Cheliomyrmex andicola

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Cheliomyrmex andicola
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Tribe: Cheliomyrmecini
Genus: Cheliomyrmex
Species: C. andicola
Binomial name
Cheliomyrmex andicola
Emery, 1894

Cheliomyrmex andicola casent0249450 p 1 high.jpg

Cheliomyrmex andicola casent0249450 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

O'Donnell et al. (2005) described foraging and predation by rarely observed hypogaeic army ants in the genus Cheliomyrmex. Unlike other army ants, C. andicola workers use their sting during prey capture. The workers’ unusual mandibles and potent stings may be adapted for piercing and gripping the integument of non-arthropod prey animals, and for rapidly subduing large-bodied prey. They prey on large-bodied ground dwelling invertebrates and, possibly, on vertebrates.

Photo Gallery

  • Cheliomyrmex andicola is predominantly subterranean but little is known about their biology, although it has been reported that they eat giant earthworms and scavenge corpses. Their mandibles and sting are quite impressive! Photo by Phil Hoenle.

Identification

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 2.625555556° to -4.1°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil, Colombia, Peru (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

O'Donnell et al. (2005) - A subterranean column of C. andicola workers erupted from the soil in pursuit of a fleeing giant earthworm. Several hundred ant workers ran over the leaf litter in the direction taken by the worm. Five C. andicola workers mounted the worm and were biting and apparently stinging its body. After the worm crawled for a distance of 3 m down slope from where it exited the soil, its body contracted from over 40 cm in length to approximately 20 cm in length, and abruptly stopped moving. We assumed that the worm was either paralyzed or dead. Thus Cheliomyrmex workers can actively pursue and subdue large-bodied, fast moving prey. We hypothesize that the mandibular morphology in Cheliomyrmex is an adaptation for the successful capture of large-bodied prey.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • andicola. Cheliomyrmex nortoni subp. andicola Emery, 1894c: 185 (s.) PERU.
    • Type-material: holotype worker (major).
    • Type-locality: Peru: Panamarca (Jelski).
    • Type-depository: MSNG.
    • Forel, 1914e: 10 (w.).
    • Subspecies of nortoni: Emery, 1910b: 17.
    • Status as species: Forel, 1914e: 10; Wheeler, W.M. 1921d: 325; Borgmeier, 1936: 65; Borgmeier, 1955: 71 (redescription); Kempf, 1972a: 76; Kempf, 1975c: 371; Watkins, 1976: 6 (in key); Brandão, 1991: 337; Bolton, 1995b: 145; Bezděčková, et al. 2015: 109; Palacio, 2019: 588.
    • Senior synonym of ursinum Kempf, 1975c: 372; Brandão, 1991: 337; Bolton, 1995b: 145.
    • Distribution: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru.
  • ursinum. Eciton morosum subsp. ursinum Emery, 1901d: 52 (m.) BRAZIL (no state data).
    • Type-material: holotype male.
    • Type-locality: Brazil: (no further data) (Staudinger).
    • Type-depository: MNHN (“coll. André”).
    • Combination in Cheliomyrmex: Wheeler, W.M. 1921d: 324.
    • Subspecies of morosus: Emery, 1910b: 23; Borgmeier, 1923: 44; Bolton, 1995b: 145.
    • Status as species: Wheeler, W.M. 1921d: 324; Borgmeier, 1955: 76; Kempf, 1972a: 77; Watkins, 1976: 7 (in key).
    • Junior synonym of andicola: Kempf, 1975c: 372; Brandão, 1991: 337.

Description

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Borgmeier T. 1955. Die Wanderameisen der neotropischen Region. Studia Entomologica 3: 1-720.
  • Borowiec M. L. 2016. Generic revision of the ant subfamily Dorylinae (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). ZooKeys 608: 1–280.
  • Emery C. 1894. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. VI-XVI. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 26: 137-241.
  • Emery C. 1910. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dorylinae. Genera Insectorum 102: 1-34.
  • Escalante Gutiérrez J. A. 1993. Especies de hormigas conocidas del Perú (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Peruana de Entomología 34:1-13.
  • Estrada M., C. and F. Fernandez. 1999. Diversidad de hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) en un gradiente sucesional del bosque nublado (Nariño, Colombia). Revista de Biología Tropical 47(1-2).
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Kempf W. W. 1975. Miscellaneous studies on neotropical ants. VI. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Studia Entomologica 18: 341-380.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • O'Donnell S., J. Lattke, S. Powell, and M. Kaspari. 2007. Army ants in four forests: geographic variation in raid rates and species composition. Journal of Animal Ecology 76: 580-589.
  • Palacio E. 1999. Hormigas legionarias (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ecitoninae) de Colombia. Pp. 117-189 in: Amat-G., G.; Andrade-C., M. G.; Fernández, F. (eds.) 1999. Insectos de Colombia. Volumen II. Bogotá: Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, 433 pp.
  • Watkins J. F., II 1976. The identification and distribution of New World army ants (Dorylinae: Formicidae). Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press, 102 pp