Key to Malagasy Strumigenys

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This worker key is based on: Bolton, B. 2000. The ant tribe Dacetini. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute. 65:1-1028.

This key is from a revision that included the now synonymized genus Pyramica. Therefore there are two keys that treat two sets of Strumigenys species, the key found below and a key to Malagasy Pyramica.

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Strumigenys

1

  • With head in full-face view a preocular notch present, the ventrolateral margin of the head notched or indented immediately in front of the eye. With head in profile the preocular notch seen to continue vertically as a groove in the side of the head that extends towards the dorsal outline; in the same view preocular notch also seen to extend onto the ventral surface of the head as a transverse preocular groove that runs towards but does not reach the midline. An extremely deep and sharply defined post-buccal groove also present, extending across entire width of head immediately posterior of buccal cavity; postbuccal groove sharply separated from ventral preocular groove . . . . . 2
  • With head in full-face view a preocular notch absent, the ventrolateral margin of the head continuous to the anterior margin of the eye, without trace of a notch or indentation immediately in front of the eye. With head in profile side in front of eye without a vertical groove that extends towards the dorsal outline; in the same view without a transverse preocular groove on the ventral surface of the head. Postbuccal groove vestigial or at most a shallow transverse impression immediately posterior of buccal cavity . . . . . 23

2

return to couplet #1

  • With head in profile, upper scrobe margin ending, or at least becoming extremely indistinct, at about the level of the eye . . . . . 3
  • With head in profile, scrobe, and its dorsal margin, extending posteriorly well beyond level of eye . . . . . 9

3

return to couplet #2

  • Preapical teeth absent or at most a small spiniform denticle may be present immediately basal of apicodorsal tooth on right mandible. Apical fork of mandible subtended by a third, shorter spiniform tooth . . . . . 4
  • Preapical teeth present. Apical fork of mandible not subtended by a third spiniform tooth; at most the apicoventral tooth may have a minute spur or denticle at its ventral base . . . . . 7

4

return to couplet #3

  • With head in profile preocular groove meets and is interrupted by the upper scrobe margin before reaching the cephalic dorsum. Scapes relatively shorter, SI 78-86 . . . . . 5
  • With head in profile preocular groove extends uninterrupted to the cephalic dorsum, and is not interrupted by the upper scrobe margin. Scapes relatively longer, SI 91-132 . . . . . 6

5

return to couplet #4

  • Mesonotum with 1 pair of erect hairs on anterior margin. Cephalic dorsum with a transverse row of four erect hairs immediately in front of occipital margin . . . . . Strumigenys actis
Strumigenys actis casent0005467 profile 1.jpg
  • Mesonotum with 2 pairs of erect hairs (can be worn). Cephalic dorsum with a transverse row of six erect hairs immediately in front of occipital margin . . . . . Strumigenys ampyx
Strumigenys ampyx casent0005484 profile 1.jpg

6

return to couplet #4

  • Propodeal spines shorter, length of spine about equal to distance between bases of spines, distance between bases of spines measured distal to basal curvature. Dorsum of head sharply depressed behind vertex, forming a very shallow concave impression before occipital angles; in profile, outline of dorsal margin of occipital corners almost flat. Scapes relatively shorter, SI 91-106 . . . . . Strumigenys chilo
Strumigenys chilo casent0005508 profile 1.jpg
  • Propodeal spines long, much longer than distance between bases of spines. Dorsum of head evenly and gradually curved from vertex to posterior margin of occipital corner; in profile, outline of dorsal margin of occipital corners continuously and gradually curved, not flat. Scapes relatively longer, SI 115-132 . . . . . Strumigenys bibiolona
Strumigenys bibiolona casent0005493 profile 1.jpg

7

return to couplet #3

  • Large species, HL 1.25-1.45, HW 0.97-1.14. Mandible with truncated preapical teeth. Pronotal humeral hair absent. First gastral tergite and sternite without punctate sculpture or at most merely the extreme base of the tergite punctate, the sternite always smooth . . . . . Strumigenys grandidieri
Strumigenys grandidieri casent0005896 profile 1.jpg
  • Smaller species, HL 0.70-0.75, HW 0.55-0.59. Mandible with spiniform preapical teeth. Pronotal humeral hair present, stiff. First gastral tergite and sternite densely punctate over the anterior half or more of each sclerite . . . . . 8

8

return to couplet #7

  • Dorsum of petiole with at least 3 pairs of hairs. Propodeal spines broadly triangular. Propodeal declivity with a standing, posteriorly projecting hair at centre of lateral margin. Katepisternum smooth and shiny. Colour chocolate brown . . . . . Strumigenys dora
Strumigenys dora casent0005524 profile 1.jpg
  • Dorsum of petiole with one pair of hairs. Propodeal spines narrowly triangular and almost spiniform. Propodeal declivity without standing hairs. Katepisternum reticulate-punctate. Colour orange brown . . . . . Strumigenys fanano
Strumigenys fanano casent0005535 profile 1.jpg

9

return to couplet #2

  • In full-face view apical portion of the inner margin of the mandible concave or scooped out. Mandible without defined preapical teeth; a rounded tumulus or rarely a minute acute denticle may be present on the proximal apex of the preapical concavity . . . . . Strumigenys dicomas
Strumigenys dicomas casent0005518 profile 1.jpg
  • In full-face view apical portion of the inner margin of the mandible not scooped out or concave. Mandible with 1 or more sharply defined acute preapical teeth and/or denticles . . . . . 10

10

return to couplet #9

  • Left mandible with 2 preapical teeth and/or denticles . . . . . 11
  • Left mandible with 1 preapical tooth or denticle . . . . . 17

11

return to couplet #10

12

return to couplet #11

Strumigenys hilaris casent0005552 profile 1.jpg

13

return to couplet #12

  • Mesonotum with a single pair of erect hairs, on anterior margin. In profile, petiole node broadly triangular with a blunt apex . . . . . Strumigenys luca
Strumigenys luca casent0005581 profile 1.jpg
  • Mesonotum with two pairs of erect hairs, a shorter pair posterior to pair on anterior margin. In profile, petiole node evenly convex . . . . . Strumigenys milae
Strumigenys milae casent0005603 profile 1.jpg

14

return to couplet #11

  • Pronotal humeral hair flagellate. In profile preocular notch immediately in front of eye narrow, width of notch distinctly less than the maximum diameter of eye. (Cosmopolitan tramp species) . . . . . Strumigenys rogeri
Strumigenys rogeri casent0005897 profile 1.jpg
  • Pronotal humeral hair stiffly erect, filiform. In profile preocular notch immediately in front of eye broad, width of notch approximately equal to the maximum diameter of eye . . . . . 15

15

return to couplet #14

  • Dorsolateral margin of head posteriorly without stiff erect hairs that are longer than hairs on leading edge of scape. Upper scrobe margin with a narrow projecting lamellate rim above vertical preocular groove on side of head. Mesonotum with a single pair of erect hairs, located on anterior margin . . . . . Strumigenys lysis
Strumigenys lysis casent0005596 profile 1.jpg
  • Dorsolateral margin of head posteriorly with 2-4 (usually 3) stiff erect hairs that are longer than hairs on leading edge of scape. Upper scrobe margin without a projecting lamellate rim above vertical preocular groove on side of head; scrobe margin weakly marginate to rounded. Mesonotum with one or two pairs of erect hairs . . . . . 16

16

return to couplet #15

  • Mesonotum with a single pair of erect hairs, on anterior margin . . . . . Strumigenys nambao
Strumigenys nambao casent0005609 profile 1.jpg
  • Mesonotum with two pairs of erect hairs, a shorter pair posterior to pair on anterior margin . . . . . Strumigenys norax
Strumigenys norax casent0005613 profile 1.jpg

17

return to couplet #10

  • Head massive, broad, HW 1.28-1.65. Propodeal spines recurved anteriorly . . . . . Strumigenys vazimba
Strumigenys vazimba casent0005644 profile 1.jpg
  • Head narrower, HW < 0.90. Propodeal spines not recurved anteriorly . . . . . 18

18

return to couplet #17

  • Pronotal humeral hair long, stiffly projecting, filiform . . . . . 19

19

return to couplet #18

  • Dorsolateral margin of head posteriorly with 2-3 stiff erect hairs that are longer than hairs on leading edge of scape. Head shorter and relatively broader, HL 0.80-0.88, CI > 80 . . . . . Strumigenys fronto
Strumigenys fronto casent0005538 profile 1.jpg
  • Dorsolateral margin of head posteriorly without stiff erect hairs that are longer than hairs on leading edge of scape. Head longer and relatively narrower, HL 0.95-1.00, CI < 70 . . . . . Strumigenys carisa
Strumigenys carisa casent0005501 profile 1.jpg

20

return to couplet #18

  • Anterior margin of mesonotum with 2 pairs of stout standing erect hairs, one pair situated slightly anterior and mesad of second pair at anterior lateral margin of mesonotum . . . . . Strumigenys ection
Strumigenys ection casent0005528 profile 1.jpg
  • Anterior margin of mesonotum with only a single pair of erect hairs, situated at anterior lateral margin of mesonotum. Rarely, a second pair of hairs is present posterior to the first pair, situated at the midlength of the lateral margin of the mesonotum . . . . . 21

21

return to couplet #20

  • Upper scrobe margin with a distinct, broad lamellate rim or flange throughout its length. Basal half of scape distinctly and sharply swollen or more or less subcylindrical. Dorsum of head with a transverse row of 6 hairs close to the occipital margin . . . . . 22
  • Upper scrobe margin without a broad lamellate rim or flange throughout its length, lamellate rim when present limited to region above antennal insertion. Basal half of scape never sharply swollen, scape more or less subcylindrical. Dorsum of head with a transverse row of 4 or 6 erect hairs close to the occipital margin . . . . . Strumigenys sphera
Strumigenys sphera casent0005635 profile 1.jpg

22

return to couplet #21

  • With head in ventral view, posterior-lateral and lateral margins of postbuccal groove with a lamellate rim; posterior-lateral face of groove concave . . . . . Strumigenys admixta
Strumigenys admixta casent0005468 profile 1.jpg
  • With head in ventral view, posterior and lateral margins of postbuccal groove rounded to bluntly marginate; posterior-lateral face of groove never concave, more or less vertical or gently sloping . . . . . Strumigenys labaris
Strumigenys labaris casent0173614 profile 1.jpg

23

return to couplet #1

  • Leading edge of scape a dorsoventrally flattened convex lamella . . . . . 24
  • Leading edge of scape not a dorsoventrally flattened convex lamella; scape elongate and subcylindrical . . . . . 47

24

return to couplet #23

  • In full-face view the mandibles asymmetric, the left mandible with 3 long or spiniform teeth (including preapical and apical), the right with 4 such teeth. HL 0.55-0.70, MI 17-33. Eyes usually conspicuous, never with 4 or less ommatidia; if eyes small, then lower scrobe margin marginate, forming a sharp ridge with ventral surface of head . . . . . 25
  • In full-face view the mandibles symmetric, each with either 3 or 4 long or spiniform teeth. HL 0.37-0.71, MI 27-47. Eyes always small to minute (usually with 4 or less ommatidia); lower scrobe margin rounded, never forming a sharp ridge with ventral surface of head . . . . . 33

25

return to couplet #24

  • Dorsum of head with scattered punctures, the spaces between them smooth and shiny. Dorsum of promesonotum and petiole node smooth or with smooth surfaces between scattered punctures; without blanketing reticulate-punctate sculpture anywhere on the dorsum. Disc of postpetiole with scattered punctures or glassy smooth, without longitudinal sculpture . . . . . 26
  • Dorsum of head, and usually the dorsal surfaces of promesonotum and petiole node, entirely blanketed with dense fine reticulate-punctate to reticulate-granulate sculpture; without smooth spaces between scattered punctures. Disc of postpetiole usually with fine longitudinal striae or costulae, at least towards the sides . . . . . 30

26

return to couplet #25

  • Exposed cuticle of petiole node in dorsal view at least as long as broad, usually longer than broad. Pronotal disc as long as broad in dorsal view [length of pronotal disc measured from the anterior margin of the mesothoracic spiracle as seen in dorsal view to point at which the pronotum meets the cervical shield] . . . . . Strumigenys coveri
Strumigenys coveri casent0003240 profile 1.jpg
  • Exposed cuticle of petiole node in dorsal view conspicuously broader than long. Pronotal disc broader than long in dorsal view . . . . . 27

27

return to couplet #26

  • Cephalic dorsum with appressed spoon-shaped hairs on the lateral portions of the occipital lobes behind the level of the scrobes, these hairs as large as those that border the upper scrobe margins . . . . . Strumigenys gorgon
Strumigenys gorgon casent0003241 profile 1.jpg
  • Cephalic dorsum -without appressed spoon-shaped hairs on the lateral portions of the occipital lobes; such hairs are however present bordering the upper scrobe margins . . . . . 28

28

return to couplet #27

  • Labrum with apical lobes each terminating in a projecting broad fan-like lamella of translucent thin cuticle and a short trigger hair mesad of fan-like lamella; trigger hairs often difficult to see. Base of first gastral sternite with a row of flat, broad, spatulate appressed hairs . . . . . Strumigenys dexis
Strumigenys dexis casent0005517 profile 1.jpg
  • Labrum with apical lobes each terminating in one or two curved trigger hairs, without a fan-like lamella of translucent cuticle. Base of first gastral sternite without flat appressed hairs . . . . . 29

29

return to couplet #28

  • Mesonotum without standing hairs. First gastral tergite entirely without standing hairs . . . . . Strumigenys rabesoni
Strumigenys rabesoni casent0003242 profile 1.jpg
  • Mesonotum with a single pair of short straight standing hairs. First gastral tergite with a single pair of straight standing hairs close to the base . . . . . Strumigenys peyrierasi
Strumigenys peyrierasi casent0005625 profile 1.jpg

30

return to couplet #25

  • Erect short hairs entirely absent from dorsal surfaces of alitrunk, waist segments and first gastral tergite; hairs usually absent from cephalic dorsum, at most 1 pair of short simple hairs at occipital angles . . . . . 31
  • Erect short hairs present as follows: a transverse row of 4 across the cephalic dorsum close to the occipital margin, one pair on the mesonotum, one pair posteriorly on the petiole node, two pairs posteriorly on the postpetiole disc, at least a basal row on first gastral tergite . . . . . 32

31

return to couplet #30

  • Cephalic dorsum immediately behind clypeus with a transverse band of scale-like hairs, arranged in several irregular rows; cephalic dorsum without erect hairs. Dorsal surfaces of promesonotum and petiole node entirely blanketed with dense fine reticulate-punctate to reticulate-granulate sculpture. Disc of postpetiole with fine longitudinal striae or costulae, at least towards the sides. Promesonotum flat with bluntly marginate humeral angles . . . . . Strumigenys alperti
Strumigenys alperti casent0003239 profile 1.jpg
  • Cephalic dorsum immediately behind the clypeus without scale-like hairs; cephalic dorsum with 1 pair of short simple hairs at occipital angles. Dorsal surfaces of promesonotum and petiole node with only scattered fine reticulate-punctate sculpture. Disc of postpetiole without fine longitudinal striae or costulae. Promesonotum transversely convex dorsally with rounded humeral angles . . . . . Strumigenys carolinae
Strumigenys carolinae casent0005500 profile 1.jpg

32

return to couplet #30

  • Postpetiolar disc finely longitudinally costulate. First gastral tergite without standing hairs between the apical and basal rows . . . . . Strumigenys wardi
Strumigenys wardi casent0003243 profile 1.jpg
  • Postpetiolar disc longitudinally reticulate-punctate, often with feeble longitudinal rugulae. First gastral tergite with standing hairs present between the apical and basal rows . . . . . Strumigenys sylvaini
Strumigenys sylvaini casent0005639 profile 1.jpg

33

return to couplet #24

34

return to couplet #33

  • Pronotal humeral hair present; looped, flagellate, or straight-clavate and projecting laterally . . . . . 35

35

return to couplet #34

Strumigenys micrans casent0005602 profile 1.jpg

36

return to couplet #35

  • Row of scale-like to broadly spoon-shaped hairs on upper scrobe margin not terminating in a more or less straight clavate apicoscrobal hair. Scape strongly back-curved, with an anteriorly proj ecting subbasal lobe at the bend; apex of lobe with a projecting hair that is broadly clavate, almost fan-like. Preapical tooth of mandible set at the midlength of the mandible . . . . . Strumigenys schuetzi
Strumigenys schuetzi casent0005631 profile 1.jpg
  • Row of scale-like orbicular hairs on upper scrobe margin terminating in a more or less straight clavate apicoscrobal hair. Scape slightly back-curved, leading edge broadening at midlength and convex, not lobe-like, with a row of spoon-shaped hairs. Preapical tooth of mandible set in the distal third of the mandible. (Pantropical tramp species) . . . . . Strumigenys emmae
Strumigenys emmae casent0005894 profile 1.jpg

37

return to couplet #34

  • Pronotal disc without distinct longitudinal costulae; with densely reticulate-punctate sculpture as on posterior dorsum of head . . . . . Strumigenys lutron
Strumigenys lutron casent0005593 profile 1.jpg
  • Pronotal disc with distinct longitudinal costulae and not sculptured as posterior dorsum of head; in between costulae, pronotum smooth or with fine punctulate sculpture . . . . . Strumigenys levana
Strumigenys levana casent0005569 profile 1.jpg

38

return to couplet #33

  • Pronotal humeral hair present, stiffly remiform to thickly clavate and projecting laterally . . . . . 39

39

return to couplet #38

  • In profile, outline of alitrunk almost flat with a slight medial depression. Cephalic dorsum posterior of frontal lobes and along upper scrobe margin without hairs that are similar in shape to hairs on leading edge of scape. Lateral lobe on petiole very small and inconspicuous. Smaller, HL < 0.49, HW < 0.40 . . . . . Strumigenys alapa
Strumigenys alapa casent0005483 profile 1.jpg
  • In profile, outline of alitrunk convex in anterior half, more or less flat in posterior half; anterior mesonotal dorsum steeply descending to its posterior half. Cephalic dorsum posterior of frontal lobes and along upper scrobe margin with hairs that are distinctly narrower than hairs on leading edge of scape. Lateral lobe on petiole well developed. Larger, HL > 0.55, HW > 0.48 . . . . . Strumigenys manga
Strumigenys manga casent0003245 profile 1.jpg

40

return to couplet #38

  • Left mandible usually with two distinct preapical teeth: a longer proximal tooth and a smaller distal tooth. Larger, HL 0.53-0.71, HW 0.58-0.68 . . . . . 41
  • Left mandible with only one distinct, long preapical tooth; a minute denticle may also be present distal of the spiniform preapical tooth. Smaller HL 0.40-0.49, HW 0.38-0.45 . . . . . 42

41

return to couplet #40

  • Cephalic dorsum posterior of frontal lobes and along upper scrobe margin without hairs that are similar in shape to hairs on leading edge of scape. Erect short, narrowly clavate hairs present on head, alitrunk and petiole . . . . . Strumigenys abdera
Strumigenys abdera casent0005465 profile 1.jpg
  • Cephalic dorsum posterior of frontal lobes and along upper scrobe margin with hairs that are similar in shape to hairs on leading edge of scape. Erect short, narrowly clavate hairs absent from head, alitrunk and petiole . . . . . Strumigenys heliani
Strumigenys heliani casent0005551 profile 1.jpg

42

return to couplet #40

  • Apical fork of mandible consisting of 3 spiniform teeth, with an intercalary denticle between the apicoventral tooth and apicomedian tooth. Dorsum of alitrunk, petiole, postpetiole and gaster blanketed with numerous broadly spoon-shaped to suborbicular hairs. In profile, peduncle of petiole forming a broad translucent cuticular keel ventrally; spongiform tissue limited to a narrow strip at apex of the keel. In profile ventral spongiform tissue on postpetiole forming a hollow triangular projection . . . . . Strumigenys adsita
Strumigenys adsita casent0003246 profile 1.jpg
  • Apical fork of mandible consisting of 2 spiniform teeth, without intercalary dentition between the fork teeth. Dorsum of alitrunk, petiole, postpetiole and gaster without numerous clavate to spoon-shaped hairs. In profile, peduncle of petiole normal, not forming a broad keel ventrally. In profile ventral spongiform tissue on postpetiole not hollow and triangular in outline . . . . . 43

43

return to couplet #42

  • Cephalic dorsum -with broad spoon-shaped to orbicular hairs present from posterior clypeal margin to occipital margin. Dorsum of petiole with a pair of broadly clavate to remiform hairs . . . . . Strumigenys bathron
Strumigenys bathron casent0005491 profile 1.jpg
  • Cephalic dorsum with clavate, spoon-shaped or orbicular hairs absent from posterior third of surface. Dorsum of petiole without a pair of broadly clavate to remiform hairs, at most with a pair of filiform to narrowly clavate hairs . . . . . 44

44

return to couplet #43

  • Mesonotum with a pair of short erect hairs on anterior margin. Base of first gastral tergite with a continuous row of sharply defined basal costulae . . . . . Strumigenys mola
Strumigenys mola casent0005605 profile 1.jpg
  • Mesonotum without a pair of short erect hairs on anterior margin. Base of first gastral tergite with or without a continuous row of well developed basal costulae . . . . . 45

45

return to couplet #44

  • In profile width of lamella on propodeal declivity distinctly less than half the width of the ventral spongiform strip on the petiole, approximately equal to the width of eye. Base of first gastral tergite with a continuous row of well developed basal costulae . . . . . Strumigenys charino
Strumigenys charino casent0005505 profile 1.jpg
  • In profile width of lamella on propodeal declivity approximately half the width of the ventral spongiform strip on the petiole. Base of first gastral tergite without a continuous row of sharply defined basal costulae . . . . . 46

46

return to couplet #45

  • Basigastral costulae fine, radiating on each side of a central clear area which is free of costulae; punctulate-reticulate sculpture on tergite restricted to region of basal costulae, remainder of tergite smooth . . . . . Strumigenys dolabra
Strumigenys dolabra casent0005523 profile 1.jpg
  • Basigastral costulae short, sparse and not sharply defined, gastral tergite covered in punctulate- to granulate-reticulate sculpture, at least on lateral margins . . . . . Strumigenys toma
Strumigenys toma casent0005643 profile 1.jpg

47

return to couplet #23

  • Apical fork of right mandible with 2 (occasionally 1) intercalary teeth between the spiniform apicodorsal and apicoventral teeth; each mandible with 1 preapical stout tooth. (Mauritius) . . . . . . Strumigenys agetos
Strumigenys agetos casent0005475 profile 1.jpg
  • Apical fork of right mandible without intercalary teeth or denticles between the spiniform teeth; each mandible with 2 preapical teeth or preapical teeth absent . . . . . 48

48

return to couplet #47

  • Apical fork of right mandible composed of 3 spiniform teeth; preapical teeth absent, or at most with a small subapical tooth or denticle on left mandible. Propodeal spines long slender and recurved . . . . . 49
  • Apical fork of right mandible composed of 2 spiniform teeth; each mandible with 2 preapical teeth. Propodeal spines variable in size but not recurved . . . . . 50

49

return to couplet #48

Strumigenys agra casent0005478 profile 1.jpg
Strumigenys apios casent0005487 profile 1.jpg

50

return to couplet #48

  • Inner margin of mandible with a translucent lamina that extends from proximal preapical tooth, or close to tooth, to level of anterior clypeal margin. Mandibles in full-face view almost straight and at full closure parallel . . . . . 51
  • Inner margin of mandible without a translucent lamina extending from vicinity of proximal preapical tooth to level of anterior clypeal margin. Mandibles in full-face view with outer margins shallowly convex; rarely almost straight . . . . . 57

51

return to couplet #50

  • Upper scrobe margin bluntly marginate and gradually fading posterior of eyes, without a sharply defined rim . . . . . 52
  • Upper scrobe margin distinct and forming a thin sharply defined ridge or lamella posterior of eyes . . . . . 55

52

return to couplet #51

  • Pronotal humeral hair present, flagellate. Anterior margin of mesonotum with a pair of filiform to narrowly clavate hairs . . . . . Strumigenys bola
Strumigenys bola casent0004370 profile 1.jpg
  • Pronotal humeral hair absent. Anterior margin of mesonotum with a single pair of erect clavate hairs . . . . . 53

53

return to couplet #52

  • In dorsal view with a gap between inner margins of mandibular lamellae at full closure; width of gap approximately equal to or slightly greater than width of mandible. Gland of scape visible as an elongate patch of pale yellow tissue along the apical two thirds of the ventral scape. Disc of postpetiole more or less shiny and faintly punctulate. Petiole longer, 0.35-0.41 . . . . . Strumigenys cabira
Strumigenys cabira casent0004369 profile 1.jpg
  • In dorsal view inner margins of mandibular lamellae more or less confluent at full closure; distance between inner margins of mandibles immediately distal of clypeal margin distinctly less than width of base of mandible. Glandular elongate patch of pale yellow tissue not visible near apex of ventral edge of scape. Disc of postpetiole densely reticulate-punctate. Petiole shorter, 0.20-0.30 . . . . . 54

54

return to couplet #53

Strumigenys balux casent0005490 profile 1.jpg

55

return to couplet #51

  • Pronotal humeral hair absent. A glandular, elongate patch of pale yellow tissue not visible near apex of ventral edge of scape. Ventral spongiform lamella of petiole often with ventral margin medially notched or distinctly concave. HW 0.64-0.77 . . . . . Strumigenys chroa
Strumigenys chroa casent0005510 profile 1.jpg
  • Pronotal humeral hair present, filiform or flagellate. Gland of scape visible as a elongate patch of pale yellow tissue near apex of ventral edge of scape. Ventral spongiform lamella of petiole with ventral margin without a medial notch, a shallow medial impression may be present. HW 0.52-0.63 . . . . . 56

56

return to couplet #55

  • Pronotal humeral hair filiform. Hairs on petiole, postpetiole and first gastral tergite filiform . . . . . Strumigenys covina
Strumigenys covina casent0005512 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys covina casent0005512 profile 1.jpg
  • Pronotal humeral hair flagellate. Hairs on petiole, postpetiole and first gastral tergite remiform to clavate . . . . . Strumigenys deverra
Strumigenys deverra casent0005513 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys deverra casent0005513 profile 1.jpg

57

return to couplet #50

  • Pronotal humeral hair absent. Mesonotum with a pair of remiform to thickly clavate hairs on anterior margin . . . . . Strumigenys diota
Strumigenys diota casent0005522 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys diota casent0005522 profile 1.jpg
  • Pronotal humeral hair present, filiform, looped, or flagellate. Mesonotum with a pair of flagellate, filiform to narrowly clavate hairs on anterior margin . . . . . 58

58

return to couplet #57

  • Pronotal humeral hair stiffly filiform. Upper scrobe margin posteriorly with 1 or more stiff erect hairs that are longer than hairs on leading edge of scape . . . . . 59
  • Pronotal humeral hair flagellate or looped. Upper scrobe margin posteriorly almost always without a stiff erect hair that is longer than hairs on leading edge of scape . . . . . 60

59

return to couplet #58

  • Pronotal dorsum without hairs except for those at the humeri. Mesonotum with only one pair of hairs. Colour brownish yellow . . . . . Strumigenys diux
  • Pronotal dorsum with standing hairs in addition to those at the humeri. Mesonotum with several pairs of hairs. Colour medium to dark brown . . . . . Strumigenys doxa
Strumigenys doxa casent0005527 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys doxa casent0005527 profile 1.jpg

60

return to couplet #58

  • Dorsum of petiole node mostly shiny and smooth, at most with superficial punctulate sculpture . . . . . 61
  • Dorsum of petiole node mostly reticulate-punctate or reticulate-punctulate, occasionally the sculpture is weak and the node shiny between punctures, but disc of petiole is never mostly smooth . . . . . 63

61

return to couplet #60

  • Mesonotum with two pairs of hairs, a flagellate pair on anterior margin with a filiform pair immediately behind. Dorsolateral margins of head with 2 pairs of standing flagellate hairs near upper scrobe margin . . . . . Strumigenys epulo
Strumigenys epulo casent0005529 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys epulo casent0005529 profile 1.jpg
  • Mesonotum with one pair of stiff, slightly clavate hairs. Dorsum of head without flagellate hairs . . . . . 62

62

return to couplet #61

  • Postpetiole disc with a pair of hairs on posterior margin only. Dorsum of petiole usually without hairs. In full-face view hairs on upper scrobe margin decumbent and sharply bent at basal third. Propodeal lamella well developed, widest section usually distinctly greater in width than the maximum width of eye. Head longer and broader, HL 0.78-0.86, HW 0.52-0.59 . . . . . Strumigenys europs
Strumigenys europs casent0005533 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys europs casent0005533 profile 1.jpg
  • Postpetiole disc with three pairs of hairs. Dorsum of petiole always with a pair of hairs. In full-face view hairs on upper scrobe margin subdecumbent to suberect, curved through entire length. Propodeal lamella represented by an inconspicuous, very narrow lamellate ridge. Head shorter and narrower, HL 0.57-0.64, HW 0.44-0.50 . . . . . Strumigenys finator
Strumigenys finator casent0005536 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys finator casent0005536 profile 1.jpg

63

return to couplet #60

  • Mesonotum with only a single pair of erect hairs, located at anterior margin; shorter decumbent hairs may be present posterior to this pair . . . . . 64
  • Mesonotum with 2 or more pairs of erect hairs; shorter curved hairs may also be present . . . . . 68

64

return to couplet #63

  • Upper scrobe margins fringed with filiform to narrowly spatulate hairs; in full-face view, hairs on upper scrobe margin subdecumbent to suberect, curved through entire length and projecting well beyond the scrobe margin. Mandibles in full-face view bowed outwards. In profile ventral spongiform curtain of petiolar peduncle well developed, even at anterior fourth of peduncle. Smaller, HL 0.42-0.48, HW 0.34-0.38 . . . . . Strumigenys glycon
Strumigenys glycon casent0005542 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys glycon casent0005542 profile 1.jpg
  • Upper scrobe margins fringed with narrowly spatulate to spoon-shaped hairs; in full-face view hairs on upper scrobe margin decumbent and sharply bent at basal third, not projecting well beyond the scrobe margin. Mandibles in full-face view almost straight, or with outer margins very shallowly and evenly convex. In profile ventral spongiform curtain of petiolar peduncle variable, either well developed or nearly absent. Larger, HL 0.53-0.70, HW 0.40-0.53 . . . . . 65

65

return to couplet #64

  • Anterior half of first gastral sternite with numerous short suberect hairs. Pronotal dorsum without a longitudinal carina along midline. Mandible with spiniform preapical teeth . . . . . Strumigenys rubigus
Strumigenys rubigus casent0005630 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys rubigus casent0005630 profile 1.jpg
  • Anterior half of first gastral sternite without hairs. Pronotal dorsum often with a longitudinal carina along midline. Mandible with stout preapical teeth . . . . . 66

66

return to couplet #65

  • Mesopleural gland set in a broad concave impression that extends along half of the anterior margin of the katepisternum; maximum width of concave impression approximately equal to width of forecoxa. Spongiform appendages of petiole nearly absent. Larger, HL 0.79-0.83, HW 0.54-0.57 . . . . . Strumigenys ipsea
Strumigenys ipsea casent0005560 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys ipsea casent0005560 profile 1.jpg
  • Mesopleural gland set in a narrow, concave impression that extends much less than one forth of the anterior margin of the katepisternum; maximum width of concave impression less than the maximum width of forefemur. In profile ventral spongiform tissue of petiolar peduncle an irregular, narrow strip across the base of the peduncle or ventral strip well developed. Smaller, HL 0.53-0.70, HW 0.40-0.53 . . . . . 67

67

return to couplet #66

  • Postpetiolar disc smooth and shiny, even at lateral margins. In profile ventral spongiform curtain of petiolar peduncle well developed across entire length of peduncle, width of curtain at anterior third of peduncle is approximately equal to or greater than maximum width of eye . . . . . Strumigenys scotti
Strumigenys scotti casent0005898 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys scotti casent0005898 profile 1.jpg
  • Postpetiolar disc longitudinally striolate and usually feebly punctate on lateral margins. In profile ventral spongiform tissue of petiolar peduncle reduced or nearly absent across anterior third of peduncle, usually the deepest point in this section is distinctly less than maximum width of eye . . . . . Strumigenys inatos
Strumigenys inatos casent0005557 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys inatos casent0005557 profile 1.jpg

68

return to couplet #63

  • In profile ventral spongiform tissue of petiolar peduncle a narrow, irregular strip that is often not continuous across the base of the peduncle, the majority of the strip in the anterior third of the peduncle is distinctly less than the maximum width of eye (excluding spongiform tooth if present) . . . . . 69
  • In profile ventral spongiform curtain of petiolar peduncle conspicuous and well developed across the base of the peduncle, entire width of curtain approaches maximum width of eye . . . . . 72

69

return to couplet #68

  • Lateral margins of first gastral tergite with appressed fine hairs. Postpetiole with numerous hairs of variable length . . . . . Strumigenys lexex
Strumigenys lexex casent0005574 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys lexex casent0005574 profile 1.jpg
  • Lateral margins of first gastral tergite without appressed hairs. Postpetiole with three pairs of erects hairs of similar length . . . . . 70

70

return to couplet #69

  • Dorsum of pronotum without erect hairs except for flagellate humeral hairs . . . . . Strumigenys livens
Strumigenys livens casent0005577 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys livens casent0005577 profile 1.jpg
  • Dorsum of pronotum with 1 or more pairs of short or long suberect or erect hairs in addition to the flagellate humeral hairs . . . . . 71

71

return to couplet #70

  • In profile anterior end of ventral spongiform lamella of petiolar peduncle produced into a ventrally directed triangular . . . . . Strumigenys lucomo
Strumigenys lucomo casent0005587 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys lucomo casent0005587 profile 1.jpg
  • In profile anterior end of ventral spongiform lamella of petiolar peduncle at most a small rounded lobe, not produced into a tooth . . . . . Strumigenys lura
Strumigenys lura casent0005589 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys lura casent0005589 profile 1.jpg

72

return to couplet #68

  • Cephalic dorsum immediately behind clypeus densely clothed with curved, decumbent spoon-shaped ground pilosity. Pronotal dorsum densely reticulate-punctate as on head and with faint longitudinal striolate sculpture. Anterior half of first gastral sternite with erect filiform hairs . . . . . Strumigenys ravola
Strumigenys ravola casent0005629 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys ravola casent0005629 profile 1.jpg
  • Cephalic dorsum densely clothed with erect to curved filiform to narrowly spatulate ground-pilosity. Pronotal dorsum longitudinally striolate on a smooth surface or with superficial punctulate sculpture. Anterior half of first gastral sternite with or without erect filiform hairs . . . . . 73

73

return to couplet #72

  • Mesonotum with three pairs of erect hairs. Pronotum with at least one pair of stout erect hairs between the flagellate hairs at the pronotal humeri . . . . . Strumigenys origo
Strumigenys origo casent0005624 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys origo casent0005624 profile 1.jpg
  • Mesonotum with two pairs of erect hairs. Pronotum without stout erect hairs between the flagellate hairs at the pronotal humeri . . . . . 74

74

return to couplet #73

  • Anterior half of first gastral sternite with erect filiform hairs. Upper scrobe margins fringed with filiform to narrowly spatulate hairs; in full-face view hairs on upper scrobe margin subdecumbent to suberect, curved at apex, and projecting well beyond the scrobe margin. Smaller, HL 0.48-0.51, HW 0.37-0.41 . . . . . Strumigenys odacon
Strumigenys odacon casent0005617 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys odacon casent0005617 profile 1.jpg
  • Anterior half of first gastral sternite without erect hairs. Upper scrobe margins fringed with spatulate hairs; in full-face view hairs on upper scrobe margin decumbent and sharply bent at basal third, not projecting well beyond the scrobe margin. Larger, HL 0.56-0.59, HW 0.44-0.47 . . . . . Strumigenys langrandi
Strumigenys langrandi casent0005566 head 1.jpg
Strumigenys langrandi casent0005566 profile 1.jpg