Cladomyrma sirindhornae

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Cladomyrma sirindhornae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Plagiolepidini
Genus: Cladomyrma
Species: C. sirindhornae
Binomial name
Cladomyrma sirindhornae
Jaitrong, Laedprathom & Yamane, 2013

Cladomyrma-sirindhornae-lateral-am-lg.jpg

Cladomyrma-sirindhornae-dorsal-am-lg.jpg

Paratype Specimen Label

At a Glance • Soldier  

 

Cladomyrma sirindhornae lives in live plants of the verbenacean climber Sphenodesme involucrata, inhabiting plantations and secondary forests. One colony collected from branches co-inhabited by Crematogaster (Colobocrema) sp. (KL-104-4, SKYC, THNHM. A similar situation was reported for Crematogaster (Colobocrema) cf. cylindriceps Wheeler, 1927 found together with Cladomyrma hobbyi in the same host plant Spatholobus sp. in Borneo (Yamane et al. 2011). Scale insects were observed in the nests of C. sirindhornae.

Identification

Jaitrong, Laedprathom and Yamane (2013) - Metapleural gland orifice narrowly opening (all female castes). Petiole longer than high, slightly longer than broad, and flattened in anterior half (queen). Head in full-face view only slightly longer than broad (queen). Mandible with 5 teeth including apical and basal ones; 4th tooth smallest (queen) Upper portion of katepisternum punctate, shiny with sparse short fine hairs (queen). Petiolar node as seen in profile thick, with nearly parallel anterior and posterior slopes and rounded apex (minor and major workers).

Cladomyrma sirindhornae belongs to the depressed-petiole group within this genus based on the queen caste (sensu Agosti et al. 1999). Among the eight species of this group (including the present new species), Cladomyrma andrei, Cladomyrma hobbyi, Cladomyrma maschwitzi, and Cladomyrma yongi have a large metapleural gland orifice in all female castes; the other four species have a small orifice. Among the latter, only Cladomyrma nudidorsalis has the queen caste lacking standing hairs on the dorsum of the mesosoma. The Major and minor workers of the present new species differ from those of Cladomyrma petalae and Cladomyrma scopulosa in having a petiole as seen in profile, with a thick node with its anterior and posterior slopes nearly parallel and a reversed U-shaped apex; the petiolar node is thinner and more or less tapers apicad these castes in the other two species, As for the queen, the petiole seen from above is longer than broad in C. sirindhornae, versus broader than long in C. petalae. In the major worker, C. scopulosa has a remarkably developed subbasal ridge on the lateral part of the clypeus (Eguchi and Bui 2006: fig .4); C. sirindhornae has a normal subbasal ridge.

Distribution

Eastern Thailand (Chachoengsao, Rayong and Chanthaburi Provinces).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: Thailand (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • sirindhornae. Cladomyrma sirindhornae Jaitrong, Laedprathom & Yamane, 2013: 15, figs. 1-4 (s.w.q.m.) THAILAND.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Major Paratypes (n=10) EL 0.14-0.20 mm; HL 0.85-1.03 mm; HW 0.79-0.93 mm; ML 0.89-1.08 mm; SL 0.39-0.45 mm; CI 87-95; EI 18-22; SI 45-49. Head in full-face view subrectangular, slightly longer than broad, with almost parallel sides and sinuate posterior margin; in full-face view posterolateral corner rounded; cranium with very shallow and narrow furrow running from midlength of head toward posterior margin of head. Antenna 8-segmented, without distinctly differentiated club; antennal scape incrassate in full-face view extending beyond level of posterior margin of eye and almost reaching 2/3 of head length; antennal segment II distinct, clearly longer than broad and longer than each of III-V; III-V each broader than long. Gena (malar space) 1.5-1.6 times as long as maximal diameter of eye. Eye composed of ca. 50 ommatidia. Frontal lobe obsolete or almost absent. Clypeus large with basal 1/3 demarcated from apical 2/3, latter much steeper than former; anterior clypeal margin roundly convex medially. Mandible with 4 teeth (including apical and basal teeth); in full-face view outer margin convex but not clearly forming an angle; basal margin weakly concave. Mesosoma robust, its dorsal outline almost flat; pronotum clearly demarcated from mesonotum by distinct promesonotal suture; pronotum broader than mesonotum and propodeum, its anterior face steeply sloping; metanotal groove obsolete dorsally and laterally or invisible; mesopleuron relatively long, anepisternum not demarcated from katepisternum; border between mesopleuron and metapleuron indistinct; metapleural gland orifice narrowly opening; propodeal declivity continuous from propodeal dorsum, almost flat; propodeal spiracle located around posterolateral corner of propodeal dorsum. Petiolar node slightly higher than long, in profile dorsally rounded; its anterior face shorter than posterior face. Gaster relatively large, in dorsal view tergite II almost as long as III. Legs relatively short; femora longer than tibiae.

Posterior half of head smooth and shiny, bearing sparse standing hairs arising from pits mixed with very short hairs; area between eye and antennal socket superficially reticulate and shiny; clypeus in basal and median area finely macroreticulate, but rugoso-reticulate in laterally produced parts close to mandibular bases; entire clypeus with relatively long, strong hairs; anterior half of gena (malar space) finely rugoso-reticulate, posterior half microreticulate; antennal scape smooth and shiny; mandible generally punctate but smooth and shiny along masticatory and outer margins. Mesosoma smooth, covered by dense pubescence mixed with dense standing hairs; longest propodeal hair 0.15-0.18 mm; propodeal declivity smooth and shiny lacking hairs (at most with a few fine hairs). Petiole smooth and shiny with only sparse standing hairs. Gaster with relatively dense pubescence mixed with sparse standing hairs. Legs smooth and shiny.

Body dark brown to yellowish brown, usually with paler anterior part of head and darker gaster; antenna yellowish.

Minor Paratypes (n=10): EL 0.15-0.16 mm; HL 0.68-0.73 mm; HW 0.63-0.69 mm; ML 0.75-0.80 mm; SL 0.35-0.38 mm; CI 91-95; EI 22-25; SI 53-59. Head in full-face view subrectangular, but narrower anteriorly than posteriorly, longer than broad, with sides weakly convex and posterior margin almost straight or feebly concave medially; posterolateral corner rounded. Antenna 8-segmented, without distinctly differentiated club; in full-face view antennal scape extending beyond level of posterior margin of eye and beyond 2/3 of head length but not reaching posterolateral corner of head; antennal segment II distinct, clearly longer than broad and only slightly shorter than III+IV; V almost as long as each of VI and VII. Gena (malar space) 1.7-1.8 times as long as maximal diameter of eye. Eye composed of ca. 40-45 ommatidia. Frontal lobe almost absent. Clypeus large and convex dorsally; anterior margin strongly convex. Mandible with 7-8 teeth, basal margin almost straight. Mesosoma in profile with weakly convex dorsal outline; promesonotal suture distinct; pronotum distinctly broader than mesonotum and propodeum, its anterior face steeply sloping; metanotal groove obsolete dorsally and laterally or invisible; mesopleuron relatively long, anepisternum not demarcated from katepisternum; metapleuron not demarcated from mesopleuron; metapleural gland orifice narrowly opening, larger than propodeal spiracle; propodeal declivity feebly convex; in profile view spiracle located near posterolateral corner of propodeal dorsum. Petiolar node higher than long, its anterior face shorter than posterior face. Gaster and legs as in major workers.

Head including mandible and antennal scape entirely smooth and shiny, bearing sparse standing hairs mixed sparsely with very short appressed pubescence on frons and vertex; lateral face of head below eye with dense appressed pubescence; clypeus entirely smooth and shiny, covered by subdecumbent/suberect pubescent hairs and relatively long standing hairs. Entire mesosoma weakly and densely punctate (or dorsally smooth and shiny), densely covered by pubescence and sparse long standing hairs; longest propodeal hair 0.10-0.13 mm; propodeal declivity smooth and shiny, lacking hairs. Petiole smooth and shiny with several standing hairs on dorsal margin. Gaster with relatively dense pubescence mixed with sparse standing hairs. Legs smooth and shiny.

Coloration of body same as that of major workers.

Queen

Holotype: EL 0.42 mm; HL 1.25 mm; HW 1.05 mm; ML 1.68 mm; SL 0.46 mm; CI 91; EI 40; SI 44. Paratype: EL 0.43 mm; HL 1.11 mm; HW 1.02 mm; ML 1.78 mm; SL 0.50 mm; CI 92; EI 42; SI 49. Non-types (n=2) EL: 0.43-0.45 mm; HL 1.15-1.25 mm; HW 1.03-1.10 mm; ML 1.75-1.88 mm; SL 0.53-0.55 mm; CI 88-89; EI 41; SI 50-51. Head in full-face view subrectangular slightly longer than broad, with round posterior margin. Antenna 8-segmented, without distinctly differentiated club; antennal scape incrassate in full-face view scape extending slightly beyond level of posterior margin of eye; antennal segment II distinct almost as long as (slightly shorter than) III+IV. Gena (as measured from anterior margin of eye to mandibular insertion; malar space) 0.8 times as long as maximal diameter of eye. Eye relatively large, located at about midlength of head. Frontal lobe obsolete or almost absent. Clypeus 1arge, broadly convex anteriorly; median area raised and gradually declining anteriad. Mandible with 5 teeth (including apical and basal teeth); in full-face view outer margin convex, but not clearly forming an angle. Mesosoma robust; in profile pronotum steeply sloping and concave in anterior (lower) half mesoscutum large, almost flat, with parapsidal furrow and short median furrow; mesoscutellum weakly convex dorsally; metanotum short; propodeum in profile relatively long, with almost straight dorsal outline, and gradually sloping posteriad; mesopleuron with weak and narrow transverse groove separating anepisternum and katepisternum; metapleural gland orifice narrowly opening. Petiole in profile low, clearly longer than high and flattened dorsally in anterior half. Gaster relatively large and long. Legs relatively short; femora longer than tibiae.

Frons, vertex, and temple of head smooth and shiny, sparsely bearing short standing hairs arising from pits and very short appressed/decumbent hairs; gena with anterior half longitudinally rugose and posterior portion just in front of eye superficially microreticulate, bearing standing hairs; ventral face of head smooth and shiny covered by short decumbent hairs and bearing long standing hairs; clypeus with median part weakly reticulate and lateral parts weakly rugoso-reticulate, with relatively long standing hairs; mandible generally punctate but smooth and shiny along masticatory margin. Pronotum covered with dense decumbent pubescence and sparse long standing hairs; mesoscutum and mesoscutellum superficially microreticulate, smooth and shiny, with sparse short and long standing hairs; anepisternum smooth and shiny sparsely covered with decumbent pubescence (but with pits of hairs); katepisternum densely covered with appressed/decumbent pubescence, its anterior and lower portions with sparse long standing hairs; propodeum largely smooth and shiny, with dense decumbent pubescence mixed with sparse, very long standing hairs; longest propodeal hair 0.23-0.25 mm. Dorsum of petiole smooth and shiny, with sparse short decumbent hairs mixed with sparse long standing hairs arising from pits. Gaster with relatively dense appressed pubescence mixed with sparse standing hairs. Legs smooth and shiny.

Body entirely dark brown except anterior part of head (including clypeus), antennae, and tarsi yellowish to reddish brown. Body color darker than in the major and minor workers.

Male

Single non-type specimen from type locality: EL 0.35 mm; HL 0.68 mm; HW 0.60 mm; ML 1.23 mm; SL 0.25 mm; CI 89; EI 58; SI 42. Head in full-face view clearly longer than broad, entirely superficially reticulate and shiny, with dense short decumbent hairs mixed with sparse long standing hairs. Antenna 13-segmented, without distinctly differentiated club; antennal scape relatively short, in full-face view reaching level of posterior margin of eye; antennal segment II clearly shorter than each of III-XIII; scape and segment II smooth and shiny, and whitish. Gena (malar space) relatively short, 0.4 times as long as maximal diameter of eye. Eye relatively large. Frontal lobe obsolete or almost absent. Clypeus as in minor workers, but apically weakly emarginated and slightly darker in color. Mandible narrow; with 7 teeth, smooth and shiny pale-colored. Mesosoma similar to that of queen in structure and pilosity with following notable feature espisternum superficially reticulate with sparse short decumbent hairs; katepisternum smooth and shiny with sparse short appressed hairs mixed with decumbent hairs; longest propodeal hair 0.10-0.13mm. Petiole and gaster similar to those of queen. Subgenital plate caudally broad, subparallel, distinctly emerginate with the two ends acute. Legs relatively long.

Body color darker than in major and minor workers.

Type Material

Holotype queen from eastern Thailand, Chanthaburi Prov., Khlung Dist., Ban Ang-Ed Community Forest Development Project (Chaipatt Faonunadation), 20 November 2012, K. Laedprathon leg., TH12-KL-01 (Natural History Museum of the National Science Museum). Paratypes: One queen, 33 major workers and 40 minor workers from the same nest as the holotype (Ant Museum, The Natural History Museum, KKIC, SKY Collection, Natural History Museum of the National Science Museum).

Etymology

The specific name is dedicated to Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of the Kingdom of Thailand.

References

  • Jaitrong, W., Laedprathom, K. & Yamane, S. 2013. A new species of the ant genus Cladomyrma Wheeler (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae) from Thailand. Species Diversity 18, 15-22.