Cryptopone sauteri

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Cryptopone sauteri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Cryptopone
Species: C. sauteri
Binomial name
Cryptopone sauteri
(Wheeler, W.M., 1906)


Common Name
Togezune-hari-ari
Language: Japanese

This species nests in rotting wood and leaf litter in forests. Colony size is relatively large compared to other Japanese ponerine ants. C. sauteri is a predator of dipterous and coleopterous larvae (Murata, 1988). It is commonly collected in appropriate sites (Japanese Ant Image Database).

Identification

Worker. Total length of workers around 3.5 - 4 mm. Color yellow to yellowish brown. Body covered thickly with golden hairs. Mandibles with 9 or 10 teeth. Dorsal outline of clypeus gently sloping in lateral view. Subpetiolar process developed, subtriangular and with an angled ventral tip.


Photo Gallery

  • Full-face view of worker of Cyptopoone sauteri. Photo by Minsoo Dong.

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 38.30444444° to 30.359°.

   
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: China, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, Japan (type locality), Republic of Korea.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

This species nests in rotting wood and leaf litter in forests. Colony size is relatively large compared to other Korean ponerine ants.

Yamaguchi et al. (2017) studied life history details of this species in Niigata Prefecture, Japan. The area (37 05´N, 138 37´E) was a mixed deciduous and coniferous forest. Winters snowfall and cold temperatures restrict ant activity to the warmer months of the year. Dead branches, where C. sauteri nest were collected every two weeks between May and November in 2008 and 2009, and their demographic attributes recorded.

Sixty percent of the 331 nests found were queenless, with the number of mated queens, when present, increasing into the fall. This suggests seasonal polydomy. Unmated queens were also present, and relatively abundant, but did not change in number with time of year.

Alates were present in August and September, which suggests fall mating flights. All queens were winged. Worker numbers increased in the fall, suggesting workers and sexuals were produced together. Larvae were collected throughout the year but decreased toward the fall. Pupae were found between July and September. This suggests workers and alates emerge just once a year. Eggs were found only during three nest collection periods. Egg laying by queens was not determined but mated queens with a developed ovary were collected between May and November (Yamaguchi et al., 2016), suggesting that they lay eggs over the months.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • sauteri. Pachycondyla (Pseudoponera) sauteri Wheeler, W.M. 1906c: 304, pl. 41, fig. 6 (w.q.) JAPAN.
    • Type-material: syntype workers, syntype queens (numbers not stated, “a number”).
    • Type-localities: Japan: Yamanaka, Suruga, 1700 ft, 25.iii.1905, under stones (H. Sauter), and Japan: Takakiyama, Sagami Gulf, nr Kanagawa, 15.iv.1905 (H. Sauter).
    • Type-depository: MCZC.
    • Ogata, 1987: 118 (m.); Imai & Kubota, 1972: 194 (k.).
    • Combination in Euponera (Pseudoponera): Emery, 1909c: 365;
    • combination in Euponera (Trachymesopus): Wheeler, W.M. 1928d: 98; Teranishi, 1940: 8;
    • combination in Cryptopone: Brown, 1963: 6.
    • Status as species: Emery, 1909c: 365; Yano, 1910: 418; Emery, 1911d: 86; Wheeler, W.M. 1928d: 98; Santschi, 1937h: 363; Teranishi, 1940: 8; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 74; Azuma, 1951: 86; Azuma, 1953: 2; Azuma, 1977: 112; Onoyama, 1980: 196; Morisita, et al. 1989: 21; Bolton, 1995b: 167; Kim, Kim & Kim, 1998: 148; Zhou, 2001b: 35; Imai, et al. 2003: 216; Radchenko, 2005b: 130; Zhou, 2006: 580; Zhou & Ran, 2010: 103; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 58.
    • Distribution: China, Japan, North Korea, South Korea.

Description

Karyotype

  • n = 14, 2n = 28, karyotype = 24A + 4M (Japan) (Imai & Yosida, 1964; Imai, 1969; Imai & Kubota, 1972; Mariano et al., 2015).

References

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