Crematogaster wellmani

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Crematogaster wellmani
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. wellmani
Binomial name
Crematogaster wellmani
Forel, 1909

Crematogaster wellmani casent0193751 p 1 high.jpg

Crematogaster wellmani casent0193751 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

Identification

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 6.15° to -17.93333°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Angola (type locality), Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Sierra Leone, Zimbabwe.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • wellmani. Crematogaster wellmani Forel, 1909b: 64 (w.) ANGOLA.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Angola: Benguela (C. Wellman).
    • Type-depository: MHNG.
    • [Misspelled as welmani by Santschi, 1916b: 500, and others.]
    • Santschi, 1916b: 500 (q.).
    • Combination in C. (Atopogyne): Santschi, 1916b: 500;
    • combination in C. (Acrocoelia): Emery, 1922e: 149;
    • combination in C. (Sphaerocrema): Santschi, 1926b: 218.
    • Status as species: Santschi, 1910c: 376; Forel, 1910e: 433; Santschi, 1916b: 500; Arnold, 1920a: 545; Emery, 1922e: 149; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 857; Menozzi, 1926a: 39; Santschi, 1926b: 218; Santschi, 1937d: 227; Menozzi, 1942: 168; Bolton, 1995b: 165; Hita Garcia, et al. 2013: 211.
    • Senior synonym of boxi: Bolton, 1995b: 165.
    • Senior synonym of dewasi: Bolton, 1995b: 165.
    • Senior synonym of retusa: Bolton, 1995b: 165.
    • Distribution: Angola, Cameroon, Congo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Zimbabwe.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus luciae, weissi.
  • boxi. Crematogaster (Sphaerocrema) boxi Donisthorpe, 1945a: 10 (w.) GHANA.
    • Type-material: 8 syntype workers.
    • Type-locality: Ghana (“Gold Coast”): N Ashanti, 20 mi. N Wenchi, 15.v.1944, in pods of Sterculia tomentosa (H.E. Box).
    • Type-depository: BMNH.
    • Status as species: Donisthorpe, 1945d: 265.
    • Junior synonym of wellmani: Bolton, 1995b: 149.
  • dewasi. Sphaerocrema dewasi Bruneau de Miré, 1966: 240, fig. (w.) CAMEROON.
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality: Cameroon: Mampang (P. Burneau de Miré).
    • Type-depository: MNHN.
    • Junior synonym of wellmani: Bolton, 1995b: 152.
  • retusa. Crematogaster (Atopogyne) wellmani st. retusa Santschi, 1916b: 500 (w.q.m.) ZIMBABWE.
    • Type-material: syntype workers, syntype queens, syntype males (numbers not stated).
    • Type-locality: Zimbabwe (“Rhodesia”): Victoria Falls (G. Arnold).
    • Type-depository: NHMB.
    • Combination in C. (Acrocoelia): Emery, 1922e: 149;
    • combination in C. (Sphaerocrema): Santschi, 1926b: 219.
    • Subspecies of wellmani: Arnold, 1920a: 545; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 858; Emery, 1922e: 149; Santschi, 1926b: 219; Menozzi, 1942: 168.
    • Junior synonym of wellmani: Bolton, 1995b: 161.

Description

References

  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 165, Senior synonym of boxi, dewasi and retusa)
  • Emery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B: 95-206 (page 149, Combination in C. (Acrocoelia))
  • Forel, A. 1909b. Fourmis du Musée de Bruxelles. Fourmis de Benguela récoltées par M. Creighton Wellman, et fourmis du Congo récoltées par MM. Luja, Kohl et Laurent. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 53: 51-73 (page 64, worker described)
  • Santschi, F. 1916b [1915]. Descriptions de fourmis nouvelles d'Afrique et d'Amérique. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 84: 497-513 (page 500, queen described)
  • Santschi, F. 1916b [1915]. Descriptions de fourmis nouvelles d'Afrique et d'Amérique. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 84: 497-513 (page 500, Combination in C. (Atopogyne))
  • Santschi, F. 1926b. Description de nouveaux Formicides éthiopiens (IIIme partie). Rev. Zool. Afr. (Bruss.) 13: 207-267 (page 218, Combination in C. (Sphaerocrema))

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Adenuga A. O. 1975. Mutualistic association between ants and some Homoptera - its significance in cocoa production. Psyche 82: 24-28.
  • Borowiec L., and S. Salata. 2018. Notes on ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Gambia (Western Africa). Annals of the Upper Silesian Museum in Bytom Entomology 26: 1-13.
  • Delage-Darchen B. 1971. Contribution à l'étude écologique d'une savane de Côte d'Ivoire (Lamto). Les fourmis des strates herbacée et arborée. Biologia Gabonica 7: 461-496.
  • Donisthorpe H. 1945. New and rare species of Crematogaster Lund (Hym. Formicidae) from the Gold Coast, etc. Entomologist 78: 10-11.
  • Donisthorpe H. 1945. On a small collection of ants (Hym., Formicidae) from West Africa, associated with Coccidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (11)12: 265-273.
  • Garcia F.H., Wiesel E. and Fischer G. 2013.The Ants of Kenya (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)—Faunal Overview, First Species Checklist, Bibliography, Accounts for All Genera, and Discussion on Taxonomy and Zoogeography. Journal of East African Natural History, 101(2): 127-222
  • Hita Garcia, F., G. Fischer, M.K. Peters, R.R. Snelling and H.W. Wagele. 2009. A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Kakamega Forest (Kenya). Journal of East African Natural HIstory 98(2): 147-165.
  • IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection
  • Majer J. D. 1976. The ant mosaic in Ghana cocoa farms: further structural considerations. Journal of Applied Ecology 13: 145-155.
  • Medler J. T. 1980: Insects of Nigeria - Check list and bibliography. Mem. Amer. Ent. Inst. 30: i-vii, 1-919.
  • Ross S. R. P. J., F. Hita Garcia, G. Fischer, and M. K. Peters. 2018. Selective logging intensity in an East African rain forest predicts reductions in ant diversity. Biotropica 1-11.
  • Santschi F. 1910. Formicides nouveaux ou peu connus du Congo français. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 78: 349-400.
  • Santschi F. 1937. Résultats de la Mission scientifique suisse en Angola (2me voyage) 1932-1933. Fourmis angolaises. Revue Suisse de Zoologie. 44: 211-250.
  • Taylor B. 1979. Ants of the Nigerian Forest Zone (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). III. Myrmicinae (Cardiocondylini to Meranoplini). Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria Research Bulletin 6: 1-65.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 711-1004