Goniomma hispanicum

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Goniomma hispanicum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Goniomma
Species: G. hispanicum
Binomial name
Goniomma hispanicum
(André, 1883)

Goniomma hispanicum casent0178839 profile 1.jpg

Goniomma hispanicum casent0178839 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: France, Gibraltar, Iberian Peninsula, Morocco, Portugal, Spain (type locality), Tunisia.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Morphology

Castro et al. (2016) described a stridulatory structure in this species. They used SEM photographs to discern the details they reported.

A pars stridens much wider than long (width 0.11 mm and length 0.06 mm). This is the species with the thinnest striation in the morphometric study, together with Messor capitatus, Pheidole pallidula and Tetramorium caespitum, with an average ridge width of 0.80 μm. The outline of the pars stridens is clearly rounded. Pillars are very strong and the number of teeth on their surface is higher than in Goniomma blanci. A geometric pattern can be observed on the base of the pillars.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • hispanicum. Aphaenogaster hispanica André, 1883b: 365, pl. 23, figs. 11, 13, 21 (q.m.) SPAIN. Forel, 1892g: 453 (w.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1983: 602 (l.). Combination in Stenamma (Goniomma): Emery, 1895c: 298; in Goniomma: Emery, 1908e: 461. Senior synonym of gallica, maurum, otini, tuneticus and material of the unavailable names barbaricum, nitidifrons referred here: Acosta Salmerón, 1981: 13.
  • gallica. Goniomma hispanicum var. gallica Emery, 1908e: 461 (w.) FRANCE. Subspecies of hispanicum: Santschi, 1929e: 145. Junior synonym of hispanicum: Acosta Salmerón, 1981: 13.
  • maurum. Goniomma maurum Santschi, 1926e: 235 (w.) MOROCCO. Junior synonym of hispanicum: Acosta Salmerón, 1981: 13.

Description

References

  • Acosta Salmerón, F. J. 1982 [1981]. Sobre los caracteres morfólogicos [sic] de Goniomma, con algunas sugerencias sobre su taxonomía (Hym., Formicidae). EOS. Revista Española de Entomologia 57 (1981): 7-14.[28.iv.1982.] PDF (page 13, Senior synonym of gallica, maurum, otini and tuneticus, and material of the unavailable names barbaricum and nitidifrons referred here)
  • André, E. 1883b. Les fourmis. [concl.]. Pp. 345-404 in: André, Edm. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. (page 365, pl. 23, figs. 11, 13, 21 queen, male described)
  • Castro, S., M. Alvarez, and M. L. Munguira. 2015. Morphology of the stridulatory organs of Iberian myrmicine ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Italian Journal of Zoology. 82:387-397. doi:10.1080/11250003.2015.1038323
  • Emery, C. 1895d. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der nordamerikanischen Ameisenfauna. (Schluss). Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere 8: 257-360 (page 298, Combination in Stenamma (Goniomma))
  • Emery, C. 1908f. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil III. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1908: 437-465 (page 461, Combination in Goniomma)
  • Forel, A. 1892g. Quelques fourmis de la faune méditerranéenne. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 36: 452-457 (page 453, worker described)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1983a. Supplementary studies on ant larvae: Myrmicinae. Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 108: 601-610 (page 602, larva described)