This rainforest species is known from New Guinea (both West Papua and Papua New Guinea) with a limited number of collections from extreme northern Australia. It forms small colonies in rotten logs.
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
Head subquadrate in frontal view, without occipital lobes; occipital lamella well developed, convex. Petiolar node with small, narrow anteriorly projecting ventral process in lateral view. Dorsum of abdominal segment 4 varying from longitudinally costulate to mostly smooth with scattered punctae, some punctae elongate with brief longitudinal crests, posterolateral margins with brief longitudinal strigulae.
G. biroi keys out close to Gnamptogenys grammodes and may be closely related to it based on similarities in the occipital lamella and the shape of the subpetiolar process. The postpetiolar dorsum of G. grammodes differs from that of G. biroi in having a posterior strip of longitudinal carinulae and smoother cuticle anterad with punctae and no foveolae as in G. biroi. G. grammodes has a mostly smooth fourth abdominal tergite and is a smaller ant (HL > 1.2 mm;WL > 1.60 mm) than G. biroi.
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
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This is the only species of Gnamptogenys found in Australia, where the genus Rhytidoponera Mayr is the dominant ectatommine. Nests and individuals of G. biroi have been recorded from rotten wood in rainforest and secondary lowland forest.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- biroi. Stictoponera biroi Emery, 1901h: 154 (w.) NEW GUINEA. Lattke, 2004: 93 (q.m.). Combination in Gnamptogenys: Brown, 1958g: 227. See also: Brown, 1954h: 6.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
- Stictoponera biroi Emery, 1902: Holotype, worker, Sattelburg, Papua New Guinea, museum unknown (MCSN (Genoa) or HNHM (Budapest)).
Lattke (2004) - Metrics (n = 5): HL 1.25-1.38, HW 1.05-1.19, ML 0.62-0.73, SL 1.10-1.20, ED 0.28-0.39, WL 1.78-1.98 mm. CI 0.82-0.88, SI 0.99-1.08, MI 0.57-0.66, OI 0.27-0.34.
Head subquadrate in frontal view, lateral margins relatively straight, posterior margin straight to slightly concave, posterolaterally rounded, anterior margin of clypeal lamella projecting anterad into blunt point with slightly sinuate sides; frons densely foveolate with fine strigae frequently present on cuticle between foveolae; clypeus longitudinally costulate; vertex foveolate along anterior margin, mostly smooth posterad and bound by sulcus. Scape varies from mostly smooth to longitudinally strigulose; eye relatively large; no occipital lobes; occipital lamella well developed, convex. Lateral mesosoma mostly densely foveolate; mesosomal dorsum densely foevolate; anepisterum cuneiform; metapleuron with some longitudinal costulae posteroventrally; propodeal declivity depressed, mostly smooth, sometimes with longitudinal low costulae or rugosity. Petiolar node with small, narrow anteriorly projecting ventral process in lateral view, dorsum foveolate; postpetiolar dorsum longitudinally foveolate to rugulose-foveolate, foveolae round anterad, becoming progressively more elongate posterad; sternum undulate with transverse strigulae, especially anterad, sternum laterally foveolate; dorsum of abdominal segment 4 varies from longitudinally costulate to mostly smooth with scattered punctae, some punctae elongate and with brief longitudinal crests, posterolateral margins with brief longitudinal strigulae. Fore coxa varies from mostly smooth to moderately transversely strigulose in lateral view, most strigulae concentrated apically; fore tarsus opposite strigil with single stout setae, followed apically by row of smaller setae. Dorsum of thorax and abdominal segments 1-4 with abundant erect to subdecumbent hairs. Head, mesosoma, petiole, and gaster brown; mandibles, antennae, legs ferruginous.
Lattke (2004) - Metrics (n = 2): HL 1.28, 1.42; HW 1.14, 1.23; ML 0.66, 0.75; SL 1.14, 1.38; ED 0.39, 0.40; WL 2.02, 2.22 mm. CI 0.89, 0.87; SI 1.00, 1.12; MI 0.58, 0.61; OI 0.35, 0.33.
Pronotum densely foveolate, occasionally with median smooth area; mesoscutum longitudinally rugose-punctate; anepisternum with variable degree of longitudinal strigulae and smooth areas; katepisternum foevolate, posterad frequently with finely strigulose cuticle or mostly foveolate; scutellum densely foveolate to strigulose-punctate; propodeum densely foveolate.
Lattke (2004) - Metrics (n = 1): HL 0.90, HW 0.83, ML 0.49, SL 0.47, ED 0.35, WL 1.66 mm. CI 0.92, SI 0.57, MI 0.59, OI 0.42.
Frons with low irregular rugulae and large patches of undulate sculpturing, foveolae tend to be areolate posterolaterally in frontal view; frons with fine longitudinal carina extending posterad from posteromedian clypeal margin to eye level in frontal view; clypeus separated from frons by broad sulcus, three ridges cross sulcus joining frons with clypeus; clypeus mostly undulate with scattered strigulae, lamella converging to blunt angle along anterior margin. Pronotum with shallow, flat-bottomed and undulate foveolae, with smooth cuticle between foveolae; mesopleuron mostly smooth with scattered punctae; mesoscutum foveolate, scutellum rugulose-foveolate; propodeum areolate; petiolar node strigulose. Postpetiole mostly smooth with undulations, especially anterolaterally; fourth abdominal tergite smooth.
Lattke (2004) - Holotype worker by monotypy: New Guinea, Sattelberg (Biró) (MCSN) [Examined].
- Brown, W.L., Jr. 1954. A review of the coxalis group of the ant genus Stictoponera Mayr. Breviora, Museum of Comparative Zoology, 34:1-10.
- Brown, W.L., Jr. 1958. Contributions towards a reclassification of the Formicidae. II. Tribe Ectatommini. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 118:171-362. (page 227, Combination in Gnamptogenys)
- Emery, C. 1901. Formicidarum species novae vel minus cognitae in collectione Musaei Nationalis Hungarici, quas in Nova-Guinea, colonia germanica, collegit L. Biró. Publicatio tertia. Természetrajzi Füzetek, 25:152-160. (page 154, worker described)
- Lattke, J.E. 2004. A Taxonomic Revision and Phylogenetic Analysis of the Ant Genus Gnamptogenys Roger in Southeast Asia and Australasia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae). University of California publications in entomology, 122:1-266. (page 92, fig. 17 worker, queen, male described)