Crematogaster schencki

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Crematogaster schencki
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. schencki
Binomial name
Crematogaster schencki
Forel, 1891

Crematogaster schencki casent0101475 profile 1.jpg

Crematogaster schencki casent0101475 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Identification

Blaimer (2010, 2012c) - A member of the Crematogaster hova group.

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -15.56666667° to -20.777°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Malagasy Region: Madagascar (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • schencki. Crematogaster schenki Forel, 1891b: 182, pl. 6, fig. 2 (w.q.) MADAGASCAR.
    • Type-material: lectotype worker (by designation of Blaimer, 2010: 17), paralectotype workers, paralectotype queens (numbers not stated).
    • Type-locality: lectotype Madagascar: Imerina, Antananarivo, Andrangoloaka, “central Madagascar” (Hildebrand); paralectotypes with same data, or from same locality but collected by Camboué or Sikora.
    • Type-depositories: MHNG (lectotype), MHNG, MNHU (paralectotypes).
    • [Justified emendation of spelling to schencki: Wheeler, W.M. 1911f: 161.]
    • Combination in C. (Decacrema): Forel, 1910a: 18; Forel, 1910f: 9.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 85; Emery, 1895f: 343; Forel, 1904b: 372; Forel, 1907g: 78; Emery, 1922e: 138; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 1026; Bolton, 1995b: 162.
    • Member of hova complex: Blaimer, 2010: 17.
    • Distribution: Madagascar.

Description

References

  • Forel, A. 1891c. Les Formicides. [part]. In: Grandidier, A. Histoire physique, naturelle, et politique de Madagascar. Volume XX. Histoire naturelle des Hyménoptères. Deuxième partie (28e fascicule). Paris: Hachette et Cie, v + 237 pp. (page 182, pl. 6, fig. 2 worker, queen described)
  • Forel, A. 1910a. Glanures myrmécologiques. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 54: 6-32 (page 18, Combination in C. (Decacrema))
  • Forel, A. 1910e. Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise im westlichen und zentralen Südafrika ausgeführt in den Jahren 1903-1905 von Dr. Leonhard Schultze. Vierter Band. Systematik und Tiergeographie. D) Formicidae. Denkschr. M (page 9, Combination in C. (Decacrema))

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Fisher B. L. 1996. Ant diversity patterns along an elevational gradient in the Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andringitra, Madagascar. Fieldiana Zoology (n.s.)85: 93-108
  • Fisher B. L. 1997. Biogeography and ecology of the ant fauna of Madagascar (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 31: 269-302.
  • Fisher B. L. 1999. Ant diversity patterns along an elevational gradient in the Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andohahela, Madagascar. Fieldiana Zoology (n.s.)94: 129-147
  • Fisher B. L. 2003. Formicidae, ants. Pp. 811-819 in: Goodman, S. M.; Benstead, J. P. (eds.) 2003. The natural history of Madagascar. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, xxi + 1709 pp.
  • Forel A. 1904. Note sur les fourmis du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences à St. Pétersbourg. Ezheg. Zool. Muz. 8: 368-388.
  • Forel A. 1907. Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse. Reise in Ostafrika 2: 75-92.
  • Soulié J., and L. D. Dicko. 1965. La répartition des genres de fourmis de la tribu des "Cremastogastrini" dans la faune éthiopienne et malgache. Hymenoptera - Formicoidea - Myrmicidae. Ann. Univ. Abidjan Sér. Sci. 1: 85-106.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. IX. A synonymic list of the ants of the Malagasy region. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 1005-1055