Crematogaster laestrygon

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Crematogaster laestrygon
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. laestrygon
Binomial name
Crematogaster laestrygon
Emery, 1869

Crematogaster laestrygon casent0281538 p 1 high.jpg

Crematogaster laestrygon casent0281538 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


This species was the only ant found right at the peak of Arabia's highest mountain, Djebel an-Nabi Shuaib, at 3750 m (Collingwood and Agosti 1996)


Collingwood and Agosti (1996) - This highland species varies in colour from totally dark to various shades of grey sometimes with a reddish tinge but can always be recognised by the strongly developed mesonotal keel and the very short dentate propodeal spines.

Keys including this Species


Sharaf et al. (2019): This species is originally described from Italy and widespread in southern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East (Borowiec 2014; Guénard et al. 2017; Janicki et al. 2017). The Arabian records are from the KSA and Yemen (Borowiec 2014; Collingwood 1985, Collingwood and Agosti 1996).

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 40.090833° to 14.704167°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia, Yemen.
Palaearctic Region: Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Georgia, Iberian Peninsula, Malta, Morocco, Spain, Turkey.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.


Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.





The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • laestrygon. Crematogaster laestrygon Emery, 1869a: 135 (w.) ITALY (Sicily) (attributed to Haliday).
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Italy: Sicily, sea coast from Catina to Pachynum promontory (= Cape Passaro) (A.H. Haliday ?), and Monti Rossi, Mt Etna (A.H. Haliday ?).
    • Type-depository: MSNG.
    • [Misspelled as laestrigon by De Stefani, 1889: 145, Santschi, 1910a: 43, Karavaiev, 1927b: 104, and others.]
    • De Stefani, 1889: 145 (q.); Baroni Urbani, 1964b: 43 (q.).
    • Combination in C. (Acrocoelia): Emery, 1922e: 142;
    • combination in C. (Crematogaster): Bolton, 1995b: 166.
    • Subspecies of scutellaris: Emery & Forel, 1879: 464; Emery, 1881b: 535; André, 1883b: 393; De Stefani, 1889: 145.
    • Subspecies of schmidti: Emery, 1891b: 15; Dalla Torre, 1893: 85; Emery, 1893c: 82.
    • Subspecies of auberti: Forel, 1894d: 25; Forel, 1902a: 154; Ruzsky, 1902d: 31; Forel, 1904c: 5; Forel, 1905b: 174; Ruzsky, 1905b: 495; Forel, 1911d: 341 (in text); Karavaiev, 1912a: 11; Emery, 1912e: 658; Emery, 1916b: 156; Stitz, 1917: 341; Santschi, 1921d: 70; Emery, 1922e: 142; Karavaiev, 1927b: 104; Kutter, 1927: 99; Santschi, 1929e: 148; Santschi, 1934f: 167.
    • Status as species: Emery, 1878b: 59; Emery, 1880: 398; André, 1881b: 77; Forel, 1909c: 104; Santschi, 1910a: 43; Santschi, 1915a: 59; Emery, 1926: 2; Wheeler, W.M. 1927g: 106; Grandi, 1935: 100; Santschi, 1936c: 201; Santschi, 1937e: 305; Santschi, 1939d: 73; Finzi, 1940: 160; Bernard, 1945: 133; Bernard, 1956b: 258; Ceballos, 1956: 303; Baroni Urbani, 1964b: 43; Cagniant, 1964: 88; Cagniant, 1968a: 143; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 66; Cagniant, 1970a: 417; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 78; Baroni Urbani, 1976: 211; Aktaç, 1977: 121; Collingwood, 1978: 82 (in key); Collingwood, 1985: 262; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 54; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 272 (in key); Hohmann, et al. 1993: 148; Bolton, 1995b: 155; Mei, 1995: 762; Poldi, et al. 1995: 4; Collingwood & Agosti, 1996: 331; Espadaler, 1997b: 29; Cagniant, 2005: 11; Cagniant, 2006a: 198; Petrov, 2006: 93 (in key); Karaman, M.G. 2008: 20 (in key); Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 138; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 18; Borowiec, L. 2014: 66 (see note in bibliography); Lebas, et al. 2016: 270; Sharaf, Aldawood & Hita Garcia, 2019: 64.
    • Senior synonym of vaucheri: Collingwood, 1978: 69; Bolton, 1995b: 155; Sharaf, Aldawood & Hita Garcia, 2019: 64.
    • Distribution: Algeria, Egypt, Georgia, Italy (+ Sicily), Libya, Malta, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Spain (+ Balearics, Canary Is), Tunisia, Turkey, Yemen.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus airensis, atlantis, canariensis, diminuta, granulata, maura, submaura, surcoufi, theryi, vivax.
  • vaucheri. Crematogaster laestrygon subsp. vaucheri Emery, 1926: 2.
    • Type-material: holotype (?) worker.
    • [Note: no indication of number of specimens is given.]
    • Type-locality: Morocco: Mazagan (Vaucher).
    • Type-depository: NHMB.
    • [First available use of Crematogaster auberti st. laestrygon var. vaucheri Santschi, 1921d: 71 (w.) MOROCCO; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • Subspecies of laestrygon: Santschi, 1937e: 308; Ceballos, 1956: 303.
    • Junior synonym of laestrygon: Collingwood, 1978: 69; Bolton, 1995b: 165; Sharaf, Aldawood & Hita Garcia, 2019: 64.

Taxonomic Notes

Sharaf et al. (2019): This is a good example of a Crematogaster species with a complex and uncertain taxonomic situation. It is relatively widespread in the Mediterranean and Middle East and currently has nine subspecies. It is doubtful that they are conspecific and it is possible that this is a species complex.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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