Crematogaster subdentata

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Crematogaster subdentata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. subdentata
Binomial name
Crematogaster subdentata
Mayr, 1877

Crematogaster subdentata antweb1008065 p 1 high.jpg

Crematogaster subdentata antweb1008065 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


Stukalyuk (2015) Abstract - A population of Crematogaster subdentata, a potentially invasive species of ants, which is new for the Crimea, was found in the village of Mykhailivka (Saky district, the Crimea, Ukraine). This species appears to be brought into the Crimea from Central Asia. The invasion began 9-12 years ago. The following ecological-ethological features characterizing the C. subdentata habitation in the region studied are described: the density of colonies related to the time of the invasion, the structure of forage areas, and the cycle of diurnal activity. Four colonies of this species were recorded; they differed in the age and structure of the forage areas. The species C. subdentata may be considered as a potentially dangerous invasive species, which is able to damage forests, parks and gardens, as well as wooden constructions.

Pashaei Rad et al. (2018) found this species in Iran on parkland ground and trees in a moderate rainfall area.

At a Glance • Limited invasive  



Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 44.82° to 30.343611°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: Nepal.
Palaearctic Region: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, China, Georgia, Iran, Kazakhstan (type locality), Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Russian Federation, Turkey, Turkmenistan (type locality), Ukraine.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.


Association with Other Organisms

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  • This species is associated with the aphids Aphis craccivora, Cinara pini, Periphyllus bulgaricus and Tuberculatus maximus (Saddiqui et al., 2019 and included references).



Images from AntWeb

Crematogaster subdentata casent0910242 h 1 high.jpgCrematogaster subdentata casent0910242 p 1 high.jpgCrematogaster subdentata casent0910242 d 1 high.jpgCrematogaster subdentata casent0910242 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0910242. Photographer Alexandra Westrich, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by CAS, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Crematogaster subdentata casent0902140 h 1 high.jpgCrematogaster subdentata casent0902140 p 1 high.jpgCrematogaster subdentata casent0902140 d 1 high.jpgCrematogaster subdentata casent0902140 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Crematogaster subdentataWorker. Specimen code casent0902140. Photographer Ryan Perry, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMUK, London, UK.
Crematogaster subdentata antweb1008065 h 2 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code antweb1008065. Photographer Elham Kashani, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by ULM, Universität Ulm, Ulm, Germany.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • subdentata. Crematogaster subdentata Mayr, 1877: 19 (w.q.) UZBEKISTAN, TURKMENISTAN.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-localities: Uzbekistan: Sarafshan (= Zarafshan) (A. Fedtschenko), Turkmenistan: Bairakum, Kisil Kum (A. Fedtschenko).
    • Type-depository: NHMW.
    • [Also described as new by Mayr, 1880: 39.]
    • Forel, 1904b: 372 (m.).
    • Combination in C. (Acrocoelia): Emery, 1922e: 144;
    • combination in C. (Crematogaster): Bolton, 1995b: 166.
    • Status as species: Mayr, 1879: 682 (in key); Mayr, 1880: 39; André, 1883b: 393 (in key); Mayr, 1889: 280; Dalla Torre, 1893: 87; Ruzsky, 1902d: 31; Ruzsky, 1903b: 316; Forel, 1904b: 372; Ruzsky, 1905b: 498; Karavaiev, 1910b: 47; Emery, 1912e: 664; Emery, 1922e: 144; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1923: 251; Ruzsky, 1923: 3; Karavaiev, 1926b: 109; Stärcke, 1935: 263; Menozzi, 1939a: 301 (in key); Collingwood, 1961a: 64; Pisarski, 1967: 390; Pisarski, 1970: 308; Tarbinsky, 1976: 78 (redescription); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 538 (in key); Dlussky, 1981a: 17; Pisarski & Krzysztofiak, 1981: 157; Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990: 246; Arakelian, 1994: 45; Bolton, 1995b: 163; Collingwood & Heatwole, 2000: 8; Schultz, R. et al. 2006: 206; Pfeiffer, et al. 2007: 4; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 138; Paknia, et al. 2008: 154; Borowiec, M.L. et al. 2009: 378; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 43; Borowiec, L. 2014: 69 (see note in bibliography); Radchenko, 2016: 265; Bračko, 2019: 170; Khalili-Moghadam, et al. 2019: 171.
    • Senior synonym of flavicapilla: Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990: 246; Radchenko, 2016: 265.
    • Material of the unavailable name scabrida referred here by Arakelian, 1994: 45.
    • [Note: Emery, 1922e: 144, suggests subdentata is a possible senior synonym of apicalis Smith, F. 1878b: 12.]
    • Distribution: Armenia, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus kaschgariensis, kuznetzovi.
  • flavicapilla. Crematogaster subdentata var. flavicapilla Ruzsky, 1905b: 502 (w.) TURKMENISTAN.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Turkmenistan: Merv, 21.iv.1904 (B.M Zhitkov).
    • Type-depository: ZMUM.
    • Combination in C. (Acrocoelia): Emery, 1922e: 144.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1912e: 665.
    • Subspecies of subdentata: Emery, 1922e: 144; Bolton, 1995b: 153 (error).
    • Junior synonym of subdentata: Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990: 246; Radchenko, 2016: 265.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Collingwood C., and H. Heatwole. 2000. Ants from Northwestern China (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Psyche 103 (1-2): 1-24.
  • Dlussky G. M., O. S. Soyunov, and S. I. Zabelin. 1990. Ants of Turkmenistan. Ashkabad: Ylym Press, 273 pp.
  • Gratiashvili N., Barjadze S. 2008. Checklist of the ants (Formicidae Latreille, 1809) of Georgia. Proceedings of the Institute of Zoology (Tbilisi) 23: 130-146.
  • Gulzar A. 2014. Classification and Distribution of ants in Kashgar, Xinjiang. Master's Thesis Shaanxi Normal University, 75 pages.
  • Guénard B., and R. R. Dunn. 2012. A checklist of the ants of China. Zootaxa 3558: 1-77.
  • Kaplin V. G. 1989. On the fauna and ecology of ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in the Repetek Biosphere Reserve (eastern Karakum). Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Turkmenskoi SSR. Seriya Biologicheskikh Nauk 1989(3): 40-47.
  • Karavaiev V. 1911. Ameisen aus Transkaspien und Turkestan. Tr. Rus. Entomol. Obshch. 39: 1-72.
  • Karavaiev V. 1926. Beiträge zur Ameisenfauna des Kaukasus, nebst einigen Bemerkungen über andere palaearktische Formen. Konowia 5: 93-109.
  • Khalili-Moghadam A., L. Borowiec, and A. Nemati. 2019. New records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from the Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari Province of Iran with taxonomic comments. Polish Journal of Entomology 88 (2): 163–182.
  • Marikovsky P. I. 1979. Ants of the Semireche Desert. [In Russian.]. Alma Ata: Nauka, 263 pp.
  • Mortazavi Z. S., H. Sadeghi, N. Aktac, L. Depa, L. Fekrat. 2015. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and their aphid partners (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Mashhad region, Razavi Khorasan Province, with new records of aphids and ant species for fauna of Iran. Halteres 6:4-12.
  • Paknia O., A. Radchenko, H. Alipanah, and M. Pfeiffer. 2008. A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran. Myrmecological News 11: 151-159.
  • Pashaei Rad S., B. Taylor, R. Torabi, E. Aram, G. Abolfathi, R. Afshari, F. Borjali, M. Ghatei, F. Hediary, F. Jazini, V. Heidary Kiah, Z. Mahmoudi, F. Safariyan, and M. Seiri. 2018. Further records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 64(2): 145-159.
  • Pisarski B. 1967. Ameisen (Formicidae) von Dr. J. Klapperich in Afghanistan gesammelt. Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 37: 47-51.
  • Pisarski B. 1967. Fourmis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) d'Afghanistan récoltées par M. Dr. K. Lindberg. Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 24: 375-425.
  • Ruzsky, M. 1923. Ants of Cheleken Island. Izv. Tomsk. Gos. Univ. 72(2nd p part: 1-6
  • Schultz, R., A. G. Radchenko, and B. Seifert. "A critical checklist of the ants of Kyrgyzstan (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)." Myrmecologische Nachrichten 8 (2006): 201-207.
  • Yamane S. 2007. Ants of Mongolia. The Nature and Insects. 42: 20-25