Lattke et al. 2018. Figure 1. Hair shape terms. A – subspatulate; B – linear; C – oblong; D – spatulate; E – ovate; F – reniform; G – lanceolate.
Lattke et al. (2018) - For describing hair shapes, the terms defined by Bolton (2000) are used as well as some botanical terms used for describing leaf shapes (Harris & Harris, 2001). Despite their origins in botanical morphology they are readily applicable to ant hairs. The following terms describe hair shapes:
- clavate – club-shaped, with a cylindrical basal section and a swollen, but not flattened distal section. Similar in outline to a spatulate hair, but the latter is flattened.
- lanceolate – lance-shaped, with the widest part basad (Fig. 1G).
- linear – long and narrow, much more so than oblong, with parallel to subparallel sides (Fig. 1B).
- oblong – flattened, two to four times longer than broad with parallel or subparallel sides (Fig. 1C).
- ovate – egg-shaped, flattened, with the widest part basad (Fig. 1E).
- reniform – kidney-shaped, flattened and widest close to midlength, the base is between two shallow convex lobes and the lateral and apical margins describe a broad convexity (Fig. 1F).
- spatulate – elongate and flattened, gradually tapering basad with the widest part close to the apex (Fig. 1D).
- subspatulate – similar to spatulate but with a lesser degree of tapering, not exactly oblong but not spatulate (Fig. 1A). Many of the descriptions and diagnoses describe outlines of particular body part margins; these (in particular the shape of certain teeth and hairs) are best seen by using reflected background lighting
- Bolton, B. 2000. The ant tribe Dacetini. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 65: 1-1028 (page 1, Keys to world species)
- Harris and Harris. 2006: Plant Identification Terminology: An Illustrated Glossary. Spring Lake Publishing, Spring Lake, UT, 206 pp.
- Lattke, J.E., Delsinne, T., Alpert, G.D., Guerrero, R.J. 2018. Ants of the genus Protalaridris (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), more than just deadly mandibles. European Journal of Entomology 115: 268–295 (doi: 10.14411/eje.2018.027).