Hymenopteran Associates

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Hymenopteran parasitoids of ants have been well-reviewed by Lachaud and Perez-Lachaud (2012) and by Schmid-Hempel (1998) (Schmid-Hempel, 1998; Lachaud & Pérez-Lachaud, 2012). Quevillon & Hughes (2018) summarize interesting aspects of parasite biology for each hymenopteran family below and report 355 records of Hymenoptera from 11 families infecting ants. The majority of these records come from the Eucharitidae, which are ecto- and endoparasitoids of ant brood, followed by the Braconidae, Diapriidae, and Encyrtidae.

Agaonidae

The family Agaonidae is a group of pollinating and non-pollinating fig wasps. They spend their larval stage inside the fruits of figs. The pollinating wasps (Agaoninae, Kradibiinae, and Tetrapusiinae) are the mutualistic partners of the fig trees. The non-pollinating fig wasps are parasitic.

List of Ants Known to Host Agaonid Wasps

Ant Wasp Species Locality Source Notes
Crematogaster scutellaris Blastophaga psenes Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate

Aphelinidae

The Aphelinidae are a moderate-sized family of tiny parasitic wasps, with about 1160 described species in some 35 genera. The larvae of the majority are primary parasitoids on Hemiptera, though other hosts are attacked, and details of the life history can be variable (e.g., some attack eggs, some attack pupae, and others are hyperparasites). Males and females may have different hosts and different life histories. They are found throughout the world in virtually all habitats, and are extremely important as biological control agents.

List of Ants Known to Host Aphelinid Wasps

Ant Wasp Species Locality Source Notes
Camponotus nylanderi Aphytis melinus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Crematogaster Coccophagus chaetosus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Crematogaster Coccophagus saltator Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Crematogaster Coccophagus tetrastichoides Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Crematogaster dohrni Coccophagus saltator Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Dolichoderus Coccophagus pumilus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Dolichoderus thoracicus Coccophagus diminutus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Dolichoderus thoracicus Coccophagus pumilus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica aerata Aphytis melinus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Linepithema humile Aphytis melinus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Linepithema humile Cales noacki Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Linepithema humile Eretmocerus sp. Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Solenopsis xyloni Aphytis melinus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Tapinoma erraticum Aphytis melinus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate

Chalcididae

The Chalcididae are a moderate-sized family within the Chalcidoidea, composed mostly of parasitoids and a few hyperparasitoids. As presently defined, there are over 85 genera and over 1460 species worldwide.

List of Ants Known to Host Chalcid Wasps

Ant Wasp Species Locality Source Notes
Camponotus compressus Epitranus chilkaensis Narendran, 1989; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Oecophylla smaragdina Smicromorpha doddi Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Oecophylla smaragdina Smicromorpha keralensis Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Oecophylla smaragdina Smicromorpha lagynos Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode primary; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Oecophylla smaragdina Smicromorpha masneri Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate, primary host
Oecophylla smaragdina Smicromorpha minera Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode primary; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole titanis Notaspidium sp. Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate

Diapriidae

The Diapriidae are a family of parasitoid wasps. These tiny insects have an average length of 2–4 mm and never exceed 8 mm. They typically attack larvae and pupae of a wide range of insects, especially flies. The about 2,300 described species in 150 genera occur world-wide.

List of Ants Known to Host Diapriid Wasps

Ant Wasp Species Locality Source Notes
Acromyrmex ambiguus Szelenyiopria lucens Brazil, Uruguay Loiacono, 1987; Loiacono et al., 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016
Acromyrmex lobicornis Szelenyiopria pampeana Argentina Loiácono et al., 2000; Loiácono & Margaría, 2009; Loiacono et al., 2013; Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016
Acromyrmex lobicornis Trichopria formicans Argentina Loiacono et al., 2000; Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016
Acromyrmex lobicornis Trichopria sp. Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Acromyrmex lundii Bruchopria hexatoma Argentina Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016
Acromyrmex lundii Doliopria myrmecobia Argentina Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016
Acromyrmex subterraneus Szelenyiopria talitae Brazil Loiacono et al., 2013
Apterostigma auriculatum Leucopria www.diapriid.org potential host
Atta texana Coptera pholeomyiae www.diapriid.org potential host
Camponotus rufipes Coecopria plaumanni www.diapriid.org
Camponotus rufipes Coecopria pygmea www.diapriid.org
Cyphomyrmex Acanthopria sp. www.diapriid.org potential host
Cyphomyrmex minutus Acanthopria sp. 1 Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Cyphomyrmex minutus Acanthopria sp. 5 Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Cyphomyrmex minutus Acanthopria spp. Puerto Rico Fernández-Marín et al., 2006
Cyphomyrmex rimosus Acanthopria sp. 1 Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Cyphomyrmex rimosus Acanthopria sp. 2 Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Cyphomyrmex rimosus Acanthopria sp. 3 Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Cyphomyrmex rimosus Acanthopria sp. 4 Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Cyphomyrmex rimosus Acanthopria spp. Panama Fernández-Marín et al., 2006 at least 4 species of ''Acanthopria'' involved
Cyphomyrmex rimosus Mimopriella sp. Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Cyphomyrmex rimosus Mimopriella sp. Panama Fernández-Marín et al., 2006
Cyphomyrmex salvini Acanthopria sp. Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Cyphomyrmex transversus Acanthopria sp. 1 Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Cyphomyrmex transversus Acanthopria sp. 2 Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Cyphomyrmex transversus Acanthopria sp. 3 Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Cyphomyrmex transversus Acanthopria sp. 4 Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Cyphomyrmex transversus Acanthopria sp. 5 Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Cyphomyrmex transversus Acanthopria sp. 6 Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Cyphomyrmex transversus Acanthopria sp. 7 Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Cyphomyrmex transversus Acanthopria sp. 8 Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Eciton Szelenyiopria sp. Loiacono, 1987; Gonzalez et al., 2016
Eciton burchellii Acanthopria gracilicornis www.diapriid.org
Eciton burchellii Doliopria collegii Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Eciton burchellii Doliopria collegii Argentina Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016; www.diapriid.org
Eciton burchellii Doliopria flavipes www.diapriid.org
Eciton burchellii Paramesius brasiliensis www.diapriid.org
Eciton burchellii Trichopria catarinensis www.diapriid.org
Eciton dulcium Notoxoides pronotalis Argentina Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016; www.diapriid.org
Eciton hamatum Mimopria campbellorum www.diapriid.org potential host
Eciton hamatum Mimopria ecitophila www.diapriid.org potential host
Eciton hamatum Mimopria ecitophila? www.diapriid.org potential host
Eciton quadriglume Acanthopria gracilicornis www.diapriid.org
Eciton quadriglume Acanthopria myrmecophila www.diapriid.org
Eciton quadriglume Doliopria collegii Argentina Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016; www.diapriid.org
Eciton quadriglume Oxypria collegiales www.diapriid.org
Eciton quadriglume Szelenyiopria reichenspergeri Argentina Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016; www.diapriid.org
Eciton vagans Labidopria sp. www.diapriid.org potential host
Formica fusca Trichopria formicaria www.diapriid.org
Formica rufa Synacra sociabilis www.diapriid.org found with or associated with
Formica rufa Trichopria aequata www.diapriid.org potential host
Formica rufa Trichopria verticillata www.diapriid.org found with or associated with
Labidus Labridopria sp. Quevillon, 2018
Labidus coecus Mimopria comes www.diapriid.org
Labidus praedator Labidopria longicornis www.diapriid.org
Lepisiota Adelioneiva rudebecki South Africa
Lepisiota Ferrieropria sp. South Africa www.diapriid.org
Linepithema humile Basalys sp. Argentina Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016
Linepithema humile Trichopria sp. Argentina Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016
Mycetomoellerius zeteki Acanthopria sp. Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Mycetomoellerius zeteki Acanthopria sp. Panama Pérez-Ortega et al., 2010 ant species as ''Trachymyrmex'' cf. ''zeteki''
Mycetomoellerius zeteki Mimopriella sp. Panama Pérez-Ortega et al., 2010 ant species as ''Trachymyrmex'' cf. ''zeteki''
Mycetomoellerius zeteki Mimopriella sp. 1 Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Mycetomoellerius zeteki Mimopriella sp. 2 Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Mycetomoellerius zeteki Oxypria sp. Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Mycetomoellerius zeteki Oxypria sp. Panama Pérez-Ortega et al., 2010 ant species as ''Trachymyrmex'' cf. ''zeteki''
Mycetomoellerius zeteki Szelenyiopria sp. Panama Pérez-Ortega et al., 2010 ant species as ''Trachymyrmex'' cf. ''zeteki''
Mycetomoellerius zeteki Szelenyiopria sp. 1 Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Mycetomoellerius zeteki Szelenyiopria sp. 2 Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Myrmica americana Trichopria myrmicae www.diapriid.org potential host
Neivamyrmex carettei Asolenopsia rufa Argentina Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016
Neivamyrmex carolinensis Apopria sp. www.diapriid.org potential host
Neivamyrmex carolinensis Myrmecopria mellea www.diapriid.org
Neivamyrmex cristatus Notoxoides cornutus www.diapriid.org potential host
Neivamyrmex gibbatus Acanthopria sp. www.diapriid.org potential host
Neivamyrmex goeldii Mimopria goeldii www.diapriid.org
Neivamyrmex goeldii Mimopria pentatoma www.diapriid.org
Neivamyrmex legionis Euplacopria mutilata www.diapriid.org
Neivamyrmex legionis Philolestoides wasmanni www.diapriid.org
Neivamyrmex legionis Szelenyiopria reichenspergeri Brazil, Argentina Loiacono, 1987; Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016; www.diapriid.org
Neivamyrmex minensis Neivapria penicillata www.diapriid.org
Neivamyrmex nigrescens Ecitovagus gibbus www.diapriid.org potential host
Neivamyrmex opacithorax Apopria coveri Masner & Garcia, 2002 potential host
Neivamyrmex opacithorax Apopria sp. www.diapriid.org potential host
Neivamyrmex opacithorax Myrmecopria mellea www.diapriid.org
Neivamyrmex pseudops Asolenopsia schwarzmaieri www.diapriid.org
Neivamyrmex pseudops Euplacopria mutilata www.diapriid.org
Neivamyrmex pseudops Notoxoides pedissequus Argentina Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016; www.diapriid.org
Neivamyrmex sulcatus Notaxoides pronatalis Argentina Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016
Neivamyrmex sulcatus Notoxoides pronotalis Quevillon, 2018
Neivamyrmex texanus Apopria coveri www.diapriid.org potential host
Nomamyrmex Myrmecopria mellea Quevillon, 2018
Nomamyrmex esenbeckii Mimopria barbata Quevillon, 2018
Nomamyrmex esenbeckii Mimopria barbata www.diapriid.org
Nomamyrmex esenbeckii Mimopria comes Quevillon, 2018
Nomamyrmex esenbeckii Mimopria comes www.diapriid.org
Nomamyrmex hartigii Mimopria comes Quevillon, 2018
Nomamyrmex hartigii Mimopria comes www.diapriid.org
Plagiolepis pygmaea Plagiopria passerai Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Ponera coarctata Synacra brevipennis Nixon, 1957
Solenopsis Bruesopria sp. www.diapriid.org potential host
Solenopsis carolinensis Auxopaedeutes sp. www.diapriid.org potential host
Solenopsis fugax Solenopsia imitatrix Quevillon, 2018
Solenopsis molesta Auxopaedeutes sp. www.diapriid.org potential host
Solenopsis richteri Bruchopria hexatoma Argentina Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016
Solenopsis richteri Bruchopria pentatoma Argentina Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016
Solenopsis richteri Bruchopria pentatoma? Masner & Garcia, 2002 potential host
Solenopsis richteri Trichopria myrmecophila Argentina Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016
Solenopsis saevissima Bruchopria hexatoma www.diapriid.org
Solenopsis saevissima Pentapria cf. nodicornis Argentina Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016
Solenopsis saevissima Pentapria nodicornis Quevillon, 2018
Trachymyrmex Mimopriella sp.

Encyrtidae

Encyrtidae is a large family of parasitic wasps, with some 3710 described species in about 455 genera. The larvae of the majority are primary parasitoids on Hemiptera, though other hosts are attacked, and details of the life history can be variable (e.g., some attack eggs, some attack larvae, others are hyperparasites, and some Encyrtidae develop as parasitoids of ticks). They are found throughout the world in virtually all habitats, and are extremely important as biological control agents.

List of Ants Known to Host Encyrtid Wasps

Ant Wasp Species Locality Source Notes
Azteca xanthochroa Aenasius tachigaliae Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Camponotus Arketypon vaderi Quevillon, 2018
Camponotus Arketypon vaderi Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Camponotus acvapimensis Anagyrus lopezi Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Camponotus brutus Ooencrytus sp. Quevillon, 2018
Camponotus brutus Ooencyrtus sp. Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Camponotus flavomarginatus Anagyrus lopezi Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Camponotus nylanderi Leptomastix dactylopii Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Crematogaster Aenasius tachigaliae Quevillon, 2018
Crematogaster Aenasius tachigaliae Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Crematogaster Astymachus phainae Quevillon, 2018
Crematogaster Astymachus phainae Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Crematogaster Encyrtus ingae Quevillon, 2018
Crematogaster Encyrtus ingae Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Crematogaster Encyrtus ludmilae Quevillon, 2018
Crematogaster Encyrtus ludmilae Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Crematogaster Metaphycus monastyrskii Quevillon, 2018
Crematogaster Metaphycus monastyrskii Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Crematogaster curvispinosa Aenasius tachigaliae Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Crematogaster dohrni Encyrtus ingae Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Crematogaster luctans Anagyrus lopezi Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Dolichoderus Microterys roseni Quevillon, 2018
Dolichoderus Microterys roseni Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Dolichoderus thoracicus Microterys roseni Quevillon, 2018
Dolichoderus thoracicus Microterys roseni Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica aerata Comperiella bifasciata Quevillon, 2018
Iridomyrmex rufoniger Ananusia longiscapus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Lasius niger Anicetus beneficus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Lasius niger Bothriothorax intermedius Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Lasius niger Syrphophagus aphidivorus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Lepisiota capensis Anagyrus lopezi Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Linepithema humile Ananusia longiscapus Quevillon, 2018 as Iridomyrmex domestica
Linepithema humile Comperiella bifasciata Quevillon, 2018
Linepithema humile Comperiella bifasciata Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Linepithema humile Leptomastix dactylopii Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Linepithema humile Metaphycus anneckei Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Linepithema humile Metaphycus hageni Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Linepithema humile Metaphycus lounsburyi Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Monomorium Anagyrus lopezi Quevillon, 2018
Monomorium Anagyrus lopezi Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Myrmica rubra Syrphophagus aphidivorus Quevillon, 2018
Myrmica rubra Syrphophagus aphidivorus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Myrmicaria opaciventris Ooencrytus sp. Quevillon, 2018
Myrmicaria opaciventris Ooencyrtus sp. Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Neoponera goeldii Blanchardiscus pollux Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Ochetellus glaber Ananusia australis Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Oecophylla longinoda Anagyrus lopezi Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Oecophylla smaragdina Anagyrus lopezi Quevillon, 2018
Oecophylla smaragdina Paraphaenodiscus udayveeri Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Pheidole Holcencyrtus wheeleri Quevillon, 2018
Pheidole Holcencyrtus wheeleri Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Pheidole ceres Pheidoloxenus wheeleri Quevillon, 2018
Pheidole megacephala Anagyrus ananatis Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Pheidole megacephala Anagyrus lopezi Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Pheidole megacephala Anagyrus saccharicola Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Pheidole megacephala Blepyrus schwarzi Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Pheidole polita Holcencyrtus wheeleri Quevillon, 2018
Pheidole tepicana Holcencyrtus wheeleri Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate, primary host
Pheidole tepicana Pheidoloxenus wheeleri Quevillon, 2018
Solenopsis xyloni Comperiella bifasciata Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Tapinoma erraticum Leptomastix dactylopii Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate

Eucharitidae

Parasitic eucharitid wasp.

The Eucharitidae are a family of parasitic wasps and are members of the superfamily Chalcidoidea with 55 genera and 417 species. They are found in tropical regions of the world.

Eucharitids are specialized parasitoids of ants, with each species usually only parasitic of one genus of ant. They are one of the few parasitoids that have been able to use ants as hosts, despite ants’ effective defence systems against most parasitoids. Eucharitid parasitism occurs year-round, with a majority of it occurring during hot and humid months. However, the amount of parasitism that occurs depends primarily on the size of the ant colony and the number of host pupae in them, and not on the season.

See Eucharitid Wasps for further details.

List of Ants Known to Host Eucharitid Wasps

Ant Wasp Species Locality Source Notes
Anoplolepis Athairocharis vannoorti Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Anoplolepis Athairocharis vannoorti Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Calomyrmex purpureus Stilbuloida calomyrmecis Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Camponotus Ancylotropus manipurensis Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus Ancylotropus manipurensis Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Camponotus Lophyrocera variabilis Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus Lophyrocera variabilis Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Camponotus Mateucharis rugulosa Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus Mateucharis rugulosa Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Camponotus Pseudochalcura americana Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode secondary; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus Pseudochalcura gibbosa Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Camponotus Pseudochalcura nigrocyanea Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode secondary; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus Rhipipalloidea madangensis Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus Rhipipalloidea sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus Stilbula cyniformis Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus Stilbuloida doddi Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus Zulucharis campbelli Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus aethiops Stilbula cyniformis Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus aethiops Stilbula cyniformis Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Camponotus atriceps Obeza floridana Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus atriceps Obeza floridana Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Camponotus floridanus Obeza floridana Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus herculeanus Stilbula cyniformis Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Camponotus japonicus Stilbula cyniformis Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus japonicus Stilbula cyniformis tenuicornis Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus maculatus Hydrorhoa sp. striaticeps Kieffer complex Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus maculatus Stilbula cyniformis Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Camponotus novaeboracensis Pseudochalcura gibbosa Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Camponotus obscuripes Stilbula cyniformis tenuicornis Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus planatus Pseudochalcura sculpturata Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Cataglyphis bicolor Eucharis bedeli Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Cataglyphis bicolor Eucharis bytinskisalzi Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate and primary host
Cataglyphis nodus Eucharis microcephala Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Cataglyphis viatica Eucharis bedeli Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Diacamma scalpratum Schizaspidia diacammae Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Diacamma scalpratum Schizaspidia diacammae Thailand Peeters et al. 2015
Dinoponera lucida Kapala sp. Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Eciton burchellii Isomerala azteca Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Eciton quadriglume Orasema rapo Heraty, 1990; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host; questionable, needs confirmation
Ectatomma Tricoryna ectatommae Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Ectatomma Tricoryna ectatommae Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate, primary host
Ectatomma brunneum Dicoelothorax platycerus Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Ectatomma brunneum Galearia latreillei Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Ectatomma brunneum Kapala sp. 1 Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Ectatomma ruidum Isomerala azteca Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Ectatomma ruidum Isomerala coronata Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Ectatomma ruidum Kapala iridicolor Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Ectatomma ruidum Kapala izapa Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Ectatomma ruidum Kapala sulcifacies Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Ectatomma tuberculatum Dilocantha lachaudii Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Ectatomma tuberculatum Isomerala azteca Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Ectatomma tuberculatum Isomerala coronata Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Ectatomma tuberculatum Kapala sp. 2 Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Formica Eucharis adscendens Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Formica Eucharis adscendens Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Formica Eucharis esakii Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Formica Eucharis esakii Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Formica cunicularia Eucharis adscendens Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Formica fusca Eucharis esakii Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Formica japonica Eucharis esakii Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Formica neorufibarbis Eucharis sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Formica oreas Orasema coloradensis Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Formica oreas Orasema coloradensis Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica oreas Orasema sp. nr coloradensis Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Formica rufa Chalcura sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Formica rufa Eucharis adscendens Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Formica rufa Eucharis bedeli Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Formica subnitens Orasema coloradensis Wheeler, 1907; Johnson et al., 1986; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database questionable, needs confirmation
Gnamptogenys menadensis Pogonocharis browni Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Gnamptogenys regularis Kapala iridicolor Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Gnamptogenys striatula Kapala iridicolor Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Gnamptogenys sulcata Kapala iridicolor Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Gnamptogenys sulcata Kapala sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Gnamptogenys tortuolosa Kapala sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Hypoponera Neolosbanus gemma Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Hypoponera Neolosbanus gemma Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Hypoponera Neolosbanus palgravei Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Hypoponera Neolosbanus palgravei Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Hypoponera nitidula Kapala sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Lasius Pseudometagea schwarzii Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Lasius Pseudometagea schwarzii Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Lasius Pseudometagea sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Lasius fuliginosus Pseudometagea sp. Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Lasius neoniger Pseudometagea schwarzii Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Messor Eucharis adscendens Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Messor Eucharis punctata Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Messor Eucharis punctata Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Messor barbarus Eucharis adscendens Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Messor barbarus Eucharis punctata Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Messor concolor Eucharis punctata Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Messor structor Eucharis shestakovi Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Monomorium Orasema monomoria Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Monomorium Zuparka monomoria Heraty, 2000; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Myrmecia Austeucharis sp. Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Myrmecia Chalcura affinis Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Myrmecia Chalcura affinis Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Myrmecia forficata Austeucharis fasciiventris Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Myrmecia forficata Austeucharis myrmeciae Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Myrmecia gulosa Austeucharis fasciiventris Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Myrmecia nigriceps Austeucharis sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Myrmecia pavida Austeucharis sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Myrmecia pilosula Austeucharis implexa Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Myrmecia pilosula Austeucharis sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Myrmecia pyriformis Austeucharis sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Myrmecia tarsata Austeucharis sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Myrmecia vindex Austeucharis sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Myrmica incompleta Eucharis sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Neoponera apicalis Kapala sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Neoponera verenae Kapala sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Odontomachus Kapala sp. Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Odontomachus bauri Kapala sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Odontomachus brunneus Kapala sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Odontomachus chelifer Latina rugosa Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate, primary host
Odontomachus haematodus Chalcura deprivata Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Odontomachus haematodus Kapala sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Odontomachus haematodus Kapala terminalis Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Odontomachus haematodus Schizaspidia convergens Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Odontomachus hastatus Kapala sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Odontomachus insularis Kapala sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Odontomachus insularis Kapala terminalis Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Odontomachus laticeps Kapala sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Odontomachus mayi Kapala sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Odontomachus meinerti Kapala sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Odontomachus opaciventris Kapala sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Odontomachus rixosus Schizaspidia nasua Heraty et al., 2015; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Odontomachus ruficeps Chalcura affinis Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Odontomachus troglodytes Ancylotropus sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pachycondyla crassinoda Kapala cuprea Myers, 1931:276
Pachycondyla crassinoda Kapala cuprea Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pachycondyla harpax Kapala atrata Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pachycondyla harpax Kapala sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Paratrechina Gollumiella longipetiolata Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole Australosema valgius Girault, 1913; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole Hayatosema assectator Das, 1963; Kerrich, 1963; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole Losbanus "sp. nr. rugulosa" Heraty, 1990; Baker et al., 2019 primary host
Pheidole Orasema "sp. 2 nr. bakeri" Heraty, 1990; Baker et al., 2019
Pheidole Orasema "sp. 2 nr. bakeri" Heraty, 1990; Baker et al., 2019 ''Pheidole'' nr. ''californica''
Pheidole Orasema "sp. 2 nr. bakeri" Heraty, 1990; Baker et al., 2019 ''Pheidole'' nr. ''clementensis''
Pheidole Orasema assectator Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole Orasema minuta Heraty, 1990; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host; ''Pheidole'' nr. ''tetra''
Pheidole Orasema minuta Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole Orasema minutissima Mann, 1918; Heraty, 1994; Wetterer & Porter, 2003; Burks et al. 2018; Baker et al., 2019
Pheidole Orasema sp. Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole Orasema sp. nr. bouceki Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole Orasema sp. uichancoi-group Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole Orasema susanae Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole Orasema susanae Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host; ''Pheidole'' nr. ''tetra''
Pheidole Orasema tolteca Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole Orasema tolteca Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole Orasema valgius Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole Orasema wayqecha Herreid, 2015; Baker et al., 2019
Pheidole Orasemorpha eribotes Boucek, 1988; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole Orasemorpha eribotes Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole Orasemorpha myrmicae Heraty, 1994; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole Orasemorpha myrmicae Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole alfaroi Orasema wayqecha Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole bicarinata Orasema coloradensis Wheeler, 1907; Johnson et al., 1986; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole bicarinata Oresema sp. Arizona Stefan Cover (pers. obs.)
Pheidole bilimeki Orasema sp. Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole californica Orasema sp. b2 nr bakeri Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole capensis Timioderus acuminatus Heraty, 2000; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole ceres Orasema wheeleri Wheeler, 1907; Gahan, 1940; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole clementensis Orasema sp. b2 nr bakeri Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole dentata Orasema achkola Heraty, 1994; Baker et al., 2019
Pheidole dentata Orasema evansi Burks et al., 2018; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole dentata Orasema robertsoni Van Pelt, 1950; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole dentata Orasema sp. c1 near costari. Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole dentata Orasema sp.1 Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole dentata Orasema viridis Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole dentata Orasema wheeleri Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole desertorum Orasema simulatrix Carey et al., 2012; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole flavens Orasema costaricensis Wheeler & Wheeler, 1937; Kempf, 1972; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole gibba Orasema chunpi Brazil Silva & Casadei-Ferreira, 2020
Pheidole hirtula Orasema tolteca Mann, 1914; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole hyatti Orasema tolteca Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole megacephala Ivieosema fraudulenta Reichensperger, 1913; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole megacephala Orasema fraudulenta Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole nitidula Orasema argentina Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole nitidula Orasema worcesteri Gemignani, 1933; Heraty et al., 1993; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole nitidula Orasema worcesteri Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole paiute Orasema sp. Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole pilifera Orasema occidentalis Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986; Baker et al., 2019
Pheidole proxima Orasemorpha tridentata Brues, 1934; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole radoszkowskii Orasema worcesteri Gemignani, 1933; Heraty et al., 1993; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole radoszkowskii Orasema worcesteri Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole sciophila Orasema wheeleri Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole tasmaniensis Orasemorpha xeniades Heraty, 1994; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole tepicana Orasema viridis Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole tepicana Orasema viridis Wheeler, 1907; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole tepicana Orasema wheeleri Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole tepicana Orasema wheeleri Wheeler, 1907; Gahan, 1940; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pheidole tetra Orasema minuta Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole tetra Orasema susanae Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole vallifica Orasema costaricensis Wheeler & Wheeler, 1937; Kempf, 1972; Baker et al., 2019
Pheidole veteratrix Ibitya commnunis Burks et al., 2017; Baker et al., 2019
Pogonomyrmex badius Kapala floridana Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pogonomyrmex serpens Galearia coleopteroides Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pogonomyrmex serpens Galearia coleopteroides Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pogonomyrmex serpens Galearia latreillei Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Polyrhachis Rhipipalloidea sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Polyrhachis Rhipipalloidea sp. Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Polyrhachis Stilbula arenae Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Polyrhachis Stilbula arenae Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host; ''Polyrhachis'' sp., ''Cyrtomyrma'' sp.
Polyrhachis dives Stilbula polyrachicida Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Polyrhachis dives Stilbula polyrhachicida Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Polyrhachis dives Stilbuloida doddi Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Polyrhachis femorata Rhipipalloidea mira Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Pseudoponera stigma Kapala iridicolor Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pseudoponera stigma Kapala sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Rhytidoponera Tricoryna ectatommae Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Rhytidoponera Tricoryna ectatommae Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Rhytidoponera Tricoryna iello Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Rhytidoponera Tricoryna iello Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Rhytidoponera chalybaea Chalcura sp. nr. polita Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Rhytidoponera metallica Chalcura nigricyanea Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Rhytidoponera metallica Chalcura polita Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Rhytidoponera metallica Tricoryna chalcoponerae Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Rhytidoponera metallica Tricoryna minor Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Rhytidoponera victoriae Tricoryna chalcoponerae Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Rhytidoponera victoriae Tricoryna minor Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Rhytidoponera violacea Stilbula cyniformis Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Rhytidoponera violacea Tricoryna alcicornis Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Rhytidoponera violacea Tricoryna sp. Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Rhytidoponera violacea Tricoryna sp. nr. alcicornis Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Solenopsis Orasema pireta Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Solenopsis Orasema pireta Varone et al., 2010; Baker et al., 2019 primary host
Solenopsis Orasema sp. Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Solenopsis daguerrei Orasema xanthopus Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Solenopsis geminata Orasema sp. b1 nr bakeri Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Solenopsis geminata Orasema taii Heraty, 1990; Chien & Heraty, 2018; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host; ''Solenopsis geminata'' X ''xyloni'' hybrid
Solenopsis invicta Orasema salebrosa Heraty et al., 1993; Varone et al., 2010; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Solenopsis invicta Orasema simplex Heraty et al., 1993; Varone et al., 2010; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Solenopsis invicta Orasema sp. Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate, primary host
Solenopsis invicta Orasema xanthopus Silveira-Guido et al., 1964; Heraty et al., 1993; Varone et al., 2010; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Solenopsis macdonaghi Orasema salebrosa Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Solenopsis macdonaghi Orasema simplex Heraty et al., 1993; Varone et al., 2010; Baker et al., 2019
Solenopsis molesta Orasema coloradensis Wheeler, 1907; Johnson et al., 1986; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Solenopsis quinquecuspis Orasema aenea Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Solenopsis quinquecuspis Orasema freychei Varone et al., 2010; Baker et al., 2019;
Solenopsis quinquecuspis Orasema simplex Heraty et al., 1993; Varone et al., 2010; Baker et al., 2019;
Solenopsis quinquecuspis Orasema xanthopus Silveira-Guido et al., 1964; Heraty et al., 1993; Varone et al., 2010; Baker et al., 2019 primary host
Solenopsis richteri Orasema salebrosa Heraty et al., 1993; Varone et al., 2010; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Solenopsis richteri Orasema simplex Heraty et al., 1993; Varone et al., 2010; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Solenopsis richteri Orasema xanthopus Silveira-Guido et al., 1964; Heraty et al., 1993; Varone et al. 2010; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Solenopsis saevissima Orasema xanthopus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate, primary host
Solenopsis tenuis Orasema sixaolae Wheeler & Wheeler, 1937; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Solenopsis xyloni Orasema sp. Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Solenopsis xyloni Orasema sp. b1 nr bakeri Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Solenopsis xyloni Orasema taii Heraty, 1990; Chien & Heraty, 2018; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host; ''Solenopsis geminata'' X ''xyloni'' hybrid
Temnothorax allardycei Orasema minuta Heraty, 1990; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Temnothorax allardycei Orasema minuta Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Tetramorium Orasema "sp. 2 nr. bakeri" Heraty 1990; Baker et al., 2019 primary host
Tetramorium Orasema sp. Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Typhlomyrmex rogenhoferi Kapala sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Wasmannia auropunctata Orasema minutissima Mann, 1918; Heraty, 1994; Wetterer & Porter, 2003; Burks et al., 2018; Baker et al., 2019; Heraty et al., 2021; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Wasmannia sigmoidea Orasema minutissima Mann, 1918; Heraty, 1994; Wetterer & Porter, 2003; Burks et al., 2018; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host

Eulophidae

The Eulophidae are a large family of hymenopteran insects, with over 4,300 described species in some 300 genera. The larvae of a very few species feed on plants, but the majority are primary parasitoids on a huge range of arthropods at all stages of development. Eulophids are found throughout the world in virtually all habitats (one is even aquatic, parasitising psephenid beetles).

List of Ants Known to Host Eulophid Wasps

Ant Wasp Species Locality Source Notes
Camponotus atriceps Horismenus floridensis Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus atriceps Horismenus floridensis Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Camponotus floridanus Horismenus floridensis Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus textor Horismenus myrmecophagus Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Crematogaster Myrmokata diparoides Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Crematogaster Myrmokata diparoides Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Crematogaster Myrmokata sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Crematogaster Myrmokata sp. Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Crematogaster acuta Horismenus sp. Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Crematogaster crinosa Melittobia australica Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Crematogaster crinosa Melittobia australica Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Crematogaster depressa Pediobius acraconae Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Dolichoderus Myrmobomyia malayana Quevillon, 2018
Dolichoderus Myrmobomyia malayana Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Eciton burchellii Horismenus sp. Quevillon, 2018
Formica aquilonia Achrysocharoides niveipes Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica aquilonia Chrysocharis assis Quevillon, 2018
Formica aquilonia Chrysocharis assis Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica aquilonia Chrysocharis collaris Quevillon, 2018
Formica aquilonia Chrysocharis collaris Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica aquilonia Chrysocharis nephereus Quevillon, 2018
Formica aquilonia Chrysocharis nephereus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica aquilonia Chrysocharis orbicularis Quevillon, 2018
Formica aquilonia Chrysocharis orbicularis Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica aquilonia Chrysocharis pilicoxa Quevillon, 2018
Formica aquilonia Chrysocharis pilicoxa Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica aquilonia Cirrospilus curvineurus Quevillon, 2018
Formica aquilonia Cirrospilus curvineurus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica aquilonia Cirrospilus vittatus Quevillon, 2018
Formica aquilonia Cirrospilus vittatus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica aquilonia Derostenus gemmeus Quevillon, 2018
Formica aquilonia Derostenus gemmeus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica aquilonia Dicladocerus westwoodii Quevillon, 2018
Formica aquilonia Dicladocerus westwoodii Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica aquilonia Elachertus artaeus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica aquilonia Elachterus artaeus Quevillon, 2018
Formica aquilonia Pediobius metallicus Quevillon, 2018
Formica aquilonia Pediobius metallicus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica aquilonia Pnigalio longulus Quevillon, 2018
Formica aquilonia Pnigalio longulus Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica aquilonia Pnigalio pectinicornis Quevillon, 2018
Formica aquilonia Pnigalio pectinicornis Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica aquilonia Sympiesis gordius Quevillon, 2018
Formica aquilonia Sympiesis gordius Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica aquilonia Sympiesis sericeicornis Quevillon, 2018
Formica aquilonia Sympiesis sericeicornis Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica aquilonia Sympiesis xanthostoma Quevillon, 2018
Formica aquilonia Sympiesis xanthostoma Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Formica fusca Melittobia acasta Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Formica pratensis Melittobia acasta Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Formica sanguinea Melittobia acasta Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Lepisiota Pediobius marjorae Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Lepisiota Pediobius marjoriae Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Myrmecocystus mexicanus Tetrastichus sp. Quevillon, 2018
Technomyrmex fulvus Microdonophagus woodleyi Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate

Eupelmidae

Eupelmidae is a family of parasitic wasps in the superfamily Chalcidoidea. As presently defined, there are over 905 described species in 45 genera. The larvae of the majority are primary parasitoids, commonly on beetle larvae, though many other hosts are attacked, including spiders, and details of the life history can be variable (e.g., some attack eggs and others are hyperparasites). They are found throughout the world in virtually all habitats.

List of Ants Known to Host Eupelmid Wasps

Ant Wasp Species Locality Source Notes
Pseudomyrmex elongatulus Anastatus reduvii Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pseudomyrmex elongatulus Anastatus reduvii Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Temnothorax purpuratus Anastatus myrmecobius Quevillon, 2018 multiple encounter modes; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Temnothorax purpuratus Anastatus myrmecobius Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate

Eurytomidae

The Eurytomidae are a family within the superfamily Chalcidoidea. As presently defined, some 1420 species in 87 genera are described. Unlike most chalcidoids, the larvae of many are phytophagous (feeding in stems, seeds, or galls), while others are more typical parasitoids, though even then the hosts are usually found within plant tissues. They are found throughout the world in virtually all habitats, and a few are considered pests.

List of Ants Known to Host Eurytomid Wasps

Ant Wasp Species Locality Source Notes
Azteca Aximopsis affinis Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Azteca Aximopsis affinis Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Azteca alfari Aximopsis affinis Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Azteca alfari Aximopsis aztecicida Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Azteca alfari Aximopsis sp. Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Azteca australis Aximopsis sp. Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Azteca constructor Aximopsis aztecicida Universal Chalcidoidea Database primary host
Azteca ovaticeps Aximopsis sp. Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Azteca pittieri Aximopsis affinis Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Azteca salti Aximopsis sp. Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus balzani Aximopsis sp. Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Camponotus textor Camponotophilus delvarei Quevillon, 2018
Formica obscuripes Sycophila sp. Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate

Pteromalidae

The Pteromalidae are a very large family of mostly parasitoid wasps, with some 3,450 described species in about 640 genera. The majority are (as with most chalcidoids) parasitoids of other insects. They are found throughout the world in virtually all habitats, and many are important as biological control agents.

List of Ants Known to Host Pteromalid Wasps

Ant Wasp Species Locality Source Notes
Atta mexicana Spalangia attae Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Atta texana Spalangia attae Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Crematogaster scutellaris Philotrypesis caricae Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Lasius fuliginosus Spalangia crassicornis Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Lasius fuliginosus Spalangia nigripes Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Lasius niger Asaphes vulgaris Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Lasius niger Caenacis sp. Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Lasius niger Pachyneuron aphidis Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Myrmica rubra Asaphes vulgaris Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Myrmica rubra Pachyneuron aphidis Universal Chalcidoidea Database associate
Pheidole ceres Pheidoloxenus wheeleri Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode unknown; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Pheidole tepicana Pheidoloxenus wheeleri Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode unknown; direct transmission; transmission outside nest