Formicoxenus quebecensis

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Formicoxenus quebecensis
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Formicoxenus
Species: F. quebecensis
Binomial name
Formicoxenus quebecensis
Francoeur, 1985

Formicoxenus quebecensis casent0104822 profile 1.jpg

Formicoxenus quebecensis casent0104822 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

This ant is a guest in the nests of Myrmica alaskensis.

At a Glance • Xenobiotic  



Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 55° to 47.665°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Nearctic Region: Canada (type locality), United States.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.


Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



Life History Traits

  • Queen number: monogynous (Francoeur et al., 1985; Frumhoff & Ward, 1992) (functional monogyny)



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • quebecensis. Formicoxenus quebecensis Francoeur, in Francoeur, Loiselle & Buschinger, 1985: 378, figs. (q.m.) CANADA (Québec).
    • Type-material: holotype worker (?), paratype workers, paratype queens, paratype males (numbers not stated).
    • [Note: Francoeur, Loiselle & Buschinger, 1985: 378, do not specify the sex/caste of the holotype, which is assumed here to be a worker.]
    • Type-locality: holotype Canada: Québec, Saguenay, Moisie Bay (no collector’s name); paratypes with same data.
    • Type-depositories: AFPC (holotype); ABPC, AFPC, BMNH, CIQC, MCZC, USNM (paratypes).
    • Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1989a: 323 (l.).
    • Status as species: Bolton, 1995b: 207.
    • Distribution: Canada.



  • 2n = 28 (Canada) (Francoeur et al., 1985; Fischer, 1987).


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Buschinger A., R. D. Schumann, and J. Heinze. 1994. First records of the guest and Formicoxenus quebecensis Francoeur from Western Canada (Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Psyche 101: 53-57.
  • Buschinger, A. and A. Schulz. 2008. Leptothorax athabasca sp. n. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Alberta, Canada and ant with an apparently restricted range. Myrmecological News 11:243-248
  • Buschinger, A., R. D. Schumann, and J. Heinze. 1994. First records of the guest ant Formicoxenus quebecensis Francoeur from western Canada (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Psyche 101:53-57
  • Glasier J. R. N., S. E. Nielsen, J. Acorn, and J. Pinzon. 2019. Boreal sand hills are areas of high diversity for Boreal ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Diversity 11, 22; doi:10.3390/d11020022.
  • Glasier J. R. N., S. Nielsen, J. H. Acorn, L. H. Borysenko, and T. Radtke. 2016. A checklist of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Saskatchewan. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 130(1): 40-48.
  • Glasier, J. Alberta Ants. AntWeb.
  • Heinze, J. 1995. The Origin of Workerless Parasites in Leptothorax (S. Str.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Psyche 102 (3-4) :195-214