Gnamptogenys sulcata

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Gnamptogenys sulcata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ectatomminae
Tribe: Ectatommini
Genus: Gnamptogenys
Species: G. sulcata
Binomial name
Gnamptogenys sulcata
(Smith, F., 1858)

Gnamptogenys sulcata casent0173387 profile 1.jpg

Gnamptogenys sulcata casent0173387 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

De la Mora et al. (2016) found this species nesting in logs found in coffee farms and forests in the Soconusco region of Chiapas, Mexico. A small percentage of pupae were found to be parasitized by eucharitid wasps. Gnamptogenys sulcata are known to be preyed upon by Dendrobates histrionicus (Lattke 1990).

Identification

Mandibles subtriangular; dorsal mesosomal costulae convergent caudad and transverse on declivitous propodeal face; metacoxal tooth absent, at most present as very small tubercle or short lobe; very variable color: mesosoma black to light brown, frequently head, gastric apex and posterior margin of gastric tergum II darker than rest of body. Legs antennae, and mandibles light to dark brown. Variation has been observed in size and shape of the subpetiolar process, mandibular width, and relative size of the eyes. The node can project posteriorly and approach the condition in Gnamptogenys acuminata but does not become acutely pointed. Even though the propodeal declivity is commonly transversely costulate, it can sometimes have oblique or even longitudinal costulae. (Lattke 1995)

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Belize, Brazil (type locality), Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Koch et al. (2018) sampled this species in Caryocar barsiliense trees, in southeastern Brazil cerrado, as part of a study examining species interactions in ant-plants.

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • sulcata. Ponera sulcata Smith, F. 1858b: 99 (w.) BRAZIL (Amazonas).
    • Type-material: 2 syntype workers.
    • Type-locality: Brazil: Amazonas, Ega (= Tefé), “58/6” (H.W. Bates).
    • Type-depository: BMNH.
    • Forel, 1899c: 8 (q.m.).
    • Combination in Ectatomma (Gnamptogenys): Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 26; Emery, 1896g: 51;
    • combination in Gnamptogenys: Mayr, 1886c: 358; Brown, 1958g: 229.
    • Status as species: Roger, 1861a: 18; Mayr, 1863: 450; Mayr, 1886c: 358; Dalla Torre, 1893: 26; Forel, 1895b: 113; Emery, 1896g: 51; Forel, 1899c: 8; Emery, 1911d: 45; Mann, 1916: 407; Borgmeier, 1923: 61; Brown, 1958g: 229, 329; Kempf, 1961b: 492; Kempf, 1972a: 115; Lattke, 1990b: 21; Brandão, 1991: 345; Bolton, 1995b: 211; Lattke, 1995: 188; Lattke, et al. 2004: 349; Wild, 2007b: 27; Lattke, et al. 2007: 262 (in key); Lattke, et al. 2008: 99; Branstetter & Sáenz, 2012: 255; Feitosa, 2015c: 98; Guénard & Economo, 2015: 226; Feitosa & Prada-Achiardi, 2019: 673; Camacho, et al. 2020: 460 (in key).
    • Senior synonym of cearensis: Brown, 1958g: 229, 330; Kempf, 1972a: 115; Bolton, 1995b: 211; Lattke, 1995: 188.
    • Senior synonym of lineata: Brown, 1958g: 229, 330; Kempf, 1972a: 115; Bolton, 1995b: 211; Lattke, 1995: 188.
    • Senior synonym of nitens: Brown, 1958g: 229, 330; Kempf, 1972a: 115; Bolton, 1995b: 211; Lattke, 1995: 188.
    • Senior synonym of tornata: Lattke, 1995: 188.
    • Senior synonym of ypirangensis: Brown, 1958g: 229, 330; Kempf, 1972a: 115; Bolton, 1995b: 211; Lattke, 1995: 188.
    • Distribution: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela.
  • cearensis. Ectatomma (Gnamptogenys) sulcatum var. cearensis Forel, 1912c: 33 (w.) BRAZIL (Ceará).
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Brazil: Ceará (Diaz da Rocha).
    • Type-depository: MHNG.
    • Subspecies of sulcatum: Borgmeier, 1923: 61.
    • Junior synonym of sulcata: Brown, 1958g: 229, 330; Kempf, 1972a: 115; Bolton, 1995b: 208; Lattke, 1995: 188.
  • lineata. Gnamptogenys lineata Mayr, 1870b: 965 (w.) BRAZIL (no state data).
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Brazil: “vom Amazonenstrome” (no collector’s name).
    • Type-depository: NHMW.
    • Combination in Ectatomma (Gnamptogenys): Mayr, 1887: 541.
    • Status as species: Emery, 1890b: 41; Dalla Torre, 1893: 24; Emery, 1894k: 47; Forel, 1895b: 113; Forel, 1908e: 64; Forel, 1909a: 253.
    • Subspecies of sulcata: Emery, 1896g: 51; Emery, 1911d: 45; Forel, 1912c: 32; Borgmeier, 1923: 61; Borgmeier, 1934: 95.
    • Junior synonym of sulcata: Brown, 1958g: 229, 330; Kempf, 1972a: 115; Bolton, 1995b: 209; Lattke, 1995: 188.
  • nitens. Ectatomma (Gnamptogenys) sulcatum var. nitens Mann, 1916: 407 (w.) BRAZIL (Amazonas, Paraiba).
    • Type-material: 3 syntype workers.
    • Type-localities: Brazil: Amazonas, Manaus, 1911 (W.M. Mann), Brazil: Parahyba (= Paraíba), Independencia (Itamatahy), 1911 (W.M. Mann).
    • Type-depository: USNM.
    • Subspecies of sulcata: Borgmeier, 1923: 62.
    • Junior synonym of sulcata: Brown, 1958g: 229, 330; Kempf, 1972a: 115; Bolton, 1995b: 210; Lattke, 1995: 188.
  • nodosa. Formica nodosa Latreille, 1802c: 217, pl. 8, fig. 48 (w.) FRENCH GUIANA.
    • Type-material: holotype (?) worker.
    • [Note: no indication of number of specimens is given.]
    • Type-locality: French Guiana: Cayenne (no collector’s name).
    • Type-depository: no type-material known to exist.
    • Combination in Ponera: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 196;
    • combination in Gnamptogenys: Mayr, 1866b: 892 (in text);
    • combination in Ectatomma (Gnamptogenys): Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 25.
    • Subspecies of mordax: Emery, 1896g: 50.
    • Status as species: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 196; Roger, 1861a: 18; Roger, 1861b: 170; Mayr, 1863: 449; Dalla Torre, 1893: 25; Emery, 1911d: 45.
    • Nomen oblitum, synonym of mordax: Brown, 1958g: 228; Kempf, 1972a: 113; Bolton, 1995b: 210; Lattke, 1995: 176.
    • [Note: Brown, 1958g: 320, regards nodosa as nomen oblitum as it has “not been used except in catalogs”, whereas mordax “has been used for this common ant for nearly a century.”]
  • tornata. Ponera tornata Roger, 1861a: 15 (w.q.m.) MEXICO (Veracruz).
    • Type-material: 20 syntype workers, 3 syntype queens, 1 syntype male.
    • Type-locality: Mexico: Veracruz (no collector’s name).
    • Type-depository: MNHU.
    • Combination in Ectatomma (Gnamptogenys): Mayr, 1887: 541; Emery in Dalla Torre, 1893: 26; Emery, 1896g: 46;
    • combination in Gnamptogenys: Roger, 1863a: 174; Mayr, 1863: 422; Mann, 1922: 3.
    • Status as species: Mayr, 1863: 422; Roger, 1863b: 19; Mayr, 1870b: 964 (in key); Dalla Torre, 1893: 26; Emery, 1896g: 46 (in key); Forel, 1899c: 8; Forel, 1905b: 156; Forel, 1909a: 242; Emery, 1911d: 45; Mann, 1922: 3; Brown, 1958g: 229; Kempf, 1968b: 378 (redescription); Kempf, 1972a: 116; Lattke, 1990b: 22; Bolton, 1995b: 211.
    • Junior synonym of sulcata: Lattke, 1995: 188.
  • ypirangensis. Gnamptogenys ypirangensis Borgmeier, 1928b: 60 (w.) BRAZIL (São Paulo).
    • Type-material: 2 syntype workers.
    • Type-locality: Brazil: São Paulo (Ypiranga), 2.i.1911, no. 15736 (Luederwaldt).
    • Type-depository: MZSP.
    • Junior synonym of sulcata: Brown, 1958g: 229, 330; Kempf, 1972a: 115; Bolton, 1995b: 211; Lattke, 1995: 188.

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Ponera sulcata

Two worker syntypes in The Natural History Museum. Labelled “Ega,” and “58/6.” Acc. Reg.: “Amazon (Ega on the Rio). Purchased of Stevens.”

Description

Determination Clarifications

Much confusion has accumulated regarding the identity of this Gnamptogenys ericae and the similar Gnamptogenys sulcata. Many previous references to sulcata are actually ericae, but the confusion makes it quite difficult to distinguish between each reference.

References

  • Borgmeier, T. 1957a. Myrmecologische Studien, I. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 29: 103-128.
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1958g. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. II. Tribe Ectatommini (Hymenoptera). Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 118: 173-362 (page 229, Combination in Gnamptogenys, Senior synonym of cearensis, lineata, nitens and ypirangensis:)
  • Calazans, E.G., da Costa, R.V., Cristiano,M.P., Cardoso, D.C. 2020. Daily dynamics of an ant community in a mountaintop ecosystem. Environmental Entomology (doi:10.1093/ee/nvaa011).
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 26, Combination in Ectatomma (Gnamptogenys))
  • de la Mora, A., G. Perez-Lachaud, J. P. Lachaud, and S. M. Philpott. 2015. Local and Landscape Drivers of Ant Parasitism in a Coffee Landscape. Environmental Entomology. 44:939-950. doi:10.1093/ee/nvv071
  • Emery, C. 1896g. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. XVII-XXV. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 28: 33-107 (page 51, Combination in Ectatomma (Gnamptogenys))
  • Forel, A. 1899b. Formicidae. [part]. Biol. Cent.-Am. Hym. 3: 1-24 (page 8, queen, male described)
  • Koch, E. B. A., W. Dattilo, F. Camarota, and H. L. Vasconcelos. 2018. From species to individuals: does the variation in ant-plant networks scale result in structural and functional changes? Population Ecology. 60:309-318. doi:10.1007/s10144-018-0634-5
  • Lattke, J. E. 1995. Revision of the ant genus Gnamptogenys in the New World (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Hym. Res. 4: 137-193 (page 188, Senior synonym of tornata)
  • Lattke, J.E., Fernández, F. & Palacio, E.E. 2007. Identification of the species of Gnamptogenys Roger in the Americas (pp. 254-270). In Snelling, R.R., Fisher, B.L. & Ward, P.S. (eds). Advances in ant systematics: homage to E.O. Wilson – 50 years of contributions. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80: 690 pp. PDF
  • Mayr, G. 1886c. Notizen über die Formiciden-Sammlung des British Museum in London. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 36: 353-368 (page 358, Combination in Gnamptogenys)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 99, worker described)

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