Cataglyphis savignyi

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Cataglyphis savignyi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Cataglyphis
Species group: bicolor
Species: C. savignyi
Binomial name
Cataglyphis savignyi
(Dufour, 1862)

Cataglyphis savignyi casent0249847 p 1 high.jpg

Cataglyphis savignyi casent0249847 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels




Lives in extreme arid habitats

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 36.8° to 13.566667°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: United Arab Emirates.
Palaearctic Region: Algeria, Egypt (type locality), Israel, Oman.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




Variations in body size among workers of C. savignyi. From Arad Park, Israel. Photo by Christian Peeters

CataglyphisEconomo-header (  X-ray micro-CT scan 3D model of Cataglyphis savignyi (worker) prepared by the Economo lab at OIST.

See on Sketchfab. See list of 3D images.


CataglyphisEconomo-header (  X-ray micro-CT scan 3D model of Cataglyphis savignyi (queen) prepared by the Economo lab at OIST.

Because of scanning constraints, only the veins of the wings are visible. See on Sketchfab. See list of 3D images.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • savignyi. Formica savignyi Dufour, 1862: 141 (w.m.) EGYPT.
    • Type-material: lectotype male (by designation of Agosti, 1990b: 1490); paralectotype workers, paralectotype males.
    • [Note: original description cites syntype workers, syntype males (numbers not stated, but in total “12 individuals in good condition”); Agosti, 1990b: 1490, cites 2w on 1 pin, and 1m on a separate pin, which are not conspecific.]
    • Type-locality: Egypt: nr the Pyramids (son of L. Dufour).
    • Type-depository: MNHN.
    • [Note: Agosti, 1990b: 1490, cites MNHN as depository, but earlier Santschi, 1929b: 45, said of MNHN “the types [of savignyi] have vanished”.]
    • [Misspelled as savignii by Emery & Forel, 1879: 449. The binomen is erroneously rendered as Savignyi savignyi in El-Hawagry, et al. 2013: 67 (in list).]
    • Combination in Cataglyphis: Roger, 1863b: 12; Emery, 1925b: 265;
    • combination in Myrmecocystus: Emery & Forel, 1879: 449.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Santschi, 1929b: 45; Menozzi, 1932e: 454; Menozzi, 1934: 166; Finzi, 1936: 192; Santschi, 1938a: 44; Finzi, 1940: 165.
    • Junior synonym of viatica: Roger, 1863b: 12; Dours, 1873: 166; Emery & Forel, 1879: 449; Dalla Torre, 1893: 219.
    • Junior synonym of bicolor: Emery, 1925b: 265.
    • Status as species: Billen, 1989: 301; Agosti, 1990b: 1490; Bolton, 1995b: 137; Wehner, et al. 1994: 168; Collingwood & Agosti, 1996: 382; Cagniant, 2006a: 195; Cagniant, 2009: 50; Vonshak, et al. 2009: 39; Collingwood, et al. 2011: 462; Borowiec, L. 2014: 60.
    • Senior synonym of desertorum: Cagniant, 2009: 51.
    • Distribution: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Egypt, Israel, Libya, Mali, Mauretania, Morocco, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.
  • desertorum. Myrmecocystus viaticus var. desertorum Forel, 1894c: 402 (in text) (w.) TUNISIA.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Tunisia: Gabès (A. Forel).
    • Type-depository: unknown (not in MHNG (Agosti, 1990b: 1491)).
    • Karavaiev, 1912a: 17 (m.); Karavaiev, 1924: 306 (q.); Santschi, 1929b: 46 (q.m.).
    • Combination in Myrmecocystus (Cataglyphis): Santschi, 1910f: 234; Karavaiev, 1924: 306;
    • combination in Cataglyphis: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 944; Emery, 1925b: 265.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Santschi, 1929b: 45; Santschi, 1929c: 106; Finzi, 1930b: 16; Menozzi, 1932e: 454; Santschi, 1934f: 175; Finzi, 1936: 193; Santschi, 1936c: 210; Santschi, 1938a: 43; Finzi, 1940: 165; Hamann & Klemm, 1967: 419.
    • Subspecies of viatica: Forel, 1894b: 72; Forel, 1895d: 232; Emery, 1895a: 180; Emery, 1898c: 146; Forel, 1902a: 156; Mayr, 1904b: 10; Forel, 1904b: 381; Forel, 1904c: 12; Ruzsky, 1905b: 429.
    • Subspecies of bicolor: Karavaiev, 1911: 10; Karavaiev, 1912a: 17; Karavaiev, 1924: 306; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929b: 40; Menozzi, 1934: 157.
    • Status as species: Collingwood, 1985: 286; Borowiec, L. 2014: 54 (error).
    • Junior synonym of bicolor: Emery, 1906d: 58; Mayr, 1907a: 389; Forel, 1907e: 15; Forel, 1908a: 15 (in text); Emery, 1908g: 217; Santschi, 1910f: 234; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 944; Emery, 1925b: 265.
    • Junior synonym of viatica: Agosti, 1990b: 1491; Bolton, 1995b: 135; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 132.
    • Junior synonym of savignyi: Cagniant, 2009: 51.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Agosti D. 1990. Review and reclassification of Cataglyphis (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 24: 1457-1505.
  • Agosti, D. 1990. Review and reclassification of Cataglyphis (Hymentopera: Formicidae) . Journal of Natural History 24:1457-1505.
  • Bakr R. F. A., H. H. Fadl, R. M. Badawy, and M. R. Sharaf. 2007. Myrmecophile insects associated with some ant species (Hymenoptera : Formicidae )in Egypt. The second international conference of economic entomology (Entomological Society of Egypt) ,Cairo, Egypt, 8-11 December, (1): 205-233.
  • Barech G., M. Khaldi, S. Ziane, A. Zedam, S. Doumadji, M. Sharaf, and X. Espadaler. 2016. A first checklist and diversity of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the saline dry lake Chott El Hodna in Algeria, a Ramsar Conservation Wetland. African Entomology 24(1): 143–152.
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Cagniant H. 2009. Le genre Cataglyphis Foerster, 1850 au Maroc (Hyménoptères Formicidae). Orsis 24: 41-71.
  • Cagniant, H.. "Liste actualisee des fourmis du Maroc (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)." Myrmecologische Nachrichten 8 (2006): 193-200.
  • Cagniant, H.. Les peuplements de fourmis des forêts algériennes: écologie, biocénotique, essai biologique. Universite de Toulouse, 1973.
  • Collingwood C. A. 1985. Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 7: 230-302.
  • Collingwood C. A., D. Agosti, M. R. Sharaf, A. Van Harten, 2011. Order Hymenoptera, family Formicidae. Arthropod Fauna of the UAE 4: 405-474
  • Collingwood C.A., D.Agosti, M.R. Sharaf, and A. van Harten. 2011. Order Hymenoptera, family Formicidae. Arthropod fauna of the UAE, 4: 405–474
  • Collingwood, C. A., and Donat Agosti. "Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (Part 2)." Fauna of Saudi Arabia 15 (1996): 300-385.
  • Collingwood, C. A.. "Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia." Fauna of Saudi Arabia 7 (1985): 230-302.
  • Diame L., B. Taylor, R. Blatrix, J. F. Vayssieres, J. Y. Rey, I. Grechi, and K. Diarra. 2017. A preliminary checklist of the ant (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) fauna of Senegal. Journal of Insect Biodiversity 5(15): 1-16.
  • Dietrich, B. and R. Wehner. 2003. Sympatry and Allopatry in Two Desert Ant Sister Species: How Do Cataglyphis bicolor and C. savignyi Coexist? Oecologia136 (1) :63-72
  • El-Hawagry M. S., M. W. Khalil, M. R. Sharaf, H. H. Fadl, and A. S. Aldawood. 2013. A preliminary study on the insect fauna of Al-Baha Province, Saudi Arabia, with descriptions of two new species. ZooKeys 274: 1–88. doi:10.3897/zookeys.274.4529
  • Emery, C.. "Beiträge zur Kenntniss der palaearktischen Ameisen." Öfversigt af Finska Vetenskaps-Societetens Förhandlingar (Helsinki) 20 (1898): 124-151.
  • Finzi, B.. "Formiche della Libia." Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 18 (1940): 155-166.
  • Finzi, B.. "Risultati scientifici della spedizione di S. A. S. il Principe Alessandro della Torre e Tasso nell'Egitto e peninsola del Sinai. XI. Formiche." Bulletin de la Société Entomologique d'Egypte 20 (1936): 155-210.
  • Forel A. 1904. Miscellanea myrmécologiques. Rev. Suisse Zool. 12: 1-52.
  • Forel A. 1904. Note sur les fourmis du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences à St. Pétersbourg. Ezheg. Zool. Muz. 8: 368-388.
  • Forel, A.. "Die Sitten und Nester einiger Ameisen der Sahara bei Tugurt und Biskra." Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gessellschaft or Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique Suisse 10 (1903): 453-459.
  • Forel, A.. "Les fourmis du Sahara algérien récoltées par M. le Professeur A. Lameere et le Dr. A. Diehl." Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 46 (1902): 147-158.
  • Forel, A.. "Miscellanea myrmécologiques." Revue Suisse de Zoologie 12 (1904): 1-52.
  • Hamann H. H. F., and W. Klemm W. 1967. Ergebnisse der zoologischen Nubien-Expedition 1962. Teil XXXIV. Hymenoptera - Formicidae. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 70: 411-421.
  • Heatwole H. 1991. The ant assemblages of a sand-dune desert in the United Arab Emirates. Journal of Arid Environments 21: 71-79.
  • Karavaiev V. 1911. Ameisen aus Aegypten und dem Sudan. Rus. Entomol. Obozr. 11: 1-12.
  • Karavaiev V. 1912. Ameisen aus Tunesien und Algerien, nebst einigen unterwegs in Italien gesammelten Arten. Rus. Entomol. Obozr. 12: 1-22.
  • Magboul R., A. Khider, E. Idris, and T. H. Alam. 2013. Ant diversity at Sunut forest, Khartoum, Sudan. Egypt. Acad. J. Biolog. Sci. 6(1): 43-46.
  • Menozzi C. 1932. Spedizione scientifica all'Oasi di Cufra (marzo-luglio 1931). Formiche.. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria. 55: 451-456.
  • Menozzi C. 1934. Reperti mirmecofaunistici raccolti dal Prof. L di Caporiacco nelle oasi di Cufra e in altre localita del deserto Libico. Atti della Societa dei Naturalisti e Matematici di Modena (6)13(65): 153-166
  • Santschi, F. 1929. Etude sur les Cataglyphis. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 36: 25-70.
  • Santschi, F. 1938. Quelques nouvelles fourmis d'Egypte. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique d'Egypte 21: 28-44.
  • Santschi, F.. "Étude sur les Cataglyphis." Revue Suisse de Zoologie 36 (1929): 25-70.
  • Sharaf M. R., B. L. Fisher, H. M. Al Dhafer, A. Polaszek, and A. S. Aldawood. 2018. Additions to the ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Oman: an updated list, new records and a description of two new species. Asian Myrmecology 10: e010004
  • Vonshak M., and A. Ionescu-Hirsch. 2009. A checklist of the ants of Israel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Israel Journal of Entomology 39: 33-55.
  • Wehner R., S. Wehner, and D. Agosti. 1994. Patterns of biogeographic distribution within the bicolor species group of the North African desert ant, Cataglyphis Foerster 1850 (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Senckenb. Biol. 74: 163-191.