Crematogaster mpanjono

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Crematogaster mpanjono
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. mpanjono
Binomial name
Crematogaster mpanjono
Blaimer, 2012

Crematogaster mpanjono casent0193889 p 1 high.jpg

Crematogaster mpanjono casent0193889 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Only one nest collection of this species (a queen and a nanitic worker) from an arboreal root pocket exists. Therefore next to nothing is known about the biology of C. mpanjono. The known distribution records of this rare ant show a macrohabitat preference for lowland rainforests of the north-western Sambirano region (Nosy Bé, R.S. Manongarivo) or eastern littoral rainforest (F Ambohidena). These disjunct records from north-western Madagascar and the east coast island Ile St.Marie are peculiar and could point to incomplete distribution records for this species. In any case, although the Ambohidena population has not been sampled for nuclear genetic data, the conspecificity of these disjunct populations is supported by the COI barcoding data. Crematogaster mpanjono occurs in sympatry with the widespread Crematogaster rasoherinae and Crematogaster madecassa. (Blaimer 2012)


Blaimer (2012) - A member of the Crematogaster volamena group. Workers of C. mpanjono are diagnosed from all Malagasy Orthocrema, except the closely related Crematogaster volamena, by a combination of the following: indistinct occipital carinae, non-protruding and small eyes and the absence of raised, sharp lateral carinae on the propodeum. All these characteristics are shared with the much more common C. volamena, from which it cannot be distinguished reliably based on the worker caste. Crematogaster mpanjono has slightly shorter propodeal spines than C. volamena, and often a long erect pilosity is present on the propodeum. The distributions of these two species aid in distinguishing between them, as they are not known to co-occur. Queens of C. mpanjono are easily separated from C. volamena queens by virtue of the scuto-scutellar suture that is acutely meeting the mesoscutum and the indistinct occipital carinae. From the remaining Malagasy Orthocrema queens, C. mpanjono queens are diagnosable by the absence of propodeal spines and by their larger size (HW 1.48, WL 2.70).

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -13.41345° to -19.006727°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Malagasy Region: Madagascar (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



Males have yet to be collected.


Images from AntWeb

Crematogaster mpanjono casent0193889 h 2 high.jpg
Holotype of Crematogaster mpanjonoWorker. Specimen code casent0193889. Photographer Bonnie Blaimer, uploaded by Curator Bonnie Blaimer. Owned by CAS, San Francisco, CA, USA.


Images from AntWeb

Crematogaster mpanjono casent0067033 h 1 high.jpgCrematogaster mpanjono casent0067033 h 2 high.jpgCrematogaster mpanjono casent0067033 p 1 high.jpgCrematogaster mpanjono casent0067033 p 2 high.jpgCrematogaster mpanjono casent0067033 d 1 high.jpgCrematogaster mpanjono casent0067033 d 2 high.jpgCrematogaster mpanjono casent0067033 d 3 high.jpgCrematogaster mpanjono casent0067033 l 1 high.jpg
Queen (alate/dealate). Specimen code casent0067033. Photographer Bonnie Blaimer, uploaded by Curator Bonnie Blaimer. Owned by CAS, San Francisco, CA, USA.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • mpanjono. Crematogaster mpanjono Blaimer, 2012b: 64, fig. 33 (w.q.) MADAGASCAR.
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality: Madagascar: Prov. Antsiranana, R.S. Manongarivo, 10.8 km. 229° SW Antanambao, 400 m., 13°57.7’S, 48°26.0’E, 18.xi.1998, BLF1998(12)-1, beating low vegetation, rainforest (B.L. Fisher).
    • Type-depository: CASC.
    • Combination in C. (Orthocrema): Blaimer, 2012b: 32.
    • Distribution: Madagascar.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



(n=4). Holotype: HW 0.61; HL 0.56; EL 0.11; SL 0.48; WL 0.65; SPL 0.06; PTH 0.15; PTL 0.22; PTW 0.19; PPL 0.13; PPW 0.21; LHT 0.46; CI 1.09; OI 0.20; SI 0.85; SPI 0.09; PTHI 0.69; PTWI 0.88; PPI 1.62; LBI 1.40.

Other material. HW 0.51–0.78; HL 0.51–0.78; EL 0.10–0.15; SL 0.43–0.54; WL 0.56–0.86; SPL 0.04–0.05; PTH 0.11–0.16; PTL 0.17–0.27; PTW 0.16–0.23; PPL 0.09–0.15; PPW 0.19–0.22; LHT 0.39–0.56; CI 1.02–1.04; OI 0.19–0.20; SI 0.72–0.85; SPI 0.06–0.07; PTHI 0.60–0.63; PTWI 0.87–1.03; PPI 1.46–2.03; LBI 1.42–1.52.

Very small to small species (HW 0.51–0.78, WL 0.56–0.86), with characters of the C. volamena-group, in addition to the following. Clypeus with or without several short vertical carinae.

Mesonotum usually denticulate, then weakly carinate until meeting metanotal groove; posterior face of mesonotum indistinct, gradually sloping into metanotal groove.

Head sculpture shiny to aciculate; propodeum often with longer erect pilosity. Color yellow to pale yellow.


(n=1). HW 1.48, HL 1.52, EL 0.42, SL 0.81, MSNW 1.04, MSNL 1.53, WL 2.70, SPL 0.00, PTH 0.39, PTL 0.51, PTW 0.51, PPL 0.39, PPW 0.53, LHT 1.07, CI 0.96, OI 0.27, SI 0.53, MSNI 1.77, SPI 0.00, PTHI 0.78, PTWI 1.01, PPI 1.35, LBI 2.52.

Medium-sized (HW 1.48, WL 2.70), with characters of the C. volamena-group, in addition to the following. Antennal scapes reaching to about level of lateral ocelli; occipital carinae indistinct; eyes larger (OI 0.27); head slightly longer than wider (CI 0.96).

Mesosoma slender (MSNI 1.77, WL 2.70); mesoscutum in dorsal view elongate; scuto-scutellar suture acutely meeting mesoscutum; dorsal face of propodeum about as long as posterior face, the latter sloping abruptly; petiole subquadrate.

Head sculpture mostly aciculate, carinulate below eyes. Color reddish brown.

Type Material

MADAGASCAR: Antsiranana: R.S. Manongarivo: -13.96167, 48.43333, 400m, rainforest, beating low vegetation, 18.xi.1998, B. L. Fisher.

Holotype worker: pinned, CASENT0193889, BLF01998(12)- 1; original locality label: MADG’R: Prov. Antsiranana: R.S. Manongarivo 10.8km 229°SW Antanambao 400m 13°57.7'S 48°26.0'E, 18.xi.1998, B. L. Fisher#1998(12)-1; deposited at California Academy of Sciences.


The Malagasy word “mpanjono” means “fisher “or “fisherman”. The name for this rare ant species is dedicated to B. L. Fisher and his ant diversity and conservation efforts in Madagascar. This name should be treated as a noun in apposition.


  • Blaimer, B.B. 2012. Taxonomy and species-groups of the subgenus Crematogaster (Orthocrema) in the Malagasy region (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). ZooKeys, 199, 23-70. doi:10.3897/zookeys.199.2631

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Blaimer, B.. "Taxonomy and species-groups of the subgenus Crematogaster (Orthocrema) in the Malagasy region (Hymenoptera, Formicidae)." ZooKeys 199 (2012): 23-70.