Formica frontalis

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Formica frontalis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Formica
Species: F. frontalis
Binomial name
Formica frontalis
Santschi, 1919

Formica frontalis casent0906317 p 1 high.jpg

Formica frontalis casent0906317 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Evolutionary Relationships


Proformica longiseta





Polyergus rufescens



Polyergus samurai





Iberoformica subrufa





Formica cunicularia



Formica gerardi





Formica frontalis



Formica sanguinea







Based on Gomez, Lorite, P. et al. 2018. Note that this study was restricted to species near Formica gerardi.

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Andorra, Iberian Peninsula, Kyrgyzstan, Portugal, Spain (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • frontalis. Formica truncorum var. frontalis Santschi, 1919e: 246 (w.) SPAIN. Tinaut & Martínez-Ibáñez, 1998: 33 (q.m.). Raised to species: Tinaut & Martínez-Ibáñez, 1998: 40.

Description

Karyotype

  • 2n = 52 (Spain) (Lorite et al., 2002b; Lorite et al., 2004a).

References

  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 195, catalogue)
  • Santschi, F. 1919e. Fourmis d'Espagne et des Canaries. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 19: 241-248 (page 246, worker described)
  • Tinaut, A.; Martínez-Ibañez, D. 1998d. Taxonomy and distribution of Formica dusmeti Emery, 1909 and of F. frontalis Santschi, 1919 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Graellsia 54: 31-41 (page 33, queen, male described)
  • Tinaut, A.; Martínez-Ibañez, D. 1998d. Taxonomy and distribution of Formica dusmeti Emery, 1909 and of F. frontalis Santschi, 1919 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Graellsia 54: 31-41 (page 40, Raised to species)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bernadou A., V. Fourcassié, and X. Espadaler. 2013. A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Andorra. Zookeys 277: 13-23.
  • Bernadou A., X. Espadaler, A. Le Goff, and V. Fourcassie. 2015. Ant community organization along elevational gradients in a temperate ecosystem. Insect. Soc. 62:59–71
  • Bernadou, A., G. Latil, V. Fourcassié, and X. Espadaler. "Les formigues de la Vall del Madriu-Perafita-Claror : diversitat i distribució." Hàbitats, 13 (2006): 10-21.
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Espadaler, X.. "Catàleg de les formigues del països catalans." Ses. Entomol. ICHN-SCL IX (1997): 23-42.
  • Gomez K., P. Lorite, F. Garcia, A. Tinaut, X. Espadaler, T. Palomeque, O. Sanllorente, and J. Trager. 2018. Differentiating Iberoformica and Formica (Serviformica) with description of the sexual castes of Formica (Serviformica) gerardi Bondroit, 1917 stat. rev. Sociobiology 65(3): 463-470.
  • Hernandez Cuba O., C. Perez Banon, and M. A. Marcos Garcia. 2008. Los formicidos (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) del Parque natural de la Font Roja. Iberis 6: 9-20.
  • Muñoz-López M., T. Palomeque, J. A. Carrillo, J. Pons, A. Tinaut, and P. Lorite. 2012. A new taxonomic status for Iberoformica (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) based on the use of molecular markers. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 50: 30-37.
  • Sanchez-Gil Jimeno R., and J. L. Reyes-Lopez. 2016. Study of ants species of the Sierra de San Carlos del Valle (Ciudad Real) and updating the provincial check list (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Boln. Asoc. esp. Ent. 40 (1-2): 93-109.
  • Sanllorente O., P. Lorite, F. Ruano, T. Palomeque, and A. Tinaut. 2017. Phylogenetic relationships between the slave-making ants Rossomyrmex and their Proformica hosts in relation to other genera of the ant tribe Formicini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J Zool Syst Evol Res. 1–13.
  • Schmitz H. 1950. Formicidae quaedam a cl. A. Stärcke determinatae, quas in Lusitania collegit. Brotéria Ser. Cienc. Nat. 19: 12-16.
  • Schmitz, H.. "Formicidae quaedam a cl. A. Stärcke determinatae, quas in Lusitania collegit." Brotéria, Ciências Naturais 19 (1950): 12-16.
  • Tinaut A. 2016. Ants of the Tejeda, Almijara and Alhama Mountains Natural Park (Andalusia, Spain) (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Boln. Asoc. esp. Ent., 40 (1-2): 125-159.
  • Tinaut A., F. Ruano, M Silvestre, and M. D. Martinez Ibanez. 2015. Review and update on the distribution of Formica frontalis Santschi, 1919 across the Iberian Peninsula (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Boln. Asoc. esp. Ent. 39 (1-2): 115-133.
  • Tinaut, A., and M. D. Martínez Ibáñez. "Taxonomy and distribution of Formica dusmeti Emery, 1909 and of F. frontalis Santschi, 1919." Graellsia 54 (1998): 31-41.
  • del Campo Gracia P., M. D. Martinez Ibanez, A. Tinaut, and S. Montagud Alario. 2014. Faunistic study of the Formicidae (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from the Comunitat Valenciana (Spain). Boln. Asoc. esp. Ent. 38 (1-2): 33-65.