Crematogaster vacca

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Crematogaster vacca
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. vacca
Binomial name
Crematogaster vacca
Forel, 1911

Crematogaster vacca casent0908465 p 1 high.jpg

Crematogaster vacca casent0908465 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


Nothing is known about the biology of Crematogaster vacca.


This species is easily distinguished from Crematogaster difformis and its subspecies by the well developed propodeal spines.

Keys including this Species


Known from Malay Peninsula and Borneo.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • vacca. Crematogaster deformis subsp. vacca Forel, 1911d: 384 (w.) WEST MALAYSIA. Raised to species and senior synonym of detritinodis, stethogompha: Hosoishi & Ogata, 2009b: 30.
  • detritinodis. Crematogaster (Physocrema) stethogompha var. detritinodis Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 77 (w.) BORNEO. Junior synonym of vacca: Hosoishi & Ogata, 2009b: 30.
  • stethogompha. Crematogaster (Physocrema) stethogompha Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 75 (w.) BORNEO. Junior synonym of vacca: Hosoishi & Ogata, 2009b: 30.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Hosoishi and Ogata (2009) - HW 1.09–1.62; HL 1.03–1.46; CI 106–111; SL 0.91–1.14; SI 70–83; EL 0.20–0.26; PW 0.64–0.84; WL 1.32–1.76; PSL 0.16–0.18; PtL 0.41–0.54; PtW 0.37–0.42; PtH 0.23–0.30; PpL 0.23–0.30; PpW 0.30–0.42; PtHI 56–57; PtWI 78–90; PpWI 129–140; WI 81–100 (Three workers measured).

Workers with pronounced size polymorphism.

Scape not reaching posterior corner of head in large workers.

In lateral view, pronotum and mesonotum forming a single convexity; propodeum distinctly raised relative to promesonotum. Anterior margin of pronotal collar slightly concave in dorsal view. Metanotal groove convex posteriorly in dorsal view, deep and situated posteriorly to the posterior ridge of pronotum in lateral view; thorax not strongly constricted in middle in dorsal view. In dorsal view, many longitudinal rugulae connecting between mesonotum and propodeum; but the boundary distinct. Propodeal spiracle situated away from the metapleural gland orifice, the distance between them much greater than the propodeal spiracle diameter. Propodeal spines present.

Postpetiole slightly bilobed behind without longitudinal median sulcus.

Clypeus sculptured with longitudinal rugulae. Reticulate rugulae on dorsal face of head, pronotum, mesonotum and propodeum.

Standing pilosity sparse on dorsal face of head and mesosoma. Dorsal face of head with appressed setae.

Fourth abdominal tergite with a few erect setae and abundant appressed setae.

Body color dark brown to black.

Type Material

Hosoishi and Ogata (2009) - LECTOTYPE worker (by present designation) from MALAYSIA: Berhentian Tingi, Nigri Sembilan, Malacca (R. Martin) (Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève) [examined]. The name on the labels of the type specimen,“ Crematogaster stethogompha laevinodis” does not correspond to the name “Crematogaster stethogompha detritinodis” used in Wheeler’s description. He presumably changed the name between the time the labels were prepared and the manuscript submitted.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Chapman, J. W., and Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monogr. Inst. Sci. Technol. Manila 1: 1-327
  • Hosoichi S., and K. Ogata. 2009. A taxonomic revision of the Asian endemic subgenus Physocrema of the genus Crematogaster (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 2062: 15-36.
  • Hosoishi S. and K. Ogata. 2009. A check list of the ant genus Crematogaster in Asia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bull. Inst. Trop. Agr. Kyushu Univ. 32: 43-83.
  • Pfeiffer M.; Mezger, D.; Hosoishi, S.; Bakhtiar, E. Y.; Kohout, R. J. 2011. The Formicidae of Borneo (Insecta: Hymenoptera): a preliminary species list. Asian Myrmecology 4:9-58
  • Wheeler W. M. 1919. The ants of Borneo. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 63:43-147.
  • Yamane S., T. Itino, and A.R. Nona. 1996. Ground ant fauna in a Bornean dipterocarp forest. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 44(1): 253-262.