Key to Nearctic Dorymyrmex

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This worker key is based on: Snelling, R. R. 1995a. Systematics of Nearctic ants of the genus Dorymyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Contributions in Science (Los Angeles, Calif.). 454:1-14 PDF

Please be aware this genus in the Nearctic is fraught with problems in delimiting and determining species.

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Dorymyrmex

1

Snelling 1995. Figures 1-6. Worker head (frontal view), worker head and mesosoma (profile), and female head (frontal view), respectively, of Dorymyrmex insanus (1-3) and D. smithi (4-6). Figures 1,2, and 4-6 by Tina Ross.
Snelling 1995. Figures 7-12. Worker head (frontal view), worker head and mesosoma (profile), and female head (frontal view), respectively, of Dorymyrmex flavus (7-9) and D. bureni (10-12). Figures 7, 8, 10, and 11 by Tina Ross..
Snelling 1995. Figures 13-23. 13-16. Head (frontal view) of Dorymyrmex wheeleri (worker) (13), D. paiute (worker) (14), D. reginicula (female) (15), and D. lipan (worker) (16). 17. Head and mesosoma (profile) of worker D. lipan. 18-23. Worker mesosoma (profile) of D. wheeleri (18), D. bossutus (19), D. flavopectus (20), D. grandulus (21), D. elegans (22), and D. paiute (23).
  • Mesonotal profile, in all or nearly all individuals from same nest, evenly convex (Figs. 11, 20) or flat to weakly concave (Fig. 22) . . . . . 2
  • Mesonotal profile, in all or nearly all individuals from same nest, with distinct dorsal and declivitous faces that meet in more or less well-defined angle (Figs. 18, 19) . . . . . 4

2

return to couplet #1

  • Promesonotal profile convex, base of propodeum angled 1450 or less to plane of posterior ponion of mesonotum (Figs. 11,20); scape surpassing vertex by no more than 0.33 times its length (Fig. 10); color various . . . . . 3
  • Promesonotal profile flat, base of propodeum angled 1650 or more to plane of mesonotum (Fig. 22); scape surpassing vertex by nearly 0.5 times its length; color uniformly clear yellow (gastral apex sometimes darkened) (Florida) . . . . . Dorymyrmex elegans
Dorymyrmex elegans casent0003314 head 1.jpg
Dorymyrmex elegans casent0003314 profile 1.jpg

3

return to couplet #2

  • Head (Fig. 10) broad, CI over 87 (less in some minor workers); scape relatively short (SI less than 112); propodeal tubercle blunt, posterior face straight or slightly convex (Fig. 11); color largely yellow or reddish yellow but if head and gaster infuscated, then mesosoma also infuscated (Maryland to Florida, west to eastern Texas) . . . . . Dorymyrmex bureni
Dorymyrmex bureni casent0103863 head 1.jpg
Dorymyrmex bureni casent0103863 profile 1.jpg
  • Head narrower, CI less than 87; scape relatively longer, (SI at least 112 in 95% of individuals); propodeal tubercle sharper, posterior face slightly concave (Fig. 20); head and gaster brown, mesosoma clear yellowish (Florida) . . . . . Dorymyrmex flavopectus
Dorymyrmex flavopectus casent0103887 head 1.jpg
Dorymyrmex flavopectus casent0103887 profile 1.jpg

4

return to couplet #1

  • Front of head and discs of gastral terga 1-3 shiny, with only obscure sparse to scattered appressed pubescence . . . . . 5
  • Front of head and discs of gastral terga 1-3 only moderately shiny, with abundant appressed pubescence that partially obscures surface and imparts silky sheen to surface in oblique view . . . . . 7

5

return to couplet #4

  • Posterior face of mesonotum distinctly sloping in profile (Figs. 17, 18) . . . . . 6
  • Posterior face of mesonotum nearly vertical in profile (Fig. 19) (Florida and Georgia) . . . . . Dorymyrmex bossutus
Dorymyrmex bossutus casent0103858 head 1.jpg
Dorymyrmex bossutus casent0103858 profile 1.jpg

6

return to couplet #5

  • Propodeal tubercle short and preceded by transverse crease (Fig. 18); disc of gastral tergum 1 slightly shiny, distinctly roughened (Arizona) . . . . . Dorymyrmex wheeleri
Dorymyrmex wheeleri casent0173018 head 1.jpg
Dorymyrmex wheeleri casent0173018 profile 1.jpg
  • Propodeal tubercle relatively higher and not preceded by transverse crease (Fig. 17); disc of gastral tergum 1 smooth and shiny (Texas) . . . . . Dorymyrmex lipan
Dorymyrmex lipan casent0103440 head 1.jpg
Dorymyrmex lipan casent0103440 profile 1.jpg

7

return to couplet #4

  • Head relatively narrow, CI usually less than 88, rarely as much as 90; vertex margin straight or slightly convex (Figs. 4, 7); eye relatively large, 100 usually less than 1.50 (never over 1.70) times EL and EL equal to or exceeding OMD; female unicolorous yellowish or brownish . . . . . 8
  • Head relatively broad, CI over 90; eye relatively small, 100 at least 1.75 times EL, OMD at least equal to, and usually greater than, EL; vertex margin usually distinctly concave in frontal view, rarely straight; female head and mesosoma red, gaster blackish . . . . . 10

8

return to couplet #7

  • Propodeal tubercle relatively prominent; pronotum usually with discal seta pair, or, if absent, color distinctly yellowish (west of Mississippi River) . . . . . 9
  • Propodeal tubercle short (Fig. 21); pronotal disc without erect setae (Illinois?, Michigan?, New Jersey, south to Florida and Alabama) . . . . . Dorymyrmex grandulus
Dorymyrmex grandulus casent0103878 head 1.jpg
Dorymyrmex grandulus casent0103878 profile 1.jpg

9

return to couplet #8

  • Color light to dark brownish, head and gaster commonly darker than mesosoma; pronotal seta pair usually present (Kansas to central Texas, west to southern California) . . . . . Dorymyrmex insanus
Dorymyrmex insanus casent0005319 head 1.jpg
Dorymyrmex insanus casent0005319 profile 1.jpg
  • Color clear yellowish to reddish yellow, often with vertex, mesosomal dorsum, and apex of gaster infuscated; pronotal seta pair commonly absent (Kansas and eastern Colorado to southern Texas, eastern New Mexico, and western Louisiana) . . . . . Dorymyrmex flavus
Dorymyrmex flavus casent0005321 head 1.jpg
Dorymyrmex flavus casent0005321 profile 1.jpg

10

return to couplet #7

  • Head and mesosoma red (western Texas to southern Nevada and California) . . . . . Dorymyrmex bicolor
Dorymyrmex bicolor casent0005318 head 1.jpg
Dorymyrmex bicolor casent0005318 profile 1.jpg

11

return to couplet #10

  • Vertex, in frontal view, distinctly concave (Fig. 4) (North Dakota south to eastern New Mexico and western Texas, east across southern states to North Carolina, Georgia, and Florida) . . . . . Dorymyrmex smithi
Dorymyrmex smithi casent0103442 head 1.jpg
Dorymyrmex smithi casent0103442 profile 1.jpg
  • Vertex, in frontal view, straight or weakly concave (Fig. 14) (Utah) . . . . . Dorymyrmex paiute
Dorymyrmex paiute casent0103441 head 1.jpg
Dorymyrmex paiute casent0103441 profile 1.jpg