Hylomyrma macielae

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Hylomyrma macielae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Pogonomyrmecini
Genus: Hylomyrma
Species: H. macielae
Binomial name
Hylomyrma macielae
Ulysséa, 2021

This species was collected at elevations between 96 and 1430 m (Letícia and Territorio Kofán, both in Colombia) with winkler extractors or Berlese-Tüllgren funnels, which suggests that nests are located in leaflitter, fallen logs, rotten wood, or inside natural cavities of the superficial soil layers. (Ulyssea & Brandao, 2021)

Identification

Head dorsum with regular and longitudinal striae, mesial striation in part directed to posterior margin and in part anteriorly divergent and posteriorly convergent, interspaces indistinguishable; mesosoma covered with irregular striae of variable thickness, assuming multiple directions, interspaces indistinguishable; metanotal groove discernible by a slight depression (LV) and altered sculpture (DV); propodeal spine long; dorsal margin of petiole discontinuous, dorsum with the same striation of mesosoma lateral; subtriangular projection on mesoventral surface of petiole; subpostpetiolar process weak, convex; profemur and protibia mostly smooth, few irregular to regular striae on basal and apical regions; short striae on tergum of first gastral segment, shorter than postpetiole length.

This species is similar to Hylomyrma blandiens, Hylomyrma dentiloba, and Hylomyrma jeronimae, sharing the adjacent striation on the mesosoma, but can be distinguished from these three species in the long propodeal spine (vs. short). Also, H. macielae can be distinguished from H. blandiens (characteristic in parentheses) in the striae on the mesosomal dorsum that assumes multiple directions (vs. longitudinal); from H. dentiloba in the oval eye (vs. drop-shaped), and the convex dorsal margin of mesonotum (vs. straight); and from H. jeronimae in the oval eye (vs. reniform), and the discontinuous dorsal margin of petiole (vs. continuous). Hylomyrma jeronimae and H. dentiloba are restricted to Central America (Figs. 84, 86), co-occuring in Panamá, whereas H. blandiens has a broad distribution in northwestern South America, from Bolivia to French Guiana (Fig. 84), overlaping in part with the area of distribution of H. macielae (south Colombia and the center-north of Ecuador) (Fig. 86).

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 1° to -4°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate
  • Source: Ulysséa & Brandao, 2021

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Colombia (type locality), Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • macielae. Hylomyrma macielae Ulysséa, in Ulysséa & Brandão, 2021: 68, figs. 46, 47, 86 (w.q.) COLOMBIA, ECUADOR.
    • Type-material: holotype worker, 13 paratype workers, 3 paratype queens.
    • Type-locality: holotype Colombia: Nariño, Orito, Territorio Kofan, 00°30’N, 77°13’W, 1000 m., 25.ix.1998, winkler 3 (E.L. González); paratypes: 1 queen with same data, 1 worker with same data but winkler 6, 1 queen with same data but 1430 m., 23.ix.1998, 12 workers, 1 queen Ecuador: Pastaza, 22 km. SW Puyo, 15.vii.1976, B-362 (S. & J. Peck).
    • Type-depositories: IAVH (holotype); CASC, DZUP, IAVH, MCZC, MZSP, USNM (paratypes).
    • Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela.

Type Material

  • Holotype: COLOMBIA: Nariño: Orito, Territorio Kofan, 00°30′N, 77°13′W, 1000m, 25.ix.1998, E.L. González leg., winkler 3 (1W) [IHVL].
  • Paratypes: same data as holotype (1Q covered with gold) [IHVL]; same except winkler 6 (1W) (MZHY208) [MZSP]; 1430m, 23.ix.1998, winkler 1 (1Q) (MZSP67387) [MZSP]. ECUADOR: Pastaza: 22km SW Puyo, 15 July 1976, B-362, S. & J. Peck (1W) (MCZENT00525515) [CASC]; same data (1W) (MCZENT00525513) [DZUP]; (1W) (MCZENT00525509) [IHVL]; (1W) (MCZENT00524684 MZSP67390) [MZSP]; (7W 1Q) (MCZENT00524682, MCZENT00524683, MCZENT00525508, MCZENT00525511, MCZENT00525512, MCZENT00525514, MCZENT00525516, MCZENT00525507) [MCZC]; (1W) (MCZENT00525510) [USNM].

Description

References