Cataglyphis viaticoides

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Cataglyphis viaticoides
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Cataglyphis
Species group: albicans
Species complex: livida
Species: C. viaticoides
Binomial name
Cataglyphis viaticoides
(André, 1881)

Cataglyphis viaticoides casent0906298 p 1 high.jpg

Cataglyphis viaticoides casent0906298 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


At Rawdhat Khorim, Saudia Arabia, C. viaticoides is a common species found throughout the year and abundant from June to October, with a peak in September. Cataglyphis viaticoides was often observed foraging on Calotropis procera (Aiton) W. T. Aiton (Apocynaceae) (Sharaf et al., 2013). Pashaei Rad et al. (2018) found this species in Iran on parkland ground in a moderate to very low rainfall area.


Salata et al. (2021) - Head and mesosoma uniformly yellowish red to reddish yellow, gaster entirely or mostly dark; thin layer of silvery hair limited to propodeum.

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 41.9° to 24.25°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.
Palaearctic Region: Armenia, Greece, Iran, Israel, Lebanon (type locality), Turkey.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

The collection of this species at Rawdhat Khorim, Saudi Arabia, represents the first record known for Saudi Arabia and the second record for the Arabian Peninsula. Collingwood et al. (2011) reported it from UAE (Sharaf et al., 2013).




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • viaticoides. Myrmecocystus albicans var. viaticoides André, 1881b: 57 (w.) LEBANON.
    • Arnol'di, 1964: 1809 (m.).
    • Combination in M. (Cataglyphis): Forel, 1911d: 354;
    • combination in Cataglyphis: Emery, 1925b: 263.
    • Subspecies of albicans: André, 1882b: 168 (in key); Emery, 1891b: 17; Dalla Torre, 1893: 216; Medina, 1893: 104; Forel, 1895d: 228; Forel, 1902a: 156; Forel, 1903b: 459; Forel, 1904b: 383; Emery, 1906d: 53; Forel, 1909c: 105; Karavaiev, 1910b: 37; Forel, 1911d: 354; Crawley, 1920b: 177; Emery, 1925b: 262; Santschi, 1929b: 61 (in key); Menozzi, 1933b: 85; Santschi, 1934d: 281; Ceballos, 1956: 317.
    • Status as species: Arnol'di, 1964: 1809; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 85; Aktaç, 1977: 128; Collingwood, 1978: 92 (in key); Kugler, J. 1988: 259; Agosti, 1990b: 1495; Tinaut & Plaza, 1990: 192; Collingwood, 1993b: 195; Arakelian, 1994: 109; Bolton, 1995b: 137; Radchenko, 1997c: 428; Radchenko, 1998: 506 (in key); Vonshak, et al. 2009: 39; Legakis, 2011: 35; Collingwood, et al. 2011: 464; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 487; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 10; Sharaf, Abdel-Dayem, et al. 2013: 570; Borowiec, L. 2014: 62; Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, 2014: 139; Lebas, et al. 2016: 160; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2018: 5; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c: 44.
  • bulgarica. Cataglyphis (Cataglyphis) livida bulgarica Atanassov, 1982: 213, fig. 4 (w.q.) BULGARIA.
    • Subspecies of livida: Agosti, 1990b: 1494; Bolton, 1995b: 134.
    • Status as species: Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 293.
    • Junior synonym of livida: Radchenko, 1997c: 428.
    • Junior synonym of viaticoides: Salata et al., 2021: 128.
  • mixtus. Myrmecocystus albicans var. mixtus Forel, 1895d: 229 (w.) TURKEY.
    • Combination in M. (Cataglyphis): Forel, 1911d: 354;
    • combination in Cataglyphis: Emery, 1925b: 263.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1906d: 53; Emery, 1925b: 263; Santschi, 1929b: 62 (in key); Santschi, 1934d: 281.
    • Subspecies of albicans: Forel, 1911d: 354; Agosti, 1990b: 1492; Bolton, 1995b: 136.
    • Junior synonym of livida: Radchenko, 1997c: 428; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 9.
    • Junior synonym of viaticoides: Salata et al., 2021: 128.

Taxonomic Notes

Bracko et al. (2016) - The status of this species was misinterpreted probably due to confusion with type material preserved in the Museum of Natural History in Paris. André (1881), in the original description, clearly wrote that specimens named as a Myrmecocystus albicans var. viaticoides were collected in Beyruth (Lebanon). As diagnostic features he noted red colouration of the head and mesosoma and mostly black gaster. In the same paper he described another taxon: Myrmecocystus albicans var. lividus. Specimens of this species were collected in Jaffa, Syria (now Israel) and were distinguished by whole body pale reddish and only apex of gaster infuscate (now dried syntypes appear faded and are almost completely yellow). Surprisingly, in the material preserved in Paris Museum one bicoloured syntype with dark gaster with determination label “viaticoides” has locality label “Syrie” (available in AntWeb CASENT0912236) and another one, uniformly yellow syntype with determination label “viaticoides”, has locality label “Beyrouth” (available in AntWeb specimen/CASENT0915503). In the same collection there is also one syntype of uniformly yellow body with determination label “lividus” and locality label “Syrie” (available in AntWeb We found two other syntypes with determination label “lividus” and locality label “Jaffa” in Forel’s collection in Genève (available in AntWeb CASENT0911099) and in Santschi’s collection in Basel (available in AntWeb https:// Radchenko (1997) studied syntype labelled “Beyrouth” (with mostly yellow abdomen) and suggested that records of bicoloured Cataglyphis viaticoides from Turkey, Caucasus and Iran concern Cataglyphis rubra (Forel, 1903). In his next paper with a key to Asian members of the genus Cataglyphis (Radchenko 1998), he named bicoloured taxon as a C. rubra and unicoloured taxa as a C. lividus and C. viaticoides with note that C. viaticoides is a problematic species. Agosti (1990), in his review of Cataglyphis, noted that syntypes of C. viaticoides do not correspond with species description but he did not propose any solution of this problem. In our opinion only syntypes from Beyruth should be the true types of C. viaticoides, while syntypes from Syrie or Jaffa should be treated as a true types of C. lividus. Probably, discussed above syntypes, were inversely labeled in Paris Museum (bicolored specimens should have label "Beyrouth / Abeille" and uniformly yellow specimens should have label “Jaffa / Abeille” or "Syrie / Abeille"). Cataglyphis viaticoides is the only species of the mentioned above two taxa which occurs in Greece. Data on the distribution of C. bicolor (Fabricius, 1793) in Transcaucasia, Asia Minor, Iran, the Middle East and Arabian Peninsula should refer to C. viaticoides. True C. bicolor is restricted only to North Africa (Wehner et al. 1994, C. Galkowski pers. comm).

Salata et al. (2021) - Radchenko (1997), based on confusion related to the type labels of Cataglyphis livida and C. viaticoides (see Bračko et al. 2016), considered C. livida bulgarica and C. albicans mixtus as junior synonyms of C. livida. Results presented by Bračko et al. (2016) clarified that the only member of the livida complex with entirely or mostly black gaster is C. viaticoides and thus Cataglyphis livida bulgarica Atanassov, 1982 and Cataglyphis albicans mixtus (Forel, 1895) should be considered as its junior synonyms.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Aktaç, N.. "Studies on the myrmecofauna of Turkey I. Ants of Siirt, Bodrum and Trabzon." Istanbul Universitesi Fen Fakultesi Mecmuasi. Seri B 41 (1977): 115-135.
  • Bolu H., and I. Ozgen. 2018. Some observation about Formicidae (Hymenoptera) in almond agroecosystems in East-Southeast Anatolian region of Turkey. Mun. Ent. Zool. 13(2): 495-498.
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Borowiec L., and S. Salata. 2012. Ants of Greece - Checklist, comments and new faunistic data (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus 23(4): 461-563.
  • Borowiec L., and S. Salata. 2018. Notes on ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Samos Island, Greece. Annals of the Upper Silesian Museum in Bytom Entomology 27: 1-13.
  • Bracko G., K. Kiran, C. Karaman, S. Salata, and L. Borowiec. 2016. Survey of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Greek Thrace. Biodiversity Data Journal 4: e7945. doi: 10.3897/BDJ.4.e7945
  • Collingwood C. A., D. Agosti, M. R. Sharaf, A. Van Harten, 2011. Order Hymenoptera, family Formicidae. Arthropod Fauna of the UAE 4: 405-474
  • Collingwood C.A., D.Agosti, M.R. Sharaf, and A. van Harten. 2011. Order Hymenoptera, family Formicidae. Arthropod fauna of the UAE, 4: 405–474
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1993. A Comparitive Study of the Ant Fauna of Five Greek Islands. Biologia Gallo-hellenica. 20,1:191-197
  • Collingwood, C. A.. "A comparative study of the ant fauna of five Greek islands." Biologia Gallo-Hellenica 20 (1993): 191-197.
  • Crawley W. C. 1920. Ants from Mesopotamia and north-west Persia (concluded). Entomol. Rec. J. Var. 32: 177-179.
  • Czechowski W., A. Radchenko, W. Czechowska and K. Vepsäläinen. 2012. The ants of Poland with reference to the myrmecofauna of Europe. Fauna Poloniae 4. Warsaw: Natura Optima Dux Foundation, 1-496 pp
  • Dalla Torre, K. W.. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae. Vol. 7. Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 1893.
  • Emery C. 1906. Rassegna critica delle specie paleartiche del genere Myrmecocystus. Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna (6)3: 47-61.
  • Forel A. 1904. Note sur les fourmis du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences à St. Pétersbourg. Ezheg. Zool. Muz. 8: 368-388.
  • Forel A. 1911. Fourmis nouvelles ou intéressantes. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 47: 331-400.
  • Forel, A.. "Die Sitten und Nester einiger Ameisen der Sahara bei Tugurt und Biskra." Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gessellschaft or Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique Suisse 10 (1903): 453-459.
  • Forel, A.. "Les fourmis du Sahara algérien récoltées par M. le Professeur A. Lameere et le Dr. A. Diehl." Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 46 (1902): 147-158.
  • Izhaki I., B. Idelovich, R. Laster, and Y. Ofer. 2009. The impact of macro- vs micro environmental factors on the structure of ant communities inhabiting East-Mediterranean Aleppo pine forests. Israel Journal of Entomology 39: 129-146.
  • Kiran K., and C. Karaman. 2012. First annotated checklist of the ant fauna of Turkey (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 3548: 1-38.
  • Kiran K., and N. Aktac. 2006. The vertical distribution of the ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Samanh Mountains, Turkey. Linzer Biol. Beitr. 38(2): 1105-1122.
  • Pashaei Rad S., B. Taylor, R. Torabi, E. Aram, G. Abolfathi, R. Afshari, F. Borjali, M. Ghatei, F. Hediary, F. Jazini, V. Heidary Kiah, Z. Mahmoudi, F. Safariyan, and M. Seiri. 2018. Further records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 64(2): 145-159.
  • Salata S., and L. Borowiec. 2018. Taxonomic and faunistic notes on Greek ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Annals of the Upper Silesian Museum in Bytom Entomology 27: 1-51.
  • Tohme G., and H. Tohme. 2014. Nouvelles liste des especes de fourmis du Liban (Hymenoptera, Formicoidea). Lebanese Science Journal 15(1): 133-141.
  • Tohmé, H.. "Écologie et biologie de la reproduction de la fourmi Acantholepis frauenfeldi, Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicoidae, Formicinae)." Publ. Univ. Liban. Sect. Sci. Nat. 12 (1981).
  • Vonshak M., and A. Ionescu-Hirsch. 2009. A checklist of the ants of Israel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Israel Journal of Entomology 39: 33-55.
  • de Haro, Andrés, and C. A. Collingwood. "Prospección mirmecológica por Andalucia." Boletín de la Estación Central de Ecología 6 (12) (1977): 85-90.