Checklist of Tetraponera species

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Tetraponera
Pseudomyrmecinae
Tetraponera nigra casent0103313 head 1.jpg
Tetraponera nigra
Tetraponera Distribution.png
Distribution
Tetraponera Species Richness.png
Species Richness
Statistics
Valid Species 87
Invalid Species 87
Fossils 7
Countries Occupied 67
Year Described 1852
First Species Described 1851
Last Species Described 2022

The following species and subspecies belong to the genus Tetraponera. Synonyms are listed under their senior names. For valid names only see Tetraponera species and for distribution information see Tetraponera species by Country.

A

aethiops Smith, F., 1877 (Cameroun, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda)
   • Sima spininoda André, 1892

aitkenii (Forel, 1902) (Bangladesh, China, India, Malaysia, Thailand)
allaborans (Walker, 1859) (Australia, Bangladesh, Belgium, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Krakatau Islands, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam)
   • Cerapachys ceylonica Motschoulsky, 1863
   • Cerapachys femoralis Motschoulsky, 1863
   • Eciton minutum Jerdon, 1851
   • Eciton rufipes Jerdon, 1851
   • Sima allaborans longinoda Forel, 1909
   • Sima allaborans sumatrensis Emery, 1900
   • Sima compressa Roger, 1863
   • Sima subtilis Emery, 1899

amargina Xu, Z. & Chai, 2004 (China)
ambigua (Emery, 1895) (Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Cameroun, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Israel, Kenya, Libya, Mozambique, Namibia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Yemen, Zimbabwe)
   • Sima ambigua erythraea Emery, 1895
   • Sima ambigua rhodesiana Forel, 1913
   • Sima bifoveolata Mayr, 1895
   • Sima bifoveolata maculifrons Santschi, 1912
   • Sima bifoveolata syriaca Wheeler, W.M. & Mann, 1916
   • Sima encephala Santschi, 1919
   • Tetraponera ambigua occidentalis Menozzi, 1934
   • Tetraponera ophthalmica angolensis Santschi, 1930

andrei (Mayr, 1895) (Kenya, Mozambique)
anthracina (Santschi, 1910) (Angola, Cameroun, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Nigeria, Uganda)
   • Sima triangularis Stitz, 1910
   • Tetraponera poultoni Donisthorpe, 1931

apiculata Ward, 2001 (Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia)
atra Donisthorpe, 1949 (New Guinea)
attenuata Smith, F., 1877 (Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam)
   • Sima attenuata tenuissima Emery, 1900
   • Sima attenuata thagatensis Forel, 1902
   • Sima birmana Forel, 1902

avia Ward, 2001 (Malaysia)

B

binghami (Forel, 1902) (China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand)
   • Sima binghami lindgreeni Forel, 1902

bita Ward, 2001 (Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia)
brevis Ward, 2001 (Malaysia)
buops Ward, 2001 (Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia)

C

caffra (Santschi, 1914) (South Africa)
clypeata (Emery, 1886) (South Africa)
   • Sima braunsi Forel, 1913

concava Xu, Z. & Chai, 2004 (China)
conica Ward, 2001 (Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia)
connectens Ward, 2001 (Thailand)
continua (Forel, 1907) (Ethiopia, Gambia, Senegal)
   • Sima claveaui Santschi, 1913

convexa Xu, Z. & Chai, 2004 (China)
cortina Ward, 2022 (Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon)
crassiuscula (Emery, 1900) (Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand)

D

diana (Santschi, 1911) (Madagascar)
difficilis (Emery, 1900) (Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand)
   • Sima dilatata Karavaiev, 1933
   • Sima nitens Stitz, 1925
   • Sima stipitum Forel, 1912

dispar Ward, 2022 (Congo)

E

elegans Ward, 2022
emeryi (Forel, 1911) (Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe)
   • Sima braunsi durbanensis Forel, 1914

exactor Ward, 2022 (South Africa)
exasciata (Forel, 1892) (Madagascar)
extenuata Ward, 2001 (Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand)

F

fictrix (Forel, 1897) (Madagascar)
furcata Xu, Z. & Chai, 2004 (China)
furtiva Ward, 2022 (South Africa)

G

gerdae (Stitz, 1911) (Kenya, United Republic of Tanzania)
grandidieri (Forel, 1891) (Madagascar)
   • Sima grandidieri hildebrandti Forel, 1891

H

hespera Ward, 2009 (Madagascar)
hirsuta Ward, 2009 (Madagascar)
hysterica (Forel, 1892) (Madagascar)
   • Sima sahlbergi inflata Emery, 1899

I

inermis Ward, 2009 (Madagascar)
insularis Ward, 2022 (Madagascar)
inversinodis Ward, 2001 (Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines)

K

kosi Ward, 2022 (South Africa)

L

laeviceps (Smith, F., 1859) (Australia, Indonesia, New Guinea, Solomon Islands)
   • Sima dentifera Karavaiev, 1933
   • Sima humerosa Emery, 1900
   • Sima platynota Karavaiev, 1933

latifrons (Emery, 1912) (Cameroun, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon)
liengmei (Forel, 1894) (Mozambique, South Africa)
longula (Emery, 1895) (Madagascar)
   • Sima sahlbergi deplanata Forel, 1904

M

manangotra Ward, 2009 (Madagascar)
mandibularis (Emery, 1895) (Madagascar)
   • Tetraponera flexuosa Santschi, 1911

mayri (Forel, 1901) (Cameroun)
merita Ward, 2009 (Madagascar)
microcarpa Wu, J. & Wang, C., 1990 (China, Vietnam)
mimula Ward, 2001 (New Guinea)
mocquerysi (André, 1890) (Angola, Cameroun, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania)
   • Sima lemoulti Santschi, 1920
   • Sima mocquerysi biozellata Karavaiev, 1931
   • Sima mocquerysi elongata Stitz, 1911
   • Sima mocquerysi emacerata Santschi, 1911
   • Sima monardi Santschi, 1937
   • Sima oberbecki Forel, 1911
   • Sima prelli odiosa Forel, 1916
   • Sima triangularis illota Santschi, 1914
   • Tetraponera ledouxi Terron, 1969
   • Tetraponera mocquerysi lepida Wheeler, W.M., 1922

modesta (Smith, F., 1860) (Borneo, China, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam)
   • Sima fulva Viehmeyer, 1916
   • Tetraponera pisarskii Radchenko, 1997

morondaviensis (Forel, 1891) (Madagascar)
   • Sima arrogans Santschi, 1911
   • Sima demens Santschi, 1911
   • Sima hysterica dimidiata Forel, 1895

N

natalensis (Smith, F., 1858) (Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Somalia, South Africa, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe)
   • Pseudomyrma capensis Smith, F., 1858
   • Sima angusta Arnold, 1949
   • Sima mocquerysi lutea Stitz, 1911
   • Sima natalensis cuitensis Forel, 1911
   • Sima natalensis obscurata Emery, 1895
   • Sima natalensis usambarensis Forel, 1911
   • Sima prelli Forel, 1911

nigra (Jerdon, 1851) (Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand)
   • Sima nigra fergusoni Forel, 1902
   • Sima nigra insularis Emery, 1901
   • Sima nigra krama Forel, 1912
   • Tetraponera atrata Smith, F., 1852
   • Tetraponera petiolata Smith, F., 1877

nitida (Smith, F., 1860) (Australia, Borneo, China, India, Indonesia, Krakatau Islands, Laos, Malaysia, New Guinea, Nicobar Island, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam)
   • Pseudomyrma carbonaria Smith, F., 1863
   • Sima bidentata Karavaiev, 1933
   • Sima bidentata angusticeps Karavaiev, 1933
   • Sima brevicornis Emery, 1900
   • Sima difficilis longiceps Forel, 1902
   • Sima siggi Forel, 1902
   • Sima siggi setifera Viehmeyer, 1916
   • Sima siggii nebulosa Forel, 1903
   • Tetraponera maffini Donisthorpe, 1948
   • Tetraponera shankouensis Zhou & Jiang, 1997

nixa Ward, 2001 (Australia)
nodosa Ward, 2001 (Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand)
notabilis Ward, 2001 (China, Thailand)

O

ophthalmica (Emery, 1912) (Cameroun, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Nigeria, Uganda)
   • Tetraponera nasuta Bernard, 1953
   • Tetraponera ophthalmica tenebrosa Santschi, 1928
   • Tetraponera ophthalmica unidens Santschi, 1928

P

parops Ward, 2006 (Kenya, Somalia, United Republic of Tanzania)
pedana Ward, 2022 (Central African Republic, Kenya, Uganda)
penzigi (Mayr, 1907) (Botswana, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania)
   • Sima zavattarii (Menozzi, 1939)
   • Tetraponera penzigi praestigiatrix Santschi, 1937
   • Tetraponera scotti Donisthorpe, 1931

periyarensis Bharti & Akbar, 2014 (India)
perlonga Santschi, 1928 (Madagascar)
phragmotica Ward, 2006 (Madagascar)
pilosa (Smith, F., 1858) (Borneo, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nicobar Island, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam)
   • Sima nicobarensis Forel, 1903

polita Ward, 2001 (Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia)
protensa Xu, Z. & Chai, 2004 (China)
pumila Ward, 2022 (Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Kenya, Uganda, Zimbabwe)
punctulata Smith, F., 1877 (Australia, New Guinea)
   • Sima punctulata kimberleyensis Forel, 1915

R

rakotonis (Forel, 1891) (Madagascar)
redacta Ward, 2022 (Kenya)
rotula Ward, 2001 (Australia, New Guinea)
rufonigra (Jerdon, 1851) (Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Krakatau Islands, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Island, Pakistan, Seychelles, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam)
   • Sima rufonigra ceylonensis Forel, 1909
   • Sima rufonigra testaceonigra Forel, 1903
   • Sima rufonigra yeensis Forel, 1902

S

sahlbergii (Forel, 1887) (Madagascar)
   • Sima plicatidens Santschi, 1926
   • Sima sahlbergii spuria Forel, 1897

schulthessi (Santschi, 1915) (Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa, Zimbabwe)
setosa Ward, 2022 (Uganda)

T

tessmanni (Stitz, 1910) (Cameroun, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea)
   • Viticicola tessmanni castanea Wheeler, W.M., 1922

tucurua Ward, 2001 (Australia)

V

variegata (Forel, 1895) (Madagascar)
vivax Ward, 2001 (Indonesia)
volucris Ward, 2001 (Singapore)

Fossil Species

E

europaea Dlussky, 2009 (Rovno amber (Priabonian, Late Eocene))

G

groehni Dlussky, 2009 (Baltic amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene))

K

klebsi (Wheeler, W.M., 1915) (Baltic amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene))

L

lacrimarum (Wheeler, W.M., 1915) (Baltic amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene))

O

ocellata (Mayr, 1868) (Baltic amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene))
oligocenica (Théobald, 1937) (Célas, Gard, France (Late Eocene))

S

simplex (Mayr, 1868) (Baltic amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene))