Dorylus labiatus

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Dorylus labiatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Dorylus
Species: D. labiatus
Binomial name
Dorylus labiatus
Shuckard, 1840

Dorylus labiatus casent0901950 p 1 high.jpg

Dorylus labiatus casent0901950 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

These are highly subterranean ants that are rarely seen above ground. They are most commonly seen foraging on the surface only after heavy rains.

Photo Gallery

  • Dorylus labiatus workers from central India. The worker caste in this genus is polymorphic, thus the size variation between these workers. Photo by Kalesh Sadasivan.

Identification

HW 1.13-2.30 mm. A large, polymorphic species. Antenna always 11-segmented. Concolorous brownish yellow. Very similar to Dorylus fulvus. (Wilson 1964)

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: Bangladesh, India (type locality), Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka.
Palaearctic Region: China.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Wilson 1964 Army Ant fig 1-14

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • labiatus. Dorylus labiatus Shuckard, 1840c: 319 (m.) INDIA. Forel, 1901a: 464 (w.). Combination in D. (Typhlopone): Emery, 1895j: 724. Possible junior synonym of juvenculus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 11. Subspecies of fulvus: Emery, 1895j: 724. Revived status as species: Forel, 1901a: 464; Bingham, 1903: 2. Senior synonym of hindostanus: Emery, 1895j: 724; of laeviceps: Forel, 1901a: 464. See also: Bingham, 1903: 2; Wilson, 1964a: 440.
  • hindostanus. Dorylus hindostanus Smith, F. 1859b: 3, pl. 1, fig. 1, 16 (m.) INDIA. Possible junior synonym of juvenculus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 12. Junior synonym of labiatus: Emery, 1895j: 724; Bingham, 1903: 2.
  • laeviceps. Dorylus (Typhlopone) laeviceps Smith, F. 1878b: 13, fig. 2 (w.) INDIA. Junior synonym of fulvus: Emery, 1895j: 723; of labiatus: Forel, 1901a: 464; Wilson, 1964a: 440.


Description

References

  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 2, Revived status as species)
  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 2, see also)
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 11, Possible junior synonym of juvenculus)
  • Emery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere 8: 685-778 (page 724, Combination in D. (Typhlopone))
  • Emery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere 8: 685-778 (page 724, Variety of fulvus)
  • Emery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere 8: 685-778 (page 724, Senior synonym of hindostanus)
  • Forel, A. 1901a. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part VIII. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 13: 462-477 (page 464, worker described)
  • Forel, A. 1901a. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part VIII. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 13: 462-477 (page 464, Revived status as species)
  • Forel, A. 1901a. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part VIII. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 13: 462-477 (page 464, Senior synonym of laeviceps)
  • Shuckard, W. E. 1840c. Monograph of the Dorylidae, a family of the Hymenoptera Heterogyna. (Concluded from p. 271.). Ann. Nat. Hist. 5: 315-328 (page 319, male described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 1964a. The true army ants of the Indo-Australian area (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Dorylinae). Pac. Insects 6: 427-483 (page 440, see also)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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  • Chhotani O. B., and K. K. Ray. 1976. Fauna of Rajasthan, India, Hymenoptera. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 71: 13-49.
  • Dad J. M., S. A. Akbar, H. Bharti, and A. A. Wachkoo. 2019. Community structure and ant species diversity across select sites ofWestern Ghats, India. Acta Ecologica Sinica 39: 219–228.
  • Dias R. K. S., K. R. K. A. Kosgamage, and H. A. W. S. Peiris. 2012. The Taxonomy and Conservation Status of Ants (Order: Hymenoptera, Family: Formicidae) in Sri Lanka. In: The National Red List 2012 of Sri Lanka; Conservation Status of the Fauna and Flora. Weerakoon, D.K. & S. Wijesundara Eds., Ministry of Environment, Colombo, Sri Lanka. p11-19.
  • Emery C. 1887. Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte terza. Formiche della regione Indo-Malese e dell'Australia (continuazione e fine). [concl.]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 25(5): 427-473.
  • Field Museum Collection, Chicago, Illinois (C. Moreau)
  • Forel A. 1901. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part VIII. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 13: 462-477
  • Forel A. 1906. Les fourmis de l'Himalaya. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 42: 79-94.
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