This ground-nesting species forms large colonies and forages on low vegetation for arthropod prey and honeydew.
- 1 Photo Gallery
- 2 Identification
- 3 Distribution
- 4 Biology
- 5 Castes
- 6 Nomenclature
- 7 References
Identification Keys including this Taxon
Reported from Massachusetts west through Illinois to Minnesota and Oklahoma, and south to Florida and Mississippi.
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
Can be locally abundant but populations can be spotty, particularly in the southern most portions of its range.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- mariae. Dolichoderus mariae Forel, 1885a: 349 (w.) U.S.A. Mayr, 1886d: 436 (q.); Wheeler, W.M. 1905d: 306 (m.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1966: 726 (l.). Combination in D. (Hypoclinea): Emery, 1894c: 229. Senior synonym of blatchleyi, davisi: Creighton, 1950a: 334. See also: Smith, D.R. 1979: 1415; Johnson, C. 1989a: 2; Mackay, 1993b: 75; Shattuck, 1994: 58.
- davisi. Dolichoderus mariae subsp. davisi Wheeler, W.M. 1905d: 308 (w.) U.S.A. Junior synonym of mariae: Creighton, 1950a: 334.
- blatchleyi. Dolichoderus (Hypoclinea) mariae var. blatchleyi Wheeler, W.M. 1917i: 462 (w.) U.S.A. Junior synonym of mariae: Creighton, 1950a: 334.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Johnson (1989) - The species is basically bicolored. The mandibles, antennae, head, alitrunk, legs, and petiole are brownish-orange and the first segment of the gaster has a variable, anterior band of this lighter color. The remainder of the gaster is dark brown to black. Intensity of color varies from callow age to maturity in ants and somewhat through time for museum specimens. I have seen museum specimens of Dolichoderus over 50 years of age, however, with essentially the same color as found in recently collected material. Also color interpretation varies. Wheeler (1905a) described this species as "... yellowish blood-red, and gaster black", and also as "...bright-red and blue-black bodies".
Structurally, a fine granulation sculptures the integument of head, pro- and mesothorax, and faint depressions or foveolae also occur on the head. This sculpture is weak, leaving a superficially smooth, shining surface under low to moderate magnification. A more distinct granulation sculptures the propodeum where a network of delicate ridges enclose shallow polygon-like depressions. This sculpture is weak leaving a shining propodeum in strong light. The integument of petiole and especially the gaster is smooth and reflective. No erect hairs exist on head, scapes, or body, one of the more distinctive attributes of this species. In dorsal view, the length of the propodeum distinctly exceeds its width. The integument within the concavity of the declivous face of propodeum with a series of fine vertical ridges or striations; some specimens have a distinct, centrally-located vertical ridge. A delicate granulation within the concavity reduces reflectivity often to a near-opaque state.
Type locality - Vineland, New Jersey.
- Creighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 104: 1-585 (page 334, senior synonym of blatchleyi and davisi)
- Dubovikoff, D.A., Cornado-Blanco, J.M. 2017. A review of the ant genus Dolichoderus Lund, 1831 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae: Dolichoderinae) of Mexico. Entomological Review 97: 1321-1331.
- Emery, C. 1894d. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. VI-XVI. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 26: 137-241 (page 229, Combination in D. (Hypoclinea))
- Forel, A. 1885a . Études myrmécologiques en 1884 avec une description des organes sensoriels des antennes. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 20: 316-380 (page 349, worker described)
- Johnson, C. 1989a. Identification and nesting sites of North American species of Dolichoderus Lund (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Insecta Mundi 3: 1-9 (page 2, see also)
- MacKay, W. P. 1993b. A review of the New World ants of the genus Dolichoderus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 22: 1-148 (page 75, see also)
- Mayr, G. 1886d. Die Formiciden der Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 36: 419-464 (page 436, queen described)
- Shattuck, S. O. 1994. Taxonomic catalog of the ant subfamilies Aneuretinae and Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Univ. Calif. Publ. Entomol. 112:i-xix, 1-241. (page 58, see also)
- Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V., Hurd, P. D., Smith, D. R., Burks, B. D. (eds.) Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Pr (page 1415, see also)
- Talbot, M. 1956. Flight activities of the ant Dolichoderus (Hypoclinea) mariae Forel. Psyche 63:134-139.
- Tschinkel, W.R. 2015. The architecture of subterranean ant nests: beauty and mystery underfoot. Journal of Bioeconomics 17:271–291 (DOI 10.1007/s10818-015-9203-6).
- Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1966. Ant larva of the subfamily Dolichoderinae: supplement. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 59: 726-732 (page 726, larva described)
- Wheeler, W. M. 1905g. The North American ants of the genus Dolichoderus. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 21: 305-319 (page 306, male described)