmecocystus viaticus var. niger André, 1881b: 56 (w.) ISRAEL.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Israel: Jaffa (= Tel Aviv-Yafo) (Abeille de Perrin).
    • Type-depository: MNHN.
    • Forel, 1913d: 434 (q.).
    • Combination in M. (Cataglyphis): Forel, 1913d: 434;
    • combination in Cataglyphis: Emery, 1925b: 265;
    • combination in C. (Cataglyphis): Santschi, 1929b: 50.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1906d: 58; Forel, 1908a: 14; Emery, 1908g: 217; Wheeler, W.M. & Mann, 1916: 173.
    • Subspecies of viatica: André, 1882b: 167 (in key); Emery, 1891b: 16; Dalla Torre, 1893: 219; Emery, 1898c: 126; Forel, 1903c: 267; Forel, 1904b: 382; Forel, 1910a: 13; Forel, 1911h: 458; Forel, 1913d: 434; Tinaut, 1991: 216.
    • Subspecies of bicolor: Forel, 1908a: 15; Emery, 1924a: 9; Emery, 1925b: 265; Menozzi, 1927f: 380; Menozzi, 1927g: 380; Santschi, 1929b: 50; Menozzi, 1929e: 128; Finzi, 1930c: 24; Menozzi, 1933b: 86; Menozzi, 1934: 166; Santschi, 1934d: 282; Finzi, 1936: 193.
    • Status as species: Collingwood, 1985: 290; Kugler, J. 1988: 259; Agosti, 1990b: 1489; Bolton, 1995b: 136; Collingwood & Agosti, 1996: 381; Radchenko, 1997c: 432; Radchenko, 1998: 505 (in key); Mohamed, Zalat, et al. 2001: 45; Paknia, et al. 2008: 154; Vonshak, et al. 2009: 39; Collingwood, et al. 2011: 458; Sharaf, Abdel-Dayem, et al. 2013: 572; Borowiec, L. 2014: 58; Ionescu & Eyer, 2016: 123; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2020: 5; Sharaf, Abdel-Dayem, et al. 2020: 542.
    • Distribution: Egypt, Iran, Israel, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.

Taxonomic Notes

The taxonomic status of the Jordanian populations of Cataglyphis nigra are uncertain due to the complex genetic structure of members of the Cataglyphis bicolor group (Eyer et al. 2017; Borowiec & Salata, 2020).



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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  • Agosti, D. 1990. Review and reclassification of Cataglyphis (Hymentopera: Formicidae) . Journal of Natural History 24:1457-1505.
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  • Emery, C.. "Beiträge zur Kenntniss der palaearktischen Ameisen." Öfversigt af Finska Vetenskaps-Societetens Förhandlingar (Helsinki) 20 (1898): 124-151.
  • Finzi B. 1930. Hymenopteren aus Palästina und Syrien. (Zoologische Studienreise von R. Ebner 1928 mit Unterstützung der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien.) Formicidae. Sitzungsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse. Abteilung I 139:22-24.
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  • Forel, A. 1908. Fourmis de Ceylan et d'Égypte récoltées par le Prof. E. Bugnion. Lasius carniolicus. Fourmis de Kerguelen. Pseudandrie? Strongylognathus testaceus. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 44: 1-22
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  • Kugler J. 1988. The zoogeography of Israel. 9. The zoogeography of social insects of Israel and Sinai. Monographiae biologicae 62: 251-275.
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  • Menozzi C. 1927. Risultati zoologici della Missione inviata dalla R. Società Geografica Italiana per l'esplorazione dell'Oasi di Giarabub (1926-1927). Formicidae (Hymenoptera).. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria. 52: 379-382.
  • Menozzi C. 1929. Formiche del Sinai raccolte dal Dr. F. S. Bodenheimer, con descrizione di una nuova specie di Monomorium del sottogen. Equestrimessor.. Pp. 125-128 in: Bodenheimer, F. S., Theodor, O. Ergebnisse der Sinai-Expedition 1927 der Hebräischen Universität, Jerusalem. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'schum, 142 pp.
  • Menozzi C. 1934. Reperti mirmecofaunistici raccolti dal Prof. L di Caporiacco nelle oasi di Cufra e in altre localita del deserto Libico. Atti della Societa dei Naturalisti e Matematici di Modena (6)13(65): 153-166
  • Mohamed, S., S. Zalat, H. Fadl, S.Gadalla and M. Sharaf. 2001. Taxonomy of ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) collected by pitfall traps from Sinai and Delta region, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Natural History 3:40-61
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  • Orabi G. M., F. M. Semida, M. S. Abdel-Dayem, M. R. Sharaf, and S. M. Zalat. 2011. Diversity patterns of ants along an elevation gradient at St. Catherine Protectorate, South Sinai, Egypt (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zoology in the Middle East 54(1): 101-112.
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  • Paknia O., and M. Pfeiffer. 2011. Hierarchical partitioning of ant diversity: implications for conservation of biogeographical diversity in arid and semi-arid areas. Diversity and Distributions 17: 122-131.
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