Hypoponera foeda

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Hypoponera foeda
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Hypoponera
Species: H. foeda
Binomial name
Hypoponera foeda
(Forel, 1893)

Hypoponera foeda casent0902570 p 1 high.jpg

Hypoponera foeda casent0902570 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies

Specimens have been collected under rocks, sod and the bark of rotten logs.

Identification

Forel states this resembles a smaller Hypoponera punctatissima but its eyes only have 5 or 6 facets and it is more densely punctate. Workers have abundant pubescence and their color varies from yellowish to dark brown.

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil, Greater Antilles, Mexico.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Regional Notes

St Vincent

The opening text of the source paper (Forel 1893) for the following Hypoponera foeda collection records, by H. H. Smith, states "These notes are given in full, as it is thought that the precise localities in which the species were met with may be of interest to local naturalists."

(41h). October; leeward side. Various localities below 1000 ft.; under sod or stones.

(41i). Leeward side. October. Various localities; under bark of rotten logs.

Castes

Males are unknown.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • foeda. Ponera foeda Forel, 1893: 364 (w.q.) WEST INDIES. Combination in Hypoponera: Kempf, 1972a: 122. Current subspecies: nominal plus saroltae.

Description

Worker

☿. L. 1,9 à 2,7 mill. Forme d'une très petite P. punctatissima. Mais elle se distingue de cette espèce, ainsi que des P. contracta, trigona et de l'espèce suivante par ses yeux distincts, ayant de 5 à 6 facettes, du reste assez inégales. Les mandibules ont 3 ou 4 dents devant et sont indistinctement denticulées derrière. Les scapes n'atteignent pas tout à fait l'occiput. Forme du métanotum, du pédicule et de l'abdomen exactement comme chez la P. punctatissima, mais les côtes de la face déclive du métanotum sont distinctement bordés. L'écaille tient le milieu entre celle de la P. trigona et celle de la P. ergatandria. Epistome faiblement biéchancré.

Subopaque ou presque mate. Bien plus densément ponctuée que la punctatissima, mais moins opaque sur la tête que l'opaciceps. Assez abondamment pubescente; la pubescence est d'un jaune grisâtre. Pilosité dressée extrêmement courte, très éparse, en général oblique. Varie du roux jaunâtre au brun foncé.

Queen

♀. L. 2,5 mill. Comme l'ouvière. Ailes manquent.

References

  • Forel, A. 1893j. Formicides de l'Antille St. Vincent, récoltées par Mons. H. H. Smith. Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 1893: 333-418 (page 364, worker, queen described)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da regia~o Neotropical. Stud. Entomol. 15: 3-344 (page 122, Combination in Hypoponera)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Dattilo W. et al. 2019. MEXICO ANTS: incidence and abundance along the Nearctic-Neotropical interface. Ecology https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2944
  • Emery C. 1896. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. XVII-XXV. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 28: 33-107.
  • Emery C. 1911. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125.
  • Favretto M. A., E. Bortolon dos Santos, and C. J. Geuster. 2013. Entomofauna from West of Santa Catarina State, South of Brazil. EntomoBrasilis 6 (1): 42-63.
  • Fernandes, P.R. XXXX. Los hormigas del suelo en Mexico: Diversidad, distribucion e importancia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).
  • Ilha C., J. A. Lutinski, D. Von Muller Pereira, F. R. Mello Garcia. 2009. Riqueza de formigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) de Bacia da Sanga Caramuru, municipio de Chapeco-SC. Biotemas 22(4): 95-105.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Lutinski J. A., F. R. Mello Garcia, C. J. Lutinska, and S. Iop. 2008. Ants diversity in Floresta Nacional de Chapecó in Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Ciência Rural, Santa Maria 38(7): 1810-1816.
  • Perez-Gelabert D. E. 2008. Arthropods of Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti): A checklist and bibliography. Zootaxa 1831:1-530.
  • Rosa da Silva R. 1999. Formigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) do oeste de Santa Catarina: historico das coletas e lista atualizada das especies do Estado de Santa Catarina. Biotemas 12(2): 75-100.
  • Vásquez-Bolaños M. 2011. Lista de especies de hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) para México. Dugesiana 18: 95-133
  • Wheeler W. M. 1905. The ants of the Bahamas, with a list of the known West Indian species. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 21: 79-135.
  • Wheeler, William Morton. 1911. Additions to the Ant-Fauna of Jamaica. Bulletin American Museum of Natural History. 30:21-29.
  • Wheeler, William Morton. 1936. Ants From Hispaniola and Mona Island. Bulletin: Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College. 80(2):192-211.