Crematogaster depressa

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Crematogaster depressa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. depressa
Binomial name
Crematogaster depressa
(Latreille, 1802)

Crematogaster depressa casent0902072 p 1 high.jpg

Crematogaster depressa casent0902072 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

Identification

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 6.15° to -5.875°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Guinea (type locality), Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone.

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

pChart

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

pChart

Biology

Association with Other Organisms

This species is a host for the eulophid wasp Pediobius acraconae (a parasite) (Universal Chalcidoidea Database) (associate).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • depressa. Formica depressa Latreille, 1802c: 268, pl. 11, fig. 73 (q.) GUINEA.
    • Type-material: holotype queen.
    • Type-locality: Guinea: (no further data) (Beauvois).
    • Type-depository: MNHN.
    • Forel, 1910f: 5 (m.).
    • Combination in Crematogaster: Emery, 1892b: 164;
    • combination in C. (Oxygyne): Forel, 1901e: 375;
    • combination in C. (Atopogyne): Forel, 1911d: 343; Santschi, 1918d: 183.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 81; Mayr, 1895: 144; Emery, 1899e: 478; Forel, 1910f: 5; Santschi, 1914d: 351; Emery, 1922e: 155; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 159, 855; Santschi, 1937b: 99; Weber, 1943c: 310; Bernard, 1953b: 234; Bolton, 1995b: 151.
    • Senior synonym of foreli: Emery, 1899e: 478; Emery, 1922e: 155; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 855; Bolton, 1995b: 151.
    • Senior synonym of mandibularis: Emery, 1892b: 164; Dalla Torre, 1893: 81; Emery, 1899e: 478; Emery, 1922e: 155; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 855; Bolton, 1995b: 151.
    • Senior synonym of platygnatha: Emery, 1892b: 164; Dalla Torre, 1893: 81; Emery, 1899e: 478; Emery, 1922e: 155; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 855; Bolton, 1995b: 151.
    • Distribution: Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus adultera, fuscipennis.
  • foreli. Crematogaster buchneri subsp. foreli Mayr, 1895: 138 (w.) West Africa (no state data).
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Slave Coast (“Sclavenküste”): (no further data).
    • [Note: “Slave Coast” extended from the Volta River mouth (Ghana) to Lagos (Nigeria).]
    • Type-depository: NHMW.
    • Combination in C. (Atopogyne): Santschi, 1916b: 501.
    • Subspecies of buchneri: Forel, 1909b: 53; Santschi, 1928d: 68.
    • Status as species: Santschi, 1918d: 183.
    • Subspecies of depressa: Santschi, 1914d: 351; Santschi, 1933b: 100.
    • Junior synonym of depressa: Emery, 1899e: 478; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 855; Emery, 1922e: 155; Bolton, 1995b: 153.
  • mandibularis. Crematogaster mandibularis André, 1889: 229 (q.) SIERRA LEONE.
    • Type-material: holotype queen.
    • Type-locality: Sierra Leone: (no further data) (Mocquerys).
    • Type-depository: MNHN.
    • Junior synonym of platygnatha: André, 1890: 323.
    • Junior synonym of depressa: Emery, 1892b: 164; Dalla Torre, 1893: 81; Emery, 1899e: 478; Emery, 1922e: 155; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 855; Bolton, 1995b: 157.
  • platygnatha. Formica platygnatha Roger, 1863a: 168 (q.) SIERRA LEONE.
    • Type-material: holotype queen.
    • Type-locality: Sierra Leone (no further data).
    • Type-depository: NMHU ?
    • Combination in Crematogaster: André, 1890: 323.
    • Status as species: Mayr, 1863: 419.
    • Junior synonym of depressa: Emery, 1892b: 164; Dalla Torre, 1893: 81; Emery, 1899e: 478; Emery, 1922e: 155; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 855; Bolton, 1995b: 160.

Description

References

  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 151, Senior synonym of foreli)
  • Emery, C. 1892c [1891]. Note sinonimiche sulle formiche. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 23: 159-167 (page 164, Combination in Crematogaster)
  • Emery, C. 1892c [1891]. Note sinonimiche sulle formiche. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 23: 159-167 (page 164, Senior synonym of platygnatha (and its junior synonym mandibularis))
  • Forel, A. 1901j. Variétés myrmécologiques. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 45: 334-382 (page 375, Combination in C. (Oxygyne))
  • Forel, A. 1910e. Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise im westlichen und zentralen Südafrika ausgeführt in den Jahren 1903-1905 von Dr. Leonhard Schultze. Vierter Band. Systematik und Tiergeographie. D) Formicidae. Denkschr. M (page 5, male described)
  • Forel, A. 1911f. Fourmis nouvelles ou intéressantes. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 47: 331-400 (page 343, Combination in C. (Atopogyne))
  • Latreille, P. A. 1802b. Histoire naturelle générale et particulière des Crustacés et des insectes. Tome 3. Familles naturelles des genres. Paris: F. Dufart, xii + 467 pp. (page 268, pl. 11, fig. 73 queen described)
  • Mbenoun Masse, P.S., Ebolo, G.L.M., Titti, G.E., Mony, R. (2021) Ant species richness, abundance and functional groups along an elevation gradient in Central Cameroon Biodiversity Journal, 2021, 12 1.: 179–194. Biodiversity Journal 12, 179–194 (doi:10.31396/biodiv.jour.2021.12.1.179.194).
  • Santschi, F. 1918d. Sous-genres et synoymies [sic] de Cremastogaster (Hym. Formic.). Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 1918: 182-185 (page 183, Combination in C. (Atopogyne))

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Belshaw R., and B. Bolton. 1994. A survey of the leaf litter ant fauna in Ghana, West Africa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research. 3: 5-16.
  • Bernard F. 1953. La réserve naturelle intégrale du Mt Nimba. XI. Hyménoptères Formicidae. Mémoires de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire 19: 165-270.
  • Dejean A., F. Azemar, R. Cereghino, M. Leponce, B. Corbara, J. Orivel, and A. Compin. 2015. The dynamics of ant mosaics in tropical rainforests characterized using the SelfOrganizing Map algorithm. Insect Science doi: 10.1111/1744-7917.12208
  • Diame L., B. Taylor, R. Blatrix, J. F. Vayssieres, J. Y. Rey, I. Grechi, and K. Diarra. 2017. A preliminary checklist of the ant (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) fauna of Senegal. Journal of Insect Biodiversity 5(15): 1-16.
  • Dufour B. 1991. Place et importance des différentes espèces d'insectes dans l'écologie du CSSV (Cocoa Swollen Shoot Virus) au Togo). Café Cacao Thé 35(3): 197-204.
  • Forel A. 1909. Fourmis du Musée de Bruxelles. Fourmis de Benguela récoltées par M. Creighton Wellman, et fourmis du Congo récoltées par MM. Luja, Kohl et Laurent. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 53: 51-73.
  • IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection
  • Majer J. D. 1976. The ant mosaic in Ghana cocoa farms: further structural considerations. Journal of Applied Ecology 13: 145-155.
  • Majer J. D. 1976. The influence of ants and ant manipulation on the cocoa farm fauna. The journal of Applied Ecology 13(1): 157-175.
  • Medler J. T. 1980: Insects of Nigeria - Check list and bibliography. Mem. Amer. Ent. Inst. 30: i-vii, 1-919.
  • Santschi F. 1914. Formicides de l'Afrique occidentale et australe du voyage de Mr. le Professeur F. Silvestri. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura. Portici 8: 309-385.
  • Soulié J., and L. D. Dicko. 1965. La répartition des genres de fourmis de la tribu des "Cremastogastrini" dans la faune éthiopienne et malgache. Hymenoptera - Formicoidea - Myrmicidae. Ann. Univ. Abidjan Sér. Sci. 1: 85-106.
  • Taylor B. 1979. Ants of the Nigerian Forest Zone (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). III. Myrmicinae (Cardiocondylini to Meranoplini). Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria Research Bulletin 6: 1-65.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 711-1004
  • Yanoviak S. P., B. L. Fisher, and A. Alonso. 2007. Arboreal ant diversity (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in a central African forest. African Journal of Ecology. 46(1): 60-66.