Discothyrea patrizii

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Discothyrea patrizii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Proceratiinae
Tribe: Proceratiini
Genus: Discothyrea
Species group: traegaordhi
Species: D. patrizii
Binomial name
Discothyrea patrizii
Weber, 1949

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Discothyrea patrizii type had.jpg

Specimen Labels

Identification

The following character combination distinguishes D. patrizii from the remainder of the complex: standing pilosity absent from mesosoma and abdominal terga; propodeum without strong angles or denticles; eyes present, relatively large, and round (OI 5–8); in dorsal view mesosoma relatively slender (DMI 52–58; DMI2 78–87) and moderately narrowed posteriorly; in profile mesosomal outline comparatively flat; mesotibia without apicoventral spur; petiolar node strongly attenuated dorsally (DPeI 314–489; LPeI 314–467); sculpture generally reduced, declivitous face of propodeum without foveolae; color highly variable: unicolorous matte orange to very deep brown with yellowish appendages.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Kenya (type locality), United Republic of Tanzania.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Discothyrea patrizii is known from montane forests in Kenya and Tanzania where it usually occurs at high elevations between around 1600 m and 1800 m, though a few specimens have been collected both lower and higher than this range. Based on collection techniques it likely inhabits leaf litter.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • patrizii. Discothyrea patrizzii Weber, 1949b: 2, fig. (w.q.) KENYA. Justified emendation of spelling to patrizii: Brown, 1958g: 253.

Description

Head conspicuously longer than broad (CI 78–87), posterior head margin straight to convex, posterodorsal corners of head broadly rounded; sides of head in frontal view gently subparallel to convex posterad eyes, very slightly concave between eyes and anterolateral corner of gena; eyes present, relatively large (OI 5–8), round, comprising several ommatidia, placed about a third of the way between anterolateral corner of gena and posterior head margin; eyes visible in frontal view; frontal lamella fairly short and triangular in profile, apex rounded to acute; lamella more or less evenly translucent across its disc, sometimes with a thinner basal spot, but lacking a distinct fenestra; medial clypeus convex, lateral clypeus curving broadly between antennal sockets and anterolateral corners of head, bearing short, curved setae. Antenna with shorter to moderately long scape (SI 50–58), scape slightly expanded apically, very gently bent; pedicel campaniform, slightly longer than broad; true antennomere count eight; apparent antennomere count seven to ten, flagellomeres basad apical club highly compressed, taken together only about as long as apical club. Ventral head with narrowly carinulate, V-shaped preoccipital ridge without anteromedian carina; medial area of hypostoma triangular, arms slightly narrowed, similar in width across their length; palpal formula not examined. Mandible edentate except for small, curved prebasal denticle; occasionally a slight preapical swelling present; basal angle rounded; ectal face with weak carina running from about midway between basal angle and prebasal denticle or mandibular apex, becoming confluent with masticatory margin around halfway along its length, leaving a short, comma-shaped depressed area.

Mesosoma sloping posteroventrally, pronotum clearly higher than propodeum; in dorsal view mesosoma relatively slender (DMI 52–58; DMI2 78–87) and moderately narrowed posteriorly, pronotum somewhat wider than propodeum; pronotal humeri rounded; posterior propodeal margin straight; posterodorsal corners of propodeum rounded angulate but not denticulate; declivitous face of propodeum slightly to moderately concave in profile and oblique posterior view; propodeal spiracle small but sometimes distinct (more so in darker morphs), directed posterolaterally; propodeal lobes well-developed, flangelike.

Legs short to intermediate in length (HFI 54–63) and somewhat narrow; mesotibia without apicoventral spur; mesobasitarsus fairly short, subequal in length to tarsomeres II–IV taken together.

Petiolar node attenuated dorsally, somewhat variable in shape, about 2.9 to 3.8 times higher than long (LPeI 286–383); in profile anterior face of node convex, apex peaked, somewhat rounded to subacute, posterior face posteroventrally sloping to subvertical; in dorsal view, node rectangular, about 3.0 to 3.8 times broader than long (DPeI 300–383), sides subparallel to slightly divergent posteriorly; in anterior view, petiolar outline pentagonal, angles well-rounded; in oblique anterodorsal view, anterior face flat; subpetiolar process variable in shape, dentate to broadly lobate, apex acute to rounded.

Abdominal segment 3 campaniform, widest just anterad end of segment; tergite slightly anteriorly prolonged over petiole; sternite evenly curved to posteriorly bulging in profile (deepest point at around or slightly posterad longitudinal midline); AS3 without median ridge, without carinate prora, but anterior face still depressed, anterior margin of ventral face flat to weakly concave in ventral view; AT3 and AT4 approximately equal in length, or AT4 only slightly (about 1.2 times) longer than AT3 (ASI 100–115); AT4 gently recurved, hemidemispherical; AS4 with poorly developed anterior lip, overlapping slightly more than half the width of AS3, anterior margin straight in ventral view; successive abdominal segments short, telescopic, often concealed.

Sculpture on head, mesosoma, and petiole very finely, shallowly punctulate, often appearing colliculate or even scabriculous in darker morphs; punctulae on lateral mesosoma becoming reticulate to substrigulate; declivitous face of propodeum predominantly smooth; mandibles similarly sculptured to head, somewhat shining between piligerous punctulae; abdominal segment 3 with coarser, more distinct punctae, similarly distributed on tergite and sternite; AT4 with minute but distinct, very densely arranged piligerous punctae, clearly shinier than AT3.

Setation mostly consisting of appressed white pubescence, of similar density on head and mesosomal dorsum, generally longer and denser on gastral terga, more dilute on lateral mesosoma and lateral portions of abdominal terga; setae on head often inclined towards the longitudinal midline; ectal face of mandible with moderately long, fine, appressed to decumbent setae; masticatory margin with row of straight, stout setae; occasionally a few short decumbent to erect hairs present on dorsal surfaces, particularly of AT3; appearance of setation highly variable between color morphs: in light individuals pubescence inconspicuous, while very distinct on dark individuals; abdominal segments 5 through 7 with long, flexuous standing setae. Appendages with well-developed, evenly distributed appressed pubescence.

Color highly variable: unicolorous matte orange to very deep brown with yellowish appendages.

References