Dorylus fulvus juvenculus
|Dorylus fulvus juvenculus|
|Subspecies:||D. fulvus juvenculus|
|Dorylus fulvus juvenculus|
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
Latitudinal Distribution Pattern
Latitudinal Range: 36.802778° to 33.883333°.
- Source: AntMaps
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Afrotropical Region: Benin.
Oriental Region: India.
Palaearctic Region: Algeria, Morocco (type locality), Turkey.
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.
Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- juvenculus. Dorylus juvenculus Shuckard, 1840c: 318 (m.) (no state data).
- Type-material: holotype male.
- Type-locality: “Barbary” (= North African coast from Morocco to Libya): (no further data) (Lyon).
- Type-depository: BMNH? (“in the collection of the Zoological Society”).
- Status as species: Westwood, 1842: 80; Lucas, H. 1849: 299; Smith, F. 1859b: 2; Mayr, 1863: 408; Roger, 1863b: 41; Emery, 1878b: 59; André, 1882c: 254 (in key); Emery, 1884a: 386; Emery, 1888b: 350; Forel, 1890a: lxviii; Emery, 1891b: 1; Dalla Torre, 1893: 11; Forel, 1894d: 17; Wasmann, 1904b: 676.
- Junior synonym of fulvus: Emery, 1895j: 723; Forel, 1901a: 464; Forel, 1904c: 5; Emery, 1910b: 13; Emery, 1915g: 6; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 743.
- Subspecies of fulvus: Santschi, 1931a: 2; Santschi, 1931d: 407; Santschi, 1936c: 198; Bolton, 1995b: 179; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 5; Bharti, Guénard, et al. 2016: 22.
- Senior synonym of oraniensis: Emery, 1888b: 350; Forel, 1890a: lxviii; Emery, 1891b: 1; Dalla Torre, 1893: 11; Emery, 1893h: 1; Forel, 1904c: 5; Wasmann, 1904b: 676; Santschi, 1931d: 407; Bolton, 1995b: 180.
- Distribution: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey.
- oraniensis. Typhlopone oraniensis Lucas, H. 1849: 302, pl. 16, fig. 11 (w.) ALGERIA.
- Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
- Type-locality: Algeria: nr Oran, iii. (H. Lucas).
- Type-depository: MNHN.
- Combination in Dorylus: André, 1882c: 252.
- Status as species: Nylander, 1856b: 76; Smith, F. 1858b: 112; Roger, 1859: 249; Roger, 1861a: 45; Mayr, 1862: 737; Roger, 1863b: 20; Mayr, 1863: 457; Dours, 1873: 167; Emery, 1878b: 59; Emery & Forel, 1879: 465; André, 1881b: 64; André, 1882c: 252 (in key); Emery, 1884a: 385; Forel, 1885b: 177.
- Junior synonym of fulvus: Emery, 1910b: 13; Emery, 1915g: 6; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 743; Müller, 1923b: 32 (in text).
- Junior synonym of juvenculus: Emery, 1888b: 350; Forel, 1890a: lxviii; Emery, 1891b: 1; Dalla Torre, 1893: 11; Emery, 1893h: 1; Forel, 1904c: 5; Wasmann, 1904b: 676; Santschi, 1931d: 407; Bolton, 1995b: 180.
Taylor et al. (2018) treat the junior synonym D. oraniensis as a valid, distinct species, but without comment or justification. They also propose Dorylus fulvus saharensis as a junior synonym of Dorylus oraniensis, stating that the smallest of the workers of D. oraniensis from Benin exactly matches the minima worker of D. saharensis (CASENT0911366). These proposals have not been accepted by more recent authors.
Shuckard (1840): Rufo-fuscous, smooth, with long curling hair only on the face, between the coxae and peduncle and at the apex of the abdomen, the head black, except the antennae and mandibles which are castaneous; face and forehead very prominent, this prominence viewed laterally (in profile) as large as the eye; ocelli placed in an equilateral triangle on the vertex, the posterior pair on the posterior declivity of the head closely behind the summit, and these distant more than the diameter of one from the anterior, in front of which the face is deeply sulcated: eyes very prominent and subglobose; antennae setaceous, the scape a little less than one-third the length of the organ mandibles long and slender, slightly curved, rather broad at the base, whence they immediately attenuate, their return in front broadest in the middle, narrowed at each extremity; clypeus furnished between the base of the antennae with a long flock of curling hair, and the labrum with two small round compressed tubercles.
Thorax gibbous in front and at the scutellum, the latter transverse with a longitudinal impression at its apex; metathorax elongate", abruptly truncated at its apex, where it is fringed; mesothorax slightly corrugated in front on each side of the two abbreviated parallel longitudinal central lines, the wrinkles parallel with the suture that separates it. from the prothorax: wings somewhat obscure, with their nervures blackish or dark brown, the radial nervure terminating halfway between the commencement and the inner angle of the marginal cell, and where it loses itself in the colored portion of that cell; the cubital nervure slightly undulated as far as the insertion of the recurrent nervure, beyond which to the termination of the cell it is straight, the recurrent nervure also straight, and inserted at rather less than one half the length of the first submarginal cell; legs castaneous, femora elongate trianguler, acuminated towards the apes, the outline be neath slightly rounded downwards, the trochanters of the four posterior strictly adhering and not projecting beyond the lower outline of the femora.
Abdomen elongate, cylindrical, the peduncle quadrate convex, (its central portion viewed laterally triangular), fringed at the apex, where it has a slight transverse ridge, nearly as broad as the following segment, which and the third are also quadrate, the terminal segment very pilose.
- Emery, C. 1888b . Le tre forme sessuali del Dorylus helvolus L. e degli altri Dorilidi. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 19: 344-351 (page 350, Senior synonym of oraniensis)
- Emery, C. 1893j. Intorno ad alcune formiche della collezione Spinola. Boll. Mus. Zool. Anat. Comp. R. Univ. Torino 8(1 163: 1-3 (page 1, Senior synonym of homalinus)
- Emery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere 8: 685-778 (page 723, Junior synonym of fulvus)
- Forel, A. 1890b. Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 34:lxi-lxxvi. (page lxviii, Senior synonym of oraniensis)
- Kiran, K., Karaman, C. 2020. Additions to the ant fauna of Turkey (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zoosystema 42(18), 285-329 (doi:10.5252/zoosystema2020v42a18).
- Santschi, F. 1931e. La reine du Dorylus fulvus Westw. Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 22: 401-408 (page 401, Revived from synonymy as subspecies of fulvus)
- Shuckard, W. E. 1840c. Monograph of the Dorylidae, a family of the Hymenoptera Heterogyna. (Concluded from p. 271.). Ann. Nat. Hist. 5: 315-328 (page 318, male described)
- Taylor, B., Agoinon, N., Sinzogan, A., Adandonon, A., Kouaguou, Y. N., Bello, S., Wargui, R., Anato, F., Ouagoussounon, I., Houngbo, H., Tchibozo, S., Todjihounde, R., Vayssieres, J.F. 2018. Records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from the Republic of Benin, with particular reference to the mango farm ecosystem. Journal of Insect Biodiversity 8(1): 6-29 (doi:10.12976/jib/2018.08.1.2).