Formica transkaucasica

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Formica transkaucasica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Formica
Species: F. transkaucasica
Binomial name
Formica transkaucasica
Nasonov, 1889

This taxon is considered to be unidentifiable and its identity is uncertain.

At a Glance • Polygynous  




Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Denmark.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


Flight Period

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Association with Other Organisms

Life History Traits

  • Queen number: polygynous (Rissing and Pollock, 1988; Frumhoff & Ward, 1992)
  • Queen mating frequency: single (Rissing and Pollock, 1988; Frumhoff & Ward, 1992)



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • transkaucasica. Formica transkaucasica Nasonov, 1889: 21 (w.) RUSSIA. Subspecies of gagates: Ruzsky, 1902d: 13; of fusca: Ruzsky, 1905b: 384. Junior synonym of picea Nylander: Emery, 1909b: 195; Donisthorpe, 1918a: 9; Emery, 1925b: 249; Dlussky, 1965a: 31; Dlussky, 1967a: 61. First available replacement name for picea Nylander: Donisthorpe, 1918a: 9; Yarrow, 1954a: 233; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 263. Senior synonym of piceogagates: Arakelian, 1994: 102. Junior synonym of candida: Bolton, 1995b: 205. Unidentifiable taxon, incertae sedis in Formica: Seifert, 2004: 32.
  • piceogagates. Formica (Serviformica) gagates var. piceogagates Karavaiev, 1926e: 197 (w.q.) RUSSIA. Junior synonym of transkaucasica: Arakelian, 1994: 102.



  • n = 26 (Finland) (Rosengren et al., 1980) (as F. transkaucasica (incertae sedis)).


  • Arakelian, G. R. 1994. Fauna of the Republic of Armenia. Hymenopterous insects. Ants (Formicidae). Erevan: Gitutium, 153 pp. (page 102, Senior synonym of piceogagates)
  • Atanassov, N.; Dlussky, G. M. 1992. Fauna of Bulgaria. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Fauna Bûlg. 22: 1-310 (page 263, First available replacement name for picea)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 205, Junior synonym of candida)
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1965a. Ants of the genus Formica L. of Mongolia and northeast Tibet (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Ann. Zool. (Warsaw) 23: 15-43 (page 31, Junior synonym of picea)
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1967a. Ants of the genus Formica (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, g. Formica). Moskva: Nauka Publishing House, 236 pp. (page 61, Junior synonym of picea)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1918a. Some notes on a paper by Dr. Leach on ants and gnats in 1825. Entomol. Rec. J. Var. 30: 8-9 (page 9, First available replacement name for picea)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1918a. Some notes on a paper by Dr. Leach on ants and gnats in 1825. Entomol. Rec. J. Var. 30: 8-9 (page 9, Junior synonym of picea)
  • Emery, C. 1909b. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil VII. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1909: 179-204 (page 195, Junior synonym of picea Nylander)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 249, Junior synonym of picea)
  • Nasonov, N. V. 1889. Contribution to the natural history of the ants primarily of Russia. 1. Contribution to the ant fauna of Russia. Izv. Imp. Obshch. Lyubit. Estestvozn. Antropol. Etnogr. Imp. Mosk. Univ. 58: 1-78 (page 21, worker described)
  • Pamilo, P., Sundström, L., Fortelius, W., Rosengren, R. 1994. Diploid males and colony-level selection in Formica ants. Ethology Ecology, Evolution 6, 221–235 (doi:10.1080/08927014.1994.9522996).
  • Ruzsky, M. 1902d. Material on the ant fauna of the Caucasus and the Crimea. Protok. Obshch. Estestvoispyt. Imp. Kazan. Univ. 206(su suppl: 1-33 (page 13, Race/subspecies of gagates)
  • Ruzsky, M. 1905b. The ants of Russia. (Formicariae Imperii Rossici). Systematics, geography and data on the biology of Russian ants. Part I. Tr. Obshch. Estestvoispyt. Imp. Kazan. Univ. 38(4-6 6: 1-800 (page 384, Race/subspecies of fusca)
  • Yarrow, I. H. H. 1954a. The British ants allied to Formica fusca L. (Hym., Formicidae). Trans. Soc. Br. Entomol. 11: 229-244 (page 233, First available replacement name for picea)