Every Ant Tells a Story - And Scientists Explain Their Stories Here
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Erebomyrma
Wheeler, W.M., 1903
Type species
Erebomyrma longii, now Carebara longii

Carebara longii casent0003192 profile 1.jpg

Carebara longii casent0003192 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

This genus is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Carebara.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • EREBOMYRMA [junior synonym of Carebara]
    • Erebomyrma Wheeler, W.M. 1903a: 138. Type-species: Erebomyrma longii, by monotypy.
    • Erebomyrma senior synonym of Spelaeomyrmex: Wilson, 1962a: 63.
    • Erebomyrma junior synonym of Oligomyrmex: Ettershank, 1966: 119.
    • Erebomyrma revived from synonymy: Wilson, 1986b: 61.
    • Erebomyrma returned to synonymy of Oligomyrmex: Bolton, 1994: 106; Bolton, 1995b: 298.
    • Erebomyrma junior synonym of Carebara: Fernández, 2004a: 194.


  • Ashmead, W. H. 1905c. A skeleton of a new arrangement of the families, subfamilies, tribes and genera of the ants, or the superfamily Formicoidea. Can. Entomol. 37: 381-384 (page 383, Erebomyrma in Myrmicinae, Stenammini)
  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 106, Erebomyrma as junior synonym of Oligomyrmex)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 298, Erebomyrma as junior synonym of Oligomyrmex)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 215, Erebomyrma as junior synonym of Oligomyrmex)
  • Creighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 104: 1-585 (page 245, Erebomyrma as genus)
  • Emery, C. 1914e. Intorno alla classificazione dei Myrmicinae. Rend. Sess. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna Cl. Sci. Fis. (n.s.) 18: 29-42 (page 41, Erebomyrma in Myrmicinae, Pheidologetini)
  • Emery, C. 1924f [1922]. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C: 207-397 (page 218, Erebomyrma in Myrmicinae, Pheidologetini; Erebomyrma as genus)
  • Ettershank, G. 1966. A generic revision of the world Myrmicinae related to Solenopsis and Pheidologeton (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Aust. J. Zool. 14: 73-171 (page 119, Erebomyrma as junior synonym of Oligomyrmex)
  • Fernández, F. 2004a. The American species of the myrmicine ant genus Carebara Westwood (Hymentoptera: Formicidae). Caldasia 26(1): 191-238 (page 194, Erebomyrma as junior synonym of Carebara)
  • Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 51: 229-253 (page 244, Erebomyrma in Myrmicinae, Pheidologetini)
  • Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. (page 13, Erebomyrma as genus)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da regia~o Neotropical. Stud. Entomol. 15: 3-344 (page 172, Erebomyrma as junior synonym of Oligomyrmex)
  • Kusnezov, N. 1964 [1963]. Zoogeografía de las hormigas en Sudamérica. Acta Zool. Lilloana 19: 25-186 (page 62, Erebomyrma as genus)
  • Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V., Hurd, P. D., Smith, D. R., Burks, B. D. (eds.) Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Pr (page 1389, Erebomyrma as junior synonym of Oligomyrmex)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1903a. Erebomyrma, a new genus of hypogaeic ants from Texas. Biol. Bull. (Woods Hole) 4: 137-148 (page 138, 145, Erebomyrma as genus; Erebomyrma in Myrmicinae, Solenopsidini)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1910b. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. (page 140, Erebomyrma in Myrmicinae, Solenopsidini)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1915i [1914]. The ants of the Baltic Amber. Schr. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. Königsb. 55: 1-142 (page 46, Erebomyrma in Myrmicinae, Solenopsidini)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922i. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VII. Keys to the genera and subgenera of ants. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 631-710 (page 663, Erebomyrma in Myrmicinae, Solenopsidini; Erebomyrma as genus)
  • Wilson, E. O. 1962a. The Trinidad cave ant Erebomyrma (=Spelaeomyrmex) urichi (Wheeler), with a comment on cavernicolous ants in general. Psyche (Camb.) 69: 62-72 (page 63, Erebomyrma senior synonym of Spelaeomyrmex)
  • Wilson, E. O. 1986b. Caste and division of labor in Erebomyrma, a genus of dimorphic ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Insectes Soc. 33: 59-69 (page 61, Erebomyrma as genus)