Formica libera

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Formica libera
Scientific classification (junior synonym of Formica fusca)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Formica
Species: Formica libera
Scopoli, 1763

This taxon is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Formica fusca.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • libera. Formica libera Scopoli, 1763: 313 (w.) AUSTRIA. Junior synonym of fusca: Latreille, 1802a: 159.


  • Latreille, P. A. 1802b. Histoire naturelle générale et particulière des Crustacés et des insectes. Tome 3. Familles naturelles des genres. Paris: F. Dufart, xii + 467 pp. (page 159, junior synonym of fusca)
  • Scopoli, J. A. 1763. Entomologia carniolica exhibens insecta Carnioliae indigena et distributa in ordines, genera, species, varietates. Methodo Linnaeana. Vindobonae [=Vienna]: J. Trattner, xxxvi + 420 pp. (page 313, worker described)