Found in humid forests, nesting in rotten wood.
A member of the sulcata complex (in the sulcata subgroup of the sulcata species group). The acute posterior tooth on the petiolar node, combined with longitudinal costulae on the declivitous propodeal face, seem to provide the most reliable distinction from Gnamptogenys tortuolosa. Color in G. acuminata is not so variable but light-pigmented forms can occasionally be found. The mesometepisternal suture is usually absent.
Keys including this Species
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
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Not much is known about the the biology of Gnamptogenys acuminata. We can speculate that the biology of this species is similar to other species of the genus. Gnamptogenys are predatory ponerine ants that inhabit tropical and subtropical mesic forests. Nesting is typically at ground level in rotten wood or leaf litter. Some exceptions include species that are arboreal, a dry forest species and species that nests in sandy savannahs. Colony size tends to be, at most, in the hundreds. Queens are the reproductives in most species. Worker reproduction is known from a few species in Southeastern Asia. Generalist predation is the primary foraging/dietary strategy. Specialization on specific groups (millipedes, beetles, other ants) has developed in a few species.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- acuminata. Ectatomma (Gnamptogenys) acuminatum Emery, 1896g: 50 (w.q.) BRAZIL. Combination in Gnamptogenys: Brown, 1958g: 227.
Mandibles subtriangular; longitudinal costulae on mesosoma and declivitous propodeal face; transverse sutures weak, visible only with certain angles of light; body dark brown to black; coxae and basal two-thirds of femora testaceous to brown-testaceous; tibiae, apex of femora, antenna and mandibles brown.
- Brown, W. L., Jr. 1958g. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. II. Tribe Ectatommini (Hymenoptera). Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 118: 173-362 (page 227, Combination in Gnamptogenys)
- Emery, C. 1896g. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. XVII-XXV. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 28: 33-107 (page 50, worker, queen described)
- Lattke, J. E. 1995. Revision of the ant genus Gnamptogenys in the New World (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Hym. Res. 4: 137-193 PDF
- Lattke, J.E., Fernández, F. & Palacio, E.E. 2007. Identification of the species of Gnamptogenys Roger in the Americas (pp. 254-270). In Snelling, R.R., Fisher, B.L. & Ward, P.S. (eds). Advances in ant systematics: homage to E.O. Wilson – 50 years of contributions. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80: 690 pp.