Cephalotes vinosus

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Cephalotes vinosus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Cephalotes
Species: C. vinosus
Binomial name
Cephalotes vinosus
(Wheeler, W.M., 1936)

MCZ ENT Cephalotes vinosus 21088 hal.jpg

MCZ ENT Cephalotes vinosus 21088 had.jpg

Paratype Specimen Label

The collector W. J. Eyerdam noted on the syntype specimen labels "very pugnacious, habitat: nest in a beech." Nothing else is known about the natural history of this Haitian endemic.


A member of the hamulus clade characterised by the first gastral tergite reddish-brown. (de Andrade and Baroni Urbani 1999)

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 18.8° to 18.8°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Greater Antilles, Haiti (type locality).

Cephalotes vinosus is endemic to Haiti.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • vinosus. Hypocryptocerus haemorrhoidalis subsp. vinosus Wheeler, W.M. 1936b: 202 (w.) HAITI.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated, “numerous”).
    • [Note: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 98, report 25 syntypes.]
    • Type-locality: Haiti: Mt Rochelois, 1927 (W.J. Eyerdam).
    • Type-depositories: MCZC, MZSP.
    • Combination in Zacryptocerus: Brandão, 1991: 384;
    • combination in Cephalotes: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 98.
    • Subspecies of haemorrhoidalis: Kempf, 1951: 152; Kempf, 1972a: 121; Brandão, 1991: 384; Bolton, 1995b: 427.
    • Status as species: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 98 (redescription); Lubertazzi, 2019: 104.
    • Distribution: Haiti.



de Andrade and Baroni Urbani (1999) - Vertexal angles round, with crenulate margin; vertexal margin gently concave medially. Vertex with a median pair of small denticles and - in larger individuals only - a trace of transversal carina. Eyes slightly convex. The rest as in hamulus.

Mesosoma robust, convex in side view. Scapular angles bearing a small denticle. Anterior pronotal border marked by a carina. Humeral angles with a pair of obtuse or round spines directed anteriorly. Pronotal sides straight, ending in a small tooth visible in dorsal view. Mesonotal teeth small and rounded. Propodeal suture deeply impressed. Propodeum with differentiate basal and declivous faces. Basal face slightly more than 1 /3 broader than long, with sides convex anteriorly straightening posteriorly and with or without 1-2 small denticles; declivous face as long as the basal face, with posteriorly slightly converging sides. Propodeal spines shorter than the basal face of the propodeum, thick in most specimens and diverging. Petiole ca. 1/2 broader than long, its anterior face truncate and gently concave; its sides converging posteriorly and bearing a pair of median pointed teeth. Postpetiole broader than and as long as the petiole; postpetiolar spines broad and variably pointed, inserted anteriorly and curved backwards.

Gaster with a lamellaceous anterior border, generally broad, sometimes reduced, reaching the first gastral stigma at maximum.

Legs as in hamulus.

Sculpture. Head minutely reticulate; vertexal area covered by broad impressions or foveae gradually shallower towards the cheeks. Anterior half of the head with small and shallow foveae. Frontal carinae reticulate and faintly rugulose. Ventral side of the head laterally covered by thick regular striae and reticulate. Hypostomal area deeply reticulate. Cheeks reticulate and superficially rugulose on their posterior half.

Mesosoma, petiole and postpetiole covered by thick, longitudinal, irregular striae and superficial reticulation less impressed on the pronotum. Declivous face of the propodeum covered by thick, longitudinal striae and reticulate.

First gastral tergite reticulate and with longitudinal rugosities on its anterior fourth. Corresponding sternite with superficial longitudinal rugosities on the sides, ventrally with impressed reticulation and opaque, or faintly reticulate and slightly shining in the middle, with sparse piligerous fossae.

Legs as in hamulus.

Pilosity. As in hamulus but denser.

Colour. Head, mesosoma, peduncular segments, gastral sternites, lateral border of first tergite, remaining tergites, and legs black. Frontal carinae, scapes, dark orange to light brown. Gastral dorsum dark reddish. Vertexal area, mesosoma and pedicel with some golden reflexes. Measurements (in mm) and indices: TL 6.84-7.56; HL 1 .76-1.92; HW 1 .92-2.12; EL 0.54-0.56; PW 1 .76-1.92; PeW 0.84-0.88; PpW 1 .04-1 . 1 6; HBaL 0.72-0.76; HBaW 0.20-0.21; CI 1 09.1-1 1 3.3; PI 108.5-1 1 0.4; PPeI 209.5-223.8; PPpl 1 64.3-174.0; HBal 26.3-27.7.

Type Material

MCZ ENT Cephalotes vinosus 21088 lbs.jpg

From de Andrade and Baroni Urbani (1999) - Mt. Rochelois (Haiti). W.J. Eyerdam. Type material: 22 syntype workers in Museum of Comparative Zoology, 3 syntype workers in Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo (examined).


  • Brandão, C. R. F. 1991. Adendos ao catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 35: 319-412 (page 384, Combination in Zacryptocerus)
  • De Andrade, M. L.; Baroni Urbani, C. 1999. Diversity and adaptation in the ant genus Cephalotes, past and present. Stuttg. Beitr. Naturk. Ser. B (Geol. Paläontol.) 271: 1-889 (page 384, Combination in Cephalotes and raised to species)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1951. A taxonomic study on the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Rev. Entomol. (Rio J.) 22: 1-244 (page 152, see also)
  • Lubertazzi, D. 2019. The ants of Hispaniola. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 162(2), 59-210 (doi:10.3099/mcz-43.1).
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1936c. Ants from Hispaniola and Mona Island. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 80: 195-211 (page 202, worker described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Brandao, C.R.F. 1991. Adendos ao catalogo abreviado das formigas da regiao neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 35: 319-412.
  • Kempf W. W. 1951. A taxonomic study on the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro) 22:1-244
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Perez-Gelabert D. E. 2008. Arthropods of Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti): A checklist and bibliography. Zootaxa 1831:1-530.
  • Prado L. P., and C. R. F. Brandao. 2013. A Catalogue of Cephalotini ant types (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae) deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil. Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia 53(20): 285-293.
  • Wheeler, William Morton. 1936. Ants From Hispaniola and Mona Island. Bulletin: Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College. 80(2):192-211.
  • de Andrade, M.L. & C. Baroni Urbani. 1999. Diversity and Adaptation in the ant genus Cephalotes, past and present. Stuttgarter Beitrage zur Naturkunde Serie B 271. 893 pages, Stuttgart