Chelaner macarthuri

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Chelaner macarthuri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Chelaner
Species group: rubriceps
Species: C. macarthuri
Binomial name
Chelaner macarthuri
(Heterick, 2001)

Known only from three workers from two widely separated collections. The Poochera specimen was taken in a pitfall trap [A. McArthur, personal communication].

Identification

Heterick (2001) - A member of the rubriceps group. Chelaner macarthuri is an attractive species characterised by an unusually large, round postpetiole. This condition is normally associated with the genus Cardiocondyla, and is not found in any other Australian Chelaner.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -32.75° to -34.48333333°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • macarthuri. Monomorium macarthuri Heterick, 2001: 432, figs. 48, 82, 83 (w.) AUSTRALIA.
    • Combination in Chelaner: Sparks et al., 2019: 233.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Holotype. HML 2.05; HL 0.74; HW 0.60; CeI 81; SL 0.54; SI 90; PW 0.47. Others. HML 1.95-2.02; HL 0.64; HW 0.52; Cel 80; SL 0.46-0.47; SI 89-91; PW 0.41-0.43 (2 measured).

As for the worker of Chelaner longiceps, but with the following apomorphies.

Head. Frons of head capsule smooth and shining with scattered foveae and striolae, pilosity combination of incurved decumbent and subdecumbent setulae and erect and suberect setae. Compound eyes elliptical; (viewed laterally) compound eyes set posterior of midline of head capsule. Anteromedial clypeal margin straight or slightly emarginate, median clypeal carinae not produced as teeth or denticles. Frontal lobes parallel, sinuate. Mandibles (viewed from front) triangular and smooth, with piliferous punctures.

Alitrunk. Promesonotal sculpture present in form of scattered foveae and striolae, mainly on the mesopleuron, and mesopleural striae. Mesonotal suture absent. Metanotal groove present as feebly impressed furrow between promesonotum and propodeum. Dorsal propodeal face strongly convex; processes absent (propodeum smoothly rounded in profile or with slight hump at propodeal angle). Propodeal angle absent. Erect and suberect propodeal setae 5-10.

Petiole and postpetiole. Petiolar node cuboidal. Height ratio of petiole to postpetiole near 3:4 to near 1:1. Sculpture present in form of microreticulation. Ventral process vestigial.

General characters. Colour alitrunk, petiole and postpetiole reddish-orange, head, gaster and appendages gamboge yellow. Worker caste monomorphic.

Type Material

Holotype. 1 worker, South Australia, Maggea, 25.ix.1974, P. J. M. Greenslade (Australian National Insect Collection). Paratypes. South Australia: 1 worker with same data as the holotype (ANIC); 1 worker, Poochera 32°45'S, 134°50'E, SAM Notho [Nothomyrmecia] search (Museum of Comparative Zoology).

Etymology

Named in honour of Mr. A. J. McArthur, of the South Australian Museum.

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Heterick B. E. 2001. Revision of the Australian ants of the genus Monomorium (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Invertebrate Taxonomy 15: 353-459.