Dolichoderus monoceros

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Dolichoderus monoceros
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Tribe: Dolichoderini
Genus: Dolichoderus
Species: D. monoceros
Binomial name
Dolichoderus monoceros
Emery, 1897

Dolichoderus monoceros casent0905010 p 1 high.jpg

Dolichoderus monoceros casent0905010 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Nothing is known about the biology of Dolichoderus monoceros.


One of two species that comprise the Dolichoderus monoceros species group. These ants are readily recognizable by the large cone shaped structure on their propodeum. The two species in this group can be differentiated by the following:

  • Head an alitrunk coarsely sculptured, matte; shoulder-corners of pronotum expanded to small cones . . . . . Dolichoderus tricornis
  • Head and alitrunk shiny, not coarsely sculptured; pronotum shoulder-corners not expanded to cones . . . . . Dolichoderus monoceros


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -5.43751° to -9.483329773°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: New Guinea (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




Images from AntWeb

Dolichoderus monoceros casent0906225 h 1 high.jpgDolichoderus monoceros casent0906225 p 1 high.jpgDolichoderus monoceros casent0906225 d 1 high.jpgDolichoderus monoceros casent0906225 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0906225. Photographer Estella Ortega, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMUK, London, UK.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • monoceros. Dolichoderus monoceros Emery, 1897d: 570, pl. 1, fig. 16 (w.) NEW GUINEA. Combination in D. (Hypoclinea): Emery, 1913a: 13; in D. (Monoceratoclinea): Wheeler, W.M. 1935c: 68.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


Type Material

Dill (2002) - Workers, N. Guinea, S. E. Hughibagu (Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève, Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa)


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • CSIRO Collection
  • Dill M. 2002. Taxonomy of the migrating herdsmen species of the genus Dolichoderus Lund, 1831, with remarks on the systematics of other southeast-Asian Dolichoderus. Pp. 17-113 in: Dill, M.; Williams, D. J.; Maschwitz, U. 2002. Herdsmen ants and their mealybug partners. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 557: 1-373.
  • Dill M., D.J. Williams, and U. Maschwitz. 2002. Herdsmen ants and their mealybug partners. Abh. senckenberg. naturforsch. Ges. 557: 1-373.
  • Emery C. 1913. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dolichoderinae. Genera Insectorum 137: 1-50.
  • Janda M., G. D. Alpert, M. L. Borowiec, E. P. Economo, P. Klimes, E. Sarnat, and S. O. Shattuck. 2011. Cheklist of ants described and recorded from New Guinea and associated islands. Available on Accessed on 24th Feb. 2011.
  • Lucky A., E. Sarnat, and L. Alonso. 2011. Ants of the Muller Range, Papua New Guinea, Chapter 10. In Richards, S. J. and Gamui, B. G. (editors). 2013. Rapid Biological Assessments of the Nakanai Mountains and the upper Strickland Basin: surveying the biodiversity of Papua New Guinea’s sublime karst environments. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 60. Conservation International. Arlington, VA.
  • Shattuck S. O. 1994. Taxonomic catalog of the ant subfamilies Aneuretinae and Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). University of California Publications in Entomology 112: i-xix, 1-241.
  • Snelling R. R. 1998. Insect Part 1: The social Hymenoptera. In Mack A. L. (Ed.) A Biological Assessment of the Lakekamu Basin, Papua New Guinea, RAP 9. 189 ppages
  • Viehmeyer H. 1912. Ameisen aus Deutsch Neuguinea gesammelt von Dr. O. Schlaginhaufen. Nebst einem Verzeichnisse der papuanischen Arten. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Königlichen Zoologischen und Anthropologische-Ethnographischen Museums zu Dresden 14: 1-26.