Crematogaster vicina

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Crematogaster vicina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. vicina
Binomial name
Crematogaster vicina
André, 1893

Crematogaster vicina casent0625388 p 1 high.jpg

Crematogaster vicina casent0625388 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

I cannot distinguish this species from Crematogaster torosa on morphological grounds. It appears to be the only Crematogaster crinosa complex species on Jamaica, and it is very abundant there. The workers build large, completely exposed carton nests that wrap around relatively narrow gauge stems on small trees. This nesting behavior is unique and highly distinctive within the crinosa complex. All other crinosa complex nests I have seen have been in dead wood, with at most small carton baffles around nest entrances and forming partitions inside the nest. Thus the population has been on Jamaica long enough to evolve this distinctive nesting behavior or retained a primitive nesting behavior that has been lost everywhere else. (Longino 2003)


At a Glance • Polygynous  

 

Identification

A Crematogaster crinosa-complex species.

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 18.0825° to 17.9396°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Greater Antilles, Jamaica (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Life History Traits

  • Queen number: polygynous (Frumhoff & Ward, 1992)

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • vicina. Crematogaster vicina André, 1893b: 151 (w.) JAMAICA.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Jamaica: Moneague (T.D.A. Cockerell).
    • Type-depository: MNHN.
    • Wheeler, W.M. 1917g: 461 (q.m.).
    • Combination in C. (Orthocrema): Emery, 1922e: 134.
    • Subspecies of brevispinosa: Forel, 1912f: 212; Wheeler, W.M. 1917g: 460 Emery, 1922e: 134; Kempf, 1972a: 86; Bolton, 1995b: 165.
    • Status as species: Wheeler, W.M. 1905b: 126; Wheeler, W.M. 1908b: 161; Longino, 2003a: 129.
    • Senior synonym of wighti: Wheeler, W.M. 1917g: 461 (in text); Bolton, 1995b: 165; Longino, 2003a: 129.
    • Distribution: Jamaica.
  • wighti. Crematogaster vicina var. wighti Wheeler, W.M. 1908b: 161 (w.) JAMAICA.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Jamaica: St Margaret’s Bay, 26.ii.1906 (A.E. Wight).
    • Type-depositories: AMNH, MCZC.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Forel, 1912f: 212; Emery, 1922e: 134; Kempf, 1972a: 86.
    • Junior synonym of vicina: Wheeler, W.M. 1917g: 461 (in text); Bolton, 1995b: 165; Longino, 2003a: 129.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Type Material

Longino (2003) - Syntype worker: Jamaica, Montego Bay (M. Cockerell).

References


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • André E. 1893. Description de quatre espèces nouvelles de fourmis d'Amérique. Rev. Entomol. (Caen) 12: 148-152.
  • Forel A. 1912. Formicides néotropiques. Part III. 3me sous-famille Myrmicinae (suite). Genres Cremastogaster et Pheidole. Mémoires de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. 19: 211-237.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Longino, J.T. 2003. The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica. Zootaxa 151:1-150
  • Wheeler W. M. 1905. The ants of the Bahamas, with a list of the known West Indian species. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 21: 79-135.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1908. The ants of Jamaica. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 24: 159-163.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1917. Jamaican ants collected by Prof. C. T. Brues. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 61: 457-471.