Cataglyphis piliscapa

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Cataglyphis piliscapa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Cataglyphis
Species: C. piliscapa
Binomial name
Cataglyphis piliscapa
(Forel, 1901)

Cataglyphis piliscapa casent0911106 p 1 high.jpg

Cataglyphis piliscapa casent0911106 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

At a Glance • Brachypterous Queen  




Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 43.6° to 40.675556°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: France (type locality), Iberian Peninsula, Spain.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.


Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




Queen is brachypterous, i.e. short, non-functional wings are present at adult emergence. This implies that she mates close to her natal colony, and dispersal distance is limited (Peeters & Aron 2017)


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • piliscapa. Myrmecocystus cursor var. piliscapa Forel, 1901h: 66 (in text) (w.) FRANCE.
    • [Misspelled as pilicornis by Santschi, 1932c: 73.]
    • Santschi, 1929b: 36 (m.).
    • Combination in Cataglyphis (Monocombus): Santschi, 1929b: 36.
    • Subspecies of cursor: Emery, 1906d: 47; Santschi, 1929b: 36.
    • Status as species: Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 285 (in key); Agosti, 1990b: 1482; Bolton, 1995b: 136; Espadaler, 1997b: 27; Petrov, 2006: 110 (in key); Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowsky, 2009: 480; Borowiec, L. 2014: 59; Lebas, et al. 2016: 166.
    • Senior synonym of tibialis: Santschi, 1929b: 36; Agosti, 1990b: 1482; Bolton, 1995b: 136; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowsky, 2009: 480.
  • tibialis. Cataglyphis tibialis Bondroit, 1918: 39 (w.) FRANCE.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Santschi, 1932c: 73.
    • Subspecies of cursor: Santschi, 1925g: 355; Emery, 1925b: 263; Ceballos, 1956: 317.
    • Junior synonym of cursor: Bernard, 1967: 281; Collingwood, 1978: 73.
    • Junior synonym of piliscapa: Santschi, 1929b: 36; Agosti, 1990b: 1482; Bolton, 1995b: 137; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowsky, 2009: 480.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Agosti D. 1990. Review and reclassification of Cataglyphis (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 24: 1457-1505.
  • Agosti, D. 1990. Review and reclassification of Cataglyphis (Hymentopera: Formicidae) . Journal of Natural History 24:1457-1505.
  • AntArea. Accessed on February 5th 2014 at
  • Antarea (Personal Communication - Rumsais Blatrix- 27 April 2018)
  • Antarea (at on June 11th 2017)
  • Blatrix R., C. Lebas, C. Galkowski, P. Wegnez, P. Pimenta, and D. Morichon. 2016. Vegetation cover and elevation drive diversity and composition of ant communities (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in a Mediterranean ecosystem. – Myrmecological News 22: 119-127.
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Borowiec L., C. Galkowski, and S. Salata. 2015. What is Tetramorium semilaeve André, 1883? (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). ZooKeys 512:39-62.
  • Casevitz-Weulersse J., and C. Galkowski. 2009. Liste actualisee des Fourmis de France (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 114: 475-510.
  • Galkowski C., and C. Lebas. 2016. Temnothorax conatensis nov. sp., décrite des Pyrenees-Orientales (France) (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Revue de l’Association Roussillonnaise d’Entomologie 25(2): 80-87.
  • Gomez C., D. Casellas, J. Oliveras, and J. M. Bas. 2003. Structure of ground-foraging ant assemblages in relation to land-use change in the northwestern Mediterranean region. Biodiversity and Conservation 12: 2135–2146.
  • Gomez, C., P. Pons and J.M. Bas. 2003. Effects of the Argentine ant Linepithema humile on Seed Dispersal and Seedling Emergence of Rhamnus alaternus. Ecography 26(4):532-538
  • Lebas C., C. Galkowski, P. Wegnez, X. Espadaler, and R. Blatrix. 2015. The exceptional diversity of ants on mount Coronat (Pyrénées-Orientales), and Temnothorax gredosi(Hymenoptera, Formicidae) new to France. R.A.R.E., T. XXIV (1): 24 – 33
  • Sanchez-Gil Jimeno R., and J. L. Reyes-Lopez. 2016. Study of ants species of the Sierra de San Carlos del Valle (Ciudad Real) and updating the provincial check list (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Boln. Asoc. esp. Ent. 40 (1-2): 93-109.
  • Santschi F. 1925. Fourmis d'Espagne et autres espéces paléartiques EOS (Revista española de entomología) 1: 339-360.
  • Santschi, F.. "Étude sur les Cataglyphis." Revue Suisse de Zoologie 36 (1929): 25-70.