Formica flori

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Formica flori
Temporal range: Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene Baltic amber, Baltic Sea region
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Formica
Species: F. flori
Binomial name
Formica flori
Mayr, 1868

Mayr 1868c-108 Formica-flori.jpg




This taxon was described from Baltic amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene) and is also known from Bitterfeld amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene), Danish-Scandinavian amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene) and Rovno amber (Priabonian, Late Eocene) (Perkovsky, 2016).



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • flori. †Formica flori Mayr, 1868c: 48, pl. 2, figs. 35-37 (w.q.m.) BALTIC AMBER (Eocene). Senior synonym of †antiqua, baltica, parvula: Dlussky, 2002a: 292; of †egecomerta (replacement name for †parvula Dlussky, proposed subsequent to Dlussky’s 2002a synonymy and hence automatic junior synonym) synonymy unpublished. See also: Dlussky, 1967b: 81; Baroni Urbani & Graeser, 1987: 1; Dlussky, 2008a: 50.
  • antiqua. †Formica (Serviformica) antiqua Dlussky, 1967b: 82, fig. 1 (w.) BALTIC AMBER (Eocene). Junior synonym of †flori: Dlussky, 2002a: 292.
  • baltica. †Formica (Serviformica) baltica Dlussky, 1967b: 81, fig. 1 (w.) BALTIC AMBER (Eocene). Junior synonym of †flori: Dlussky, 2002a: 292.
  • parvula. †Formica parvula Dlussky, 1967b: 83, fig. 1 (m.) BALTIC AMBER (Eocene). [Junior primary homonym of †parvula Presl, above.] Junior synonym of †flori: Dlussky, 2002a: 292. Replacement name: †egecomerta Özdikmen, 2010c: 988. Name proposed subsequent to Dlussky, 2002a synonymy, hence †egecomerta automatically a junior synonym of †flori: Bolton, unpublished.
  • †egecomerta. †Formica egecomerta Özdikmen, 2010c: 988. Replacement name for †parvula Dlussky, 1967b: 83. [Junior primary homonym of †parvula Presl, 1822: 196.] Name proposed subsequent to Dlussky, 2002a: 292 synonymy of †parvula Dlussky with †flori, and hence †egecomerta automatic junior synonym of †flori: Bolton, unpublished.



  • Baroni Urbani, C.; Graeser, S. 1987. REM-Analysen an einer pyritisierten Ameise aus Baltischem Bernstein. Stuttg. Beitr. Naturkd. Ser. B (Geol. Paläontol.) 133: 1-16 (page 1, see also)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 195, catalogue)
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1967b. Ants of the genus Formica from the Baltic amber. Paleontol. Zh. 1967(2 2: 80-89 (page 81, see also)
  • Dlussky, G. M. 2002b. Syntypes of Baltic amber ants Formica flori Mayr and Ponera atavia Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Russ. Entomol. J. 11: 291-298 (page 292, Senior synonym of antigua and baltica)
  • Mayr, G. 1868c. Die Ameisen des baltischen Bernsteins. Beitr. Naturkd. Preuss. 1: 1-102 (page 48, pl. 2, figs. 35-37 worker, queen, male described)
  • Perkovsky, E.E. 2016. Tropical and Holoarctic ants in late Eocene ambers. Vestnik zoologii, 50(2): 111–122 (DOI 10.1515/vzoo-2016-0014).