Nothing is known about the biology of Gnamptogenys ejuncida.
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
- 7 References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
A member of the porcata subgroup (in the striatula species group). On account of size, sculpture, pilosity and posteriorly inclined petiole node this species seems to be most closely related to Gnamptogenys pilosa, a very similar species found in an Andean canyon NW of Cali, Colombia. The sculpture of pilosa is much finer and its pilosity is a bit denser, including abundant erect hairs, practically lacking in ejuncida. The presence of erect to suberect hairs in pilosa vs. subdecumbent to decumbent hairs in ejuncida is especially notable on the femora. In lateral view the angle formed by the junction of the dorsal and declivitous propodeal faces is greater in ejuncida than in pilosa, giving it a more slender appearance. (Lattke 1995)
Keys including this Species
Latitudinal Distribution Pattern
Latitudinal Range: 5.29944° to 5.29944°.
- Source: AntMaps
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
Not much is known about the the biology of Gnamptogenys ejuncida. We can speculate that the biology of this species is similar to other species of the genus. Gnamptogenys are predatory ponerine ants that inhabit tropical and subtropical mesic forests. Nesting is typically at ground level in rotten wood or leaf litter. Some exceptions include species that are arboreal, a dry forest species and species that nests in sandy savannahs. Colony size tends to be, at most, in the hundreds. Queens are the reproductives in most species. Worker reproduction is known from a few species in Southeastern Asia. Generalist predation is the primary foraging/dietary strategy. Specialization on specific groups (millipedes, beetles, other ants) has developed in a few species.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- ejuncida. Gnamptogenys ejuncida Lattke, 1995: 165, figs. 48, 50 (w.) COLOMBIA.
- Type-material: holotype worker.
- Type-locality: Colombia: Putumayo, Mocoa, 610 m., 4.i.1977 (C. Kugler).
- Type-depository: MIZA.
- Status as species: Lattke, et al. 2004: 343; Lattke, et al. 2007: 258 (in key); Lattke, et al. 2008: 86; Feitosa & Prada-Achiardi, 2019: 671; Camacho, et al. 2020: 455 (in key).
- Distribution: Colombia.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Holotype measurements: HL 1.10; ML 0.26; HW 0.88; SL 1.02; ED 0.18; WL 1.54 mm, CI 0.80; SI 1.56; OI 0.21.
With head in frontal view: vertexal margins slightly convex, lateral margins broadly convex and anterior clypeal margin convex; mandibles triangular and with rugose dorsum; anterior pronotal face with six transverse costulae, dorsum with longitudinal costulae; mesonotum with anteriorly convex costulae, transverse at metanotum and posteriorly convex on dorsal propodeal face; anepisternum with three transverse costulae that descend from mesonotum; rest of mesosomal side obliquely costulate, some curve around propodeal spiracies; declivitous propodeal face with longitudinal costulae; in lateral view dorsal mesosomal outline evenly convex, with no abrupt breaks or depressions; petiolar node posteriorly inclined: in lateral view transversely costulate with convex anterior margin, concave posterior margin and overhanging apex; subpetiolar process triangular and projecting anterad. Anterior face to dorsal two-thirds of postpetiolar dorsum with transverse costulae; rest of gastric sculpture longitudinal; postpetiolar sternum anteriorly transversely costulate, posteriorly divergent; transverse costulae on procoxae and anterior faces of meso- and metacoxae; metacoxal tooth well developed . Abundant suberect hairs and pubescence on body and extremities.
Holotype worker. Colombia, Putumayo, Mocoa, 610 m, 4-1-77, C. Kugler, leg. Deposited in Instituto de Zoologia Agricola.
This sleek species inspired the use of the Latin word for slender, ejuncida.
- Lattke, J. E. 1995. Revision of the ant genus Gnamptogenys in the New World (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research. 4:137-193.
- Lattke, J.E., Fernández, F. & Palacio, E.E. 2007. Identification of the species of Gnamptogenys Roger in the Americas (pp. 254-270). In Snelling, R.R., Fisher, B.L. & Ward, P.S. (eds). Advances in ant systematics: homage to E.O. Wilson – 50 years of contributions. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80: 690 pp.
References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
- Lattke J. E., F. Fernández, E. E. Palacio. 2004. Una nueva especie de Gnamptogenys (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) y comentarios sobre las especies del género en Colombia y Ecuador. Iheringia. Série Zoologia 94: 341-349.
- Lattke J. E., F. Fernández, T. M. Arias-Penna, E. E. Palacio, W. Mackay, and E. MacKay. 2008. Género Gnamptogenys Roger. Pp. 66-100 in: Jiménez, E.; Fernández, F.; Arias, T.M.; Lozano-Zambrano, F. H. (eds.) 2008. Sistemática, biogeografía y conservación de las hormigas cazadoras de Colombia. Bogotá: Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt, xiv + 609 pp.