Formica subpilosa

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Formica subpilosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Formica
Species: F. subpilosa
Binomial name
Formica subpilosa
Ruzsky, 1902

Formica subpilosa casent0906314 p 1 high.jpg

Formica subpilosa casent0906314 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


This ant has been associated with a butterfly species that has recently been split into two species: Polyommatus icarus and Polyommatus celin. Presently it is unclear if this association is between F. rufibarus and one or the other of these species, or both (Obregon et al. 2015).



Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, China, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation (type locality), Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • subpilosa. Formica rufibarbis subsp. subpilosa Ruzsky, 1902b: 472 (w.) RUSSIA. Karavaiev, 1910b: 17 (q.m.). Combination in F. (Serviformica): Emery, 1925b: 250. Raised to species: Bondroit, 1918: 51; Collingwood, 1961a: 70. Junior synonym of rufibarbis: Bernard, 1967: 297. Revived from synonymy, with status as species: Dlussky, 1965a: 28; Dlussky, 1967a: 70; Tarbinsky, 1976: 189. Senior synonym of bipilosa and material of the unavailable names clara, fallax referred here: Dlussky, 1965a: 28. Material of the unavailable name subpilosoclara referred here by Dlussky, 1967a: 70. See also: Seifert & Schultz, 2008: 79.
  • bipilosa. Formica (Serviformica) cinerea var. bipilosa Karavaiev, 1926e: 199 (w.) RUSSIA. Raised to species: Collingwood, 1961a: 70; Collingwood, 1961b: 289. Junior synonym of subpilosa: Dlussky, 1965a: 28.



  • Karavaiev, V. 1910. Nachtrag zu meinen "Ameisen aus Transcaspien und Turkestan". Rus. Entomol. Obozr. 9: 268-272 (page 17, queen, male described)
  • Obregon, R., M. R. Shaw, J. Fernandez-Haeger, and D. Jordano. 2015. Parasitoid and ant interactions of some Iberian butterflies (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Shilap-Revista De Lepidopterologia. 43:439-454.
  • Ruzsky, M. 1902b. Neue Ameisen aus Russland. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere 17: 469-484 (page 472, worker described)