Dolichoderus quadripunctatus

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Dolichoderus quadripunctatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Tribe: Dolichoderini
Genus: Dolichoderus
Species: D. quadripunctatus
Binomial name
Dolichoderus quadripunctatus
(Linnaeus, 1771)

Dolichoderus quadripunctatus casent0173127 profile 1.jpg

Dolichoderus quadripunctatus casent0173127 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

Photo Gallery

  • Dolichoderus quadripunctatus worker. Photo by Michal Kukla
  • Foraging workers. Photo by Michal Kukla.
  • Dolichoderus quadripunctatus worker at its nest entrance. Photo by Michal Kukla.
  • Dolichoderus quadripunctatus queen. Photo by Michal Kukla.

Pashaei Rad et al. (2018) found this species in Iran on the ground and on trees in a Caspian moist littoral area.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (type locality), Georgia, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Iberian Peninsula, Iran, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Monaco, Montenegro, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Macedonia, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Czechowski et al. (2019) observed an alate queen of Dolichoderus quadripunctatus visiting aphids in a Polish garden. The gyne walked along a foraging trail to a colony of the aphid Panaphis juglandis where it imbibed honeydew excreted on the leaf by the aphids, after which it returned to the trail. This recurred during two more days, always a single alate gyne at a time; hence the total number of gynes, one or more, remains an open question. This feeding phenomenon is practically unknown in ants.

Castes

Queen

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • quadripunctatus. Formica quadripunctata Linnaeus, 1771: 541 (w.) FRANCE.
    • [Note: type-locality is now France, after Fabricius, 1775: 392, “Habitat in Alsatia”; the latter confirmed by Latreille, 1802c: 181, “Linnée avoit reçu cette espèce de l’Alsace”.]
    • [Misspelled as quatuorpunctata by Christ, 1791: 513; misspelled as 4 punctatus by Forel, 1895d: 227, and others.]
    • Latreille, 1802c: 179 (q.); Mayr, 1855: 380 (m.); Karavaiev, 1916: 497 (m.).
    • Combination in Tapinoma: Schenck, 1852: 129.
    • Combination in Hypoclinea: Mayr, 1855: 379; Mayr, 1863: 424; Roger, 1863b: 14.
    • Combination in Formica (Hypoclinea): Roger, 1859: 242.
    • Combination in Dolichoderus: Emery & Forel, 1879: 455.
    • Combination in D. (Hypoclinea): Emery, 1894c: 229.
    • Status as species: Fabricius, 1775: 392; Fabricius, 1782: 490; Fabricius, 1787: 308; Gmelin, 1790: 2799; Christ, 1791: 513; Olivier, 1792: 494; Fabricius, 1793: 355; Latreille, 1802c: 179; Walckenaer, 1802: 163; Fabricius, 1804: 403; Losana, 1834: 322; Mayr, 1855: 379 (redescription); Nylander, 1856b: 73; Smith, F. 1858b: 57; Roger, 1859: 242; Mayr, 1861: 40 (in key); Mayr, 1863: 424; Roger, 1863b: 14; Emery, 1869b: 11; Mayr, 1870b: 957 (in key); Forel, 1874: 59 (in key); André, 1874: 186 (in key); Emery, 1878b: 49; Emery & Forel, 1879: 455; André, 1882b: 226 (in key); Mayr, 1886d: 435 (in key); Forel, 1886e: clxvii; Nasonov, 1889: 27; Forel, 1892i: 307; Dalla Torre, 1893: 160; Emery, 1894c: 229; Forel, 1895d: 227; Ruzsky, 1902d: 18; Ruzsky, 1903b: 308; Ruzsky, 1905b: 468; Wasmann, 1906: 115 (in key); Bondroit, 1910: 489; Forel, 1911d: 350; Emery, 1913a: 11; Stitz, 1914: 79; Forel, 1915d: 41 (in key); Emery, 1916b: 210; Karavaiev, 1916: 497; Escherich, 1917: 329; Bondroit, 1918: 87; Menozzi, 1921: 32; Soudek, 1922: 58; Müller, 1923b: 108; Soudek, 1925b: 15; Santschi, 1926f: 287; Karavaiev, 1927c: 272 (in key); Lomnicki, 1928: 6; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929b: 42; Zimmermann, 1935: 40; Karavaiev, 1936: 165 (redescription); Teranishi, 1940: 19; Novák & Sadil, 1941: 95 (in key); Schmitz, 1950: 14; Consani & Zangheri, 1952: 42; Ceballos, 1956: 309; Bernard, 1967: 250 (redescription); Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 157; van Pisarski, 1975: 27; Boven, 1977: 124; Kutter, 1977c: 172; Arnol’di & Dlussky, 1978: 546 (in key); Collingwood, 1978: 86 (in key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 278 (in key); Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 186; Arakelian, 1994: 71; Radchenko, 1994b: 112 (in key); Shattuck, 1994: 63; Bolton, 1995b: 176; Czechowski, et al. 2002: 13; Seifert, 2007: 252; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowsky, 2009: 478; Lapeva-Gjonova, et al. 2010: 31; Boer, 2010: 14; Legakis, 2011: 23; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 491; Czechowski, et al. 2012: 63; Borowiec, L. 2014: 70 (see note in bibliography); Radchenko, 2016: 82.
    • Senior synonym of kratochvili: Radchenko, 2016: 82.
    • Senior synonym of unicolor: Arakelian, 1994: 72; Radchenko, 2016: 82.
  • kratochvili. Dolichoderus (Hypoclinea) quadripunctatus var. kratochvili Novak, V. 1941: 47, figs. 2-4 (w.) CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
    • Subspecies of quadripunctatus: Novák & Sadil, 1941: 95 (in key) (date of publication (31.xii).1941); Shattuck, 1994: 63.
    • Junior synonym of quadripunctatus: Radchenko, 2016: 82.
  • unicolor. Dolichoderus quadripunctatus var. unicolor Ruzsky, 1905b: 471 (w.q.) CAUCASUS.
    • Senior synonym of unicolor: Arakelian, 1994: 72; Radchenko, 2016: 82.

Description

Karyotype

  • 2n = 28 (Japan) (Imai, 1969).

References