Crematogaster depressa

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Crematogaster depressa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. depressa
Binomial name
Crematogaster depressa
(Latreille, 1802)

Crematogaster depressa casent0902072 p 1 high.jpg

Crematogaster depressa casent0902072 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Guinea (type locality), Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Association with Other Organisms

This species is a host for the eulophid wasp Pediobius acraconae (a parasite) (Universal Chalcidoidea Database) (associate).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • depressa. Formica depressa Latreille, 1802c: 268, pl. 11, fig. 73 (q.) GUINEA. Forel, 1910f: 5 (m.). Combination in Crematogaster: Emery, 1892b: 164; in C. (Oxygyne): Forel, 1901e: 375; in C. (Atopogyne): Forel, 1911d: 343; Santschi, 1918d: 183. Senior synonym of platygnatha (and its junior synonym mandibularis): Emery, 1892b: 164; of foreli: Bolton, 1995b: 151. Current subspecies: nominal plus adultera, fuscipennis.
  • platygnatha. Formica platygnatha Roger, 1863a: 168 (q.) SIERRA LEONE. Combination in Crematogaster: André, 1890: 323. Senior synonym of mandibularis: André, 1890: 323. Junior synonym of depressa: Emery, 1892b: 164.
  • mandibularis. Crematogaster mandibularis André, 1889: 229 (q.) SIERRA LEONE. Junior synonym of platygnatha: André, 1890: 323.
  • foreli. Crematogaster buchneri subsp. foreli Mayr, 1895: 138 (w.) GUINEA. Combination in C. (Atopogyne): Santschi, 1916b: 501. Junior synonym of depressa: Emery, 1899e: 478. Revived from synonymy as subspecies of buchneri: Forel, 1909b: 53. Raised to species: Santschi, 1918d: 183. Junior synonym of depressa: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 855; Emery, 1922e: 155. Subspecies of buchneri: Santschi, 1928d: 68; of depressa: Santschi, 1933b: 100. Junior synonym of depressa: Bolton, 1995b: 153.

Description

References

  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 151, Senior synonym of foreli)
  • Emery, C. 1892c [1891]. Note sinonimiche sulle formiche. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 23: 159-167 (page 164, Combination in Crematogaster)
  • Emery, C. 1892c [1891]. Note sinonimiche sulle formiche. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 23: 159-167 (page 164, Senior synonym of platygnatha (and its junior synonym mandibularis))
  • Forel, A. 1901j. Variétés myrmécologiques. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 45: 334-382 (page 375, Combination in C. (Oxygyne))
  • Forel, A. 1910e. Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise im westlichen und zentralen Südafrika ausgeführt in den Jahren 1903-1905 von Dr. Leonhard Schultze. Vierter Band. Systematik und Tiergeographie. D) Formicidae. Denkschr. M (page 5, male described)
  • Forel, A. 1911f. Fourmis nouvelles ou intéressantes. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 47: 331-400 (page 343, Combination in C. (Atopogyne))
  • Latreille, P. A. 1802b. Histoire naturelle générale et particulière des Crustacés et des insectes. Tome 3. Familles naturelles des genres. Paris: F. Dufart, xii + 467 pp. (page 268, pl. 11, fig. 73 queen described)
  • Santschi, F. 1918d. Sous-genres et synoymies [sic] de Cremastogaster (Hym. Formic.). Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 1918: 182-185 (page 183, Combination in C. (Atopogyne))

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Belshaw R., and B. Bolton. 1994. A survey of the leaf litter ant fauna in Ghana, West Africa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research. 3: 5-16.
  • Bernard F. 1953. La réserve naturelle intégrale du Mt Nimba. XI. Hyménoptères Formicidae. Mémoires de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire 19: 165-270.
  • Dejean A., F. Azemar, R. Cereghino, M. Leponce, B. Corbara, J. Orivel, and A. Compin. 2015. The dynamics of ant mosaics in tropical rainforests characterized using the SelfOrganizing Map algorithm. Insect Science doi: 10.1111/1744-7917.12208
  • Diame L., B. Taylor, R. Blatrix, J. F. Vayssieres, J. Y. Rey, I. Grechi, and K. Diarra. 2017. A preliminary checklist of the ant (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) fauna of Senegal. Journal of Insect Biodiversity 5(15): 1-16.
  • Dufour B. 1991. Place et importance des différentes espèces d'insectes dans l'écologie du CSSV (Cocoa Swollen Shoot Virus) au Togo). Café Cacao Thé 35(3): 197-204.
  • Forel A. 1909. Fourmis du Musée de Bruxelles. Fourmis de Benguela récoltées par M. Creighton Wellman, et fourmis du Congo récoltées par MM. Luja, Kohl et Laurent. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 53: 51-73.
  • IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection
  • Majer J. D. 1976. The ant mosaic in Ghana cocoa farms: further structural considerations. Journal of Applied Ecology 13: 145-155.
  • Majer J. D. 1976. The influence of ants and ant manipulation on the cocoa farm fauna. The journal of Applied Ecology 13(1): 157-175.
  • Medler J. T. 1980: Insects of Nigeria - Check list and bibliography. Mem. Amer. Ent. Inst. 30: i-vii, 1-919.
  • Santschi F. 1914. Formicides de l'Afrique occidentale et australe du voyage de Mr. le Professeur F. Silvestri. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura. Portici 8: 309-385.
  • Soulié J., and L. D. Dicko. 1965. La répartition des genres de fourmis de la tribu des "Cremastogastrini" dans la faune éthiopienne et malgache. Hymenoptera - Formicoidea - Myrmicidae. Ann. Univ. Abidjan Sér. Sci. 1: 85-106.
  • Taylor B. 1979. Ants of the Nigerian Forest Zone (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). III. Myrmicinae (Cardiocondylini to Meranoplini). Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria Research Bulletin 6: 1-65.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 711-1004
  • Yanoviak S. P., B. L. Fisher, and A. Alonso. 2007. Arboreal ant diversity (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in a central African forest. African Journal of Ecology. 46(1): 60-66.