Crematogaster alluaudi

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Crematogaster alluaudi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. alluaudi
Binomial name
Crematogaster alluaudi
Emery, 1893

Crematogaster alluaudi casent0904503 p 1 high.jpg

Crematogaster alluaudi casent0904503 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Canary Islands (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Espadaler (2007) - Canary Islands: From 20 to 760 m. The specimens from El Hierro are somewhat more pilose and the pubescence on the head, gaster and legs is more detached, than in populations from Tenerife. The enhanced pilosity and pubescence is also present in samples from the island of La Palma. This species nests in dead shrubs and is rather inconspicuous unless one happens to touch the vegetation or breaks their nest: then they rush out and come to any available surface, fiercely biting the skin. On examining the surface of leaves of Aeonium sp. (Crassulaceae) plants at Ladera Cabello, I found dead ants attached to the viscous surface. Those crassulaceous plants are a trap for flying insects: seven males of C. alluaudi, one of Solenopsis canariensis, one possibily of Temnothorax bimbache and one queen of the big Camponotus hesperius were recovered from a few plants, in addition to many small flies. Crawling insects may also be trapped, as shown by the capture of two workers of Camponotus guanchus and one small carabid beetle.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • alluaudi. Crematogaster alluaudi Emery, 1893c: 83 (w.) SPAIN (Canary Is). Santschi, 1921e: 168 (q.); Santschi, 1937e: 299 (m.). Combination in C. (Atopogyne): Santschi, 1916b: 501; in C. (Acrocoelia): Emery, 1922e: 142; in C. (Crematogaster): Bolton, 1995b: 166. Current subspecies: nominal plus noualhieri.

Description

References

  • Emery, C. 1893e. Voyage de M. Ch. Alluaud aux îles Canaries. Formicides. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 62: 81-88 (page 83, worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B: 95-206 (page 142, Combination in C. (Atopogyne))
  • Espadaler, X. 2007. The ants of El Hierro (Canary Islands). Pages 113-127 in R. R. Snelling, B. L. Fisher, and P. S. Ward, editors. Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, Gainesville, FL. 80:690 pp.
  • Santschi, F. 1916b [1915]. Descriptions de fourmis nouvelles d'Afrique et d'Amérique. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 84: 497-513 (page 501, Combination in C. (Atopogyne))
  • Santschi, F. 1921e. Nouvelles fourmis paléarctiques. 3ème. note. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 21: 165-170 (page 168, queen described)
  • Santschi, F. 1937e. Contribution à l'étude des Crematogaster paléarctiques. Mém. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 5: 295-317 (page 299, male described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Barquín, J.. Las hormigas de Canarias. Taxonomia, ecologia y distribucion de los Formicidae In Secretariado de publicaciones de la Universidad de La Laguna, Colección Monografías Nº 3. Tenerife: Universidad de La Laguna, 1981.
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Emery, C.. "Voyage de M. Ch. Alluaud aux îles Canaries. Formicides." Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 62 (1893): 81-88.
  • Espadaler, X.. "The ants of El Hierro (Canary Islands)." Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80 (2007): 113-127.
  • Espadaler, Xavier. 2007. The Ants of El Hierro (Canary Islands) in Snelling. pp. 113-127
  • Espadaler, Xavier. 2007. The Ants of El Hierro (Canary Islands). Memoirs of the AMer113-127.
  • Forel A. 1893. Nouvelles fourmis d'Australie et des Canaries. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 37: 454-466.
  • Forel, A.. "Nouvelles fourmis d'Australie et des Canaries." Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 37 (1893): 454-466.
  • Hohmann H., F. La Roche, G. Ortega, and J. Barquín. 1993. Bienen, Wespen und Ameisen der Kanarischen Inseln. Veröff. Überseemus. Bremen Naturwiss. 12: 14.
  • Santschi, F.. "Contribution à l'étude des Crematogaster paléarctiques." Mém. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 5 (1937): 295-317.
  • Santschi, F.. "Nouvelles fourmis paléarctiques. 3ème. Note." Boletín de la Real Sociedad española de Historia natural (Madrid) 21 (1921): 165-170.
  • Schulz, A.. "Epimyrma birgitae nova species, eine sozialparasitische Ameisenart (Hym.: Formicidae) auf Teneriffa (Kanarische Inseln, Spanien)." Beiträge zur Entomologie 44 (1994): 431-440.
  • Wellenius, O. H.. "Entomologische Ergebnisse der finnländischen Kanaren-Expedition 1947-1951. No. 10. Formicidae Insularum Canariensium. Systematik, Ökologie und Verbreitung der Kanarischen Formiciden." Commentationes Biologicae Societas Scienitarum Fennica 15(8) (1955): 1-20.