Heteroponera ecarinata

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Heteroponera ecarinata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Heteroponerinae
Genus: Heteroponera
Species group: relicta
Species complex: ecarinata
Species: H. ecarinata
Binomial name
Heteroponera ecarinata
Taylor, 2015

Sympatric with H. relicta in the Bellenden-Ker Range and at Mt Fisher, Mt Father Clancy, McNamee Creek and Upper Boulder Creek. Mt Bellenden Ker, which at 1,593m is second in Queensland elevation only to the adjacent Mt Bartel Frere (the second-highest Australian mountain after Mt Kosciusco, NSW). Both peaks are in the largely rainforested Wooroonooran National Park.


Taylor (2015) - Characterized in the H. ecarinata species complex by relatively heavy sculpturation, dark blackish-brown color, with dark reddish-brown legs and antennae, and distinguished from the somewhat similar Heteroponera pendergrasti by differences in sculpturation (particularly of the frons and second gastral tergite), coloration and structure of petiolar node. Fore-coxae, propodeal declivity and posterior surface of node superficially microsculptured; propodeal declivity laterally distinctly, but not strongly, sculpturally bordered: the posterolateral edges in profile more-or-less regular and even, not serrate as a result of minutely extended cuticular points along the sculptural border. Most specimens apart from the Bellenden Ker series have the petiolar summit weakly pointed posterodorsally, and some appear not to be fully colored, possibly sub-callow. The gaster in these is lighter brown than the remaining body (and also the mesosoma in two cases). The propodeal declivity is unsculptured in most specimens, but microsculptured in several.

Apparently close to the broadly similar Heteroponera pendergrasti and to Heteroponera trachypyx at species-complex level.

Identification Keys including this Taxon


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • ecarinata. Heteroponera ecarinata Taylor, 2015b: 176, figs. 46-49 (w.) AUSTRALIA (Queensland).
    • Type-material: holotype worker, paratype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: holotype Australia: Queensland, Belleden Ker Range, 1 km. S Cable Tower 6 (17°16’S, 145°53’E), 500 m., 17-24.x.1981, QMBA berlesate 312, 314 (Earthwatch/Queensland Museum); paratypes: workers Bellenden Ker Range, Cable Tower 3, -17 16, 145 53, 1054 m., 25-31.x.1981 (Earthwatch/Queensland Museum), workers Bellenden Ker Range, 0.5 km. S Cable Tower 7, 500 m., 17-24.x.1981 (Earthwatch/Queensland Museum).
    • Type-depositories: ANIC (holotype); ANIC, QMBA (paratypes).
    • Distribution: Australia.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



(Holotype, smallest available specimen (Crawfords Lookout) largest available specimen (Mt Father Clancy): TL (ca): 5.1, 4.9, 5.2; HW: 1.23, 1.19, 1.29; HL: 1.16, 1.13, 1.20; CI: 106, 105, 108; EL: 0.22, 0.21, 0.21; SL: 0.70, 0.70, 0.74; SI: 57, 59, 57; PW: 0.91, 0.90, 0.98; WL: 1.55, 1.56, 1.60; petH: 0.73, 0.75, 0.74; petW: 0.52, 0.50, 0.50; GW 1.04, 1.04, 1.07.

Type Material

AUSTRALIA: QUEENSLAND: Bellenden Ker Range: 1 km S of cable tower 6 (17°16S, 145°53'E). Holotype Australian National Insect Collection. Paratypes ANIC, Queensland Museum.


The species epithet, a noun in apposition, refers to the ecarinate antennal scrobes.


  • Taylor, R.W. 2015. Australasian ants of the subfamily Heteroponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): (2) the species-group of Heteroponera relicta (Wheeler) with descriptions of nine new species and observations on morphology, biogeography and phylogeny of the genus. Zootaxa. 3947:151-180. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3947.2.1