Dorylus fulvus badius

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Dorylus fulvus badius
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Dorylus
Species: D. fulvus
Subspecies: D. fulvus badius
Trinomial name
Dorylus fulvus badius
Gerstäcker, 1859
Synonyms

Identification

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -1.28333° to -32.35°.

   
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Kenya, Mozambique (type locality), Zimbabwe.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • badius. Dorylus badius Gerstäcker, 1859: 261 (m.) (no state data).
    • Type-material: 2 syntype males.
    • Type-locality: Mozambique: (no further data) (Peters).
    • Type-depository: MNHU.
    • [Also described as new by Gerstäcker, 1862: 499; type-locality Mozambique from this reference.]
    • Santschi, 1914b: 63 (s.).
    • Combination in D. (Typhlopone): Emery, 1895j: 724.
    • Status as species: Mayr, 1863: 408; Roger, 1863b: 41.
    • Junior synonym of juvenculus: Emery, 1888b: 350; Dalla Torre, 1893: 12.
    • Subspecies of juvenculus: Emery, 1894i: 46.
    • Subspecies of fulvus: Emery, 1895j: 724; Mayr, 1907b: 8; Forel, 1909b: 52; Emery, 1910b: 13; Forel, 1910f: 4; Forel, 1911d: 362; Stitz, 1911b: 375; Forel, 1913a: 111; Forel, 1913b: 312; Forel, 1913h: 350; Santschi, 1914b: 63; Santschi, 1914d: 333; Arnold, 1915: 125 (redescription); Emery, 1915g: 6; Emery, 1919c: 102; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 49, 744; Stitz, 1923: 144; Menozzi, 1926a: 37; Menozzi, 1927f: 356; Santschi, 1931d: 408; Kutter, 1932: 207; Santschi, 1935a: 256; Santschi, 1935b: 265; Prins, 1963: 97; Bolton, 1995b: 178; Hita Garcia, et al. 2013: 203.
    • Senior synonym of rhodesiae: Arnold, 1944: 6; Bolton, 1995b: 178.
    • Distribution: Botswana, Ethiopia, Ghana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Somalia, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe.
  • rhodesiae. Dorylus fulvus r. rhodesiae Forel, 1913a: 111 (w.) ZIMBABWE.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Zimbabwe (“Rhodesia”): Bulawayo (G. Arnold).
    • Type-depository: MHNG.
    • [Misspelled as rhodesiana by Santschi, 1914d: 333, and others.]
    • Subspecies of fulvus: Santschi, 1914d: 333; Emery, 1915g: 6; Arnold, 1915: 129 (redescription); Emery, 1919c: 102; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 745; Santschi, 1931d: 408.
    • Junior synonym of badius: Arnold, 1944: 6; Bolton, 1995b: 180.

Description

References

  • Arnold, G. 1915. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part I. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 14: 1-159 (page 125, see also)
  • Arnold, G. 1944. New species of African Hymenoptera. No. 5. Occas. Pap. Natl. Mus. South. Rhod. 2: 1-38 (page 2, Senior synonym of rhodesiae)
  • Emery, C. 1894j. Rassegna degl'Imenotteri raccolti nel Mozambico dal Cav. Fornasini esistenti nel Museo Zoologico della R. Università di Bologna. I. Formicidi. Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (5)4:46-47 (page 46, Variety/subspecies of juvenculus)
  • Emery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere 8: 685-778 (page 724, Combination in D. (Typhlopone))
  • Emery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere 8: 685-778 (page 724, Variety/subspecies of fulvus)
  • Emery, C. 1910b. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dorylinae. Genera Insectorum 102: 1-34 (page 13, Variety/subspecies of fulvus)
  • Gerstäcker, A. 1859. [Untitled. Introduced by: "Hr. Peters berichtete über sein Reisewerk, von dem die Insecten bis zum 64., die Botanik bis zum 34. Bogen gedruckt sind und theilte den Schluss der Diagnosen der von Hrn. Dr. Gerstäcker bearbeiteten Hymenopteren mit."]. Monatsber. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berl. 1858: 261-264. (page 261, worker described)
  • Gerstäcker, A. 1862. Hymenoptera Hautflügler. Pp. 439-526 in: Peters, W. C. H. Naturwissenschaftliche Reise nach Mossambique auf Befehl seiner Majestät des Königs Friedrich Wilhelm IV in den Jahren 1842 bis 1848 ausgeführt. Berlin: G. Reimer, 21 + 566 (page 499, male described)
  • Santschi, F. 1914b. Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale, 1911-1912. Résultats scientifiques. Insectes Hyménoptères. II. Formicidae. Paris: Libr. A. Schulz, pp. 41-148. (page 63, soldier described)
  • Stitz, H. 1911b. Formicidae. Wiss. Ergeb. Dtsch. Zent.-Afr.-Exped. 3: 375-392 (page 375, Variety/subspecies of fulvus)