Key to Temnothorax salvini clade workers

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This worker key is based on: Prebus, M.M. 2021. Taxonomic revision of the Temnothorax salvini clade (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a key to the clades of New World Temnothorax. PeerJ. 9:e11514 462p. doi:10.7717/peerj.11514.

Key to species of the salvini clade based on the worker caste Two species, both described from Cuba, that are potentially members of the salvini clade were unable to be observed for this study. Therefore, Temnothorax cuyaguateje and Temnothorax imias are incertae sedis in Temnothorax.

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1

  • Body without standing setae of any kind, except on the clypeus and borders of the gastral sclerites; propodeum strongly depressed; propodeal spines long and down curved; petiolar node subquadrate; southern Texas to Nicaragua . . . . . Temnothorax misomoschus (misomoschus group)
Temnothorax misomoschus LACMENT323430 F120 a.jpg
Temnothorax misomoschus LACMENT323430 F120 b-c.jpg


  • Body with standing setae: may be sparse, but at least present on the dorsum of the head, dorsum of the pronotum, and posterior margin of the postpetiole; other characters variable; widespread . . . . . 2

2

return to couplet #1

  • Dorsal surfaces of legs and nearly all other surfaces of the body covered in long, tapering, suberect to subdecument setae (Figs. 37A–37C) . . . . . 3
  • Dorsal surfaces of legs without long, tapering, suberect setae: long suberect setae, if present, are restricted to the ventral surface of the legs (Figs. 37D–37F) . . . . . 15
Figure 37.

3

return to couplet #2

  • In profile view, promesonotum forming a bulging, even convexity; metanotal groove impressed; propodeum strongly depressed below the level of the promesonotum (Figs. 38A & 38B); ground- or litter-nesting species; U.S.A. to Nicaragua (pergandei group) . . . . . 4
  • In profile view, promesonotum grading evenly into propodeum, not bulging; metanotal groove often obscure; propodeum not strongly depressed (Figs. 38C & 38D); nesting habitat variable . . . . . 5
Figure 38.

4

return to couplet #3

Temnothorax pergandei casent0172989 head 1.jpg
Temnothorax pergandei casent0172989 profile 1.jpg
  • Propodeal teeth absent (see previous couplet Fig. 38B); propodeal angles rounded and marked by a carina; Central America, south of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec . . . . . Temnothorax bison (pergandei group)
Temnothorax bison casent0636947 F128 b.jpg
Temnothorax bison casent0636947 F128 a.jpg

5

return to couplet #3

  • Mesosoma strongly arched in profile view (Figs. 39A & 39B) . . . . . 6
  • Mesosoma not strongly arched in profile view: flat to slightly sinuate (Figs. 39C & 39D); arboreally-nesting species in Central America from Southern Mexico to Panama (salvini group, in part) . . . . . 7
Figure 39.

6

return to couplet #5

  • Dorsum of head above compound eyes and dorsum of mesosoma smooth and shining (see previous couplet Figs. 39A & 39E); integument predominantly dark brown to black; nesting in hollow twigs in the leaf litter, in dead branches, or under bark near the ground on live trees; Sonoran Desert . . . . . Temnothorax politus (subditivus group, part)
Temnothorax polita casent0104690 head 1.jpg
Temnothorax polita casent0104690 profile 1.jpg
  • Dorsum of head above compound eyes and dorsum of mesosoma areolate, with overlying rugose sculpture (see previous couplet Figs. 39B & 39F); integument predominantly yellow to testaceous; nesting habitat unknown, collected from leaf litter extractions; Southern Mexico to Honduras (salvini group, in part) . . . . . Temnothorax terraztecus (salvini group, part)
Temnothorax terraztecus casent0868966 F164 b.jpg
Temnothorax terraztecus casent0868966 F164 a.jpg

7

return to couplet #5

  • Petiolar node strongly squamiform, broadly expanded apically: PNWI ≥ 160, corners distinctly angulate in posterior view (Fig. 40A) . . . . . 8
  • Petiolar node not as strongly squamiform, not as broadly expanded apically: PNWI ≤150, corners rounded in posterior view (Fig. 40B) . . . . . 11
Figure 40.

8

return to couplet #7

  • Light yellow to color orange, subpetiolar tooth acutely spiniform (Fig. 41A) . . . . . 9
Figure 41.
Temnothorax longicaulis
Temnothorax longicaulis casent0758334 F157 a.jpg

9

return to couplet #8

  • Dorsum of head with strongly rugose sculpture overlying areolate sculpture; subpetiolar tooth shorter than the setae that arises from the peduncle directly above it (Fig. 42A; may be decumbent in some specimens); dorsum of petiolar node and postpetiole lightly sculptured; size larger: WL> 1.25 mm . . . . . Temnothorax aztecoides (salvini group, part)
Figure 42.
Temnothorax aztecoides casent0758791 F154 a.jpg
Temnothorax aztecoides casent0758791 F154 b-c.jpg
  • Dorsum of head with weaker, costate-rugose sculpture overlying areolate sculpture; subpetiolar tooth longer: equal to or longer than the setae that arise from the peduncle directly above it (Fig. 42B; may be decumbent in some specimens); dorsum of petiolar node and postpetiole smooth and shining to very weakly areolate-rugulose; size smaller: WL <1.17 mm . . . . . 10

10

return to couplet #9

Figure 43.
Temnothorax aztecus
Temnothorax aztecus casent0915382 p 1 high.jpg
Temnothorax paraztecus
Temnothorax paraztecus casent0629030 F160 b-c.jpg

11

return to couplet #7

  • Subpetiolar tooth equal to or longer than the setae that arises from the peduncle directly above it (Fig. 44A; may be decumbent in some specimens) . . . . . Temnothorax longinoi (salvini group, part)
Figure 44.
Temnothorax longinoi
Temnothorax longinoi casent0758892 F158 b-c.jpg
  • Subpetiolar tooth shorter than the setae that arises from the peduncle directly above it (Fig. 44B; may be decumbent in some specimens) . . . . . 12

12

return to couplet #11

Figure 45.
Temnothorax quetzal
Temnothorax quetzal casent0614495 F162 a.jpg

13

return to couplet #12

Figure 46.
Temnothorax salvini
Temnothorax salvini casent0010847 profile 1.jpg
  • Petiolar node expanded apically: PNWI ≥ 160 (Fig. 46B) . . . . . 14

14

return to couplet #13

Figure 47.
Temnothorax parvidentatus
Temnothorax parvidentatus casent0756087 F161 b-c.jpg
Temnothorax fortispinosus
Temnothorax fortispinosus JTLC000010282 F156 b-c.jpg

15

return to couplet #14

  • Antennal scapes with suberect pilosity (Fig. 48A); postpetiole moderately broad, 2.1 to 2.2 times the width of the caudal cylinder of the petiole in dorsal view (PSI 210-220); anterior quarter of first gastral tergite very weakly areolate; integument light yellow; Baja California . . . . . Temnothorax pilicornis (pilicornis group)
Figure 48.
Temnothorax pilicornis
Temnothorax pilicornis casent0756186 F132 a.jpg
  • Antennal scapes with subdecumbent to adpressed pilosity (Fig. 48B); postpetiole narrow to very broad; if first gastral tergite sculptured and integument yellow, then petiole narrower: less than 2 times the width of the caudal cylinder in dorsal view (PSI <200); widespread . . . . . 16

16

return to couplet #15

  • Petiolar node cuneiform to subcuneiform (Figs. 49A–49C) . . . . . 17
  • Petiolar node shaped otherwise (Figs. 49D–49F) . . . . . 18
Figure 49.

17

return to couplet #16

Figure 50.
Temnothorax rugosus
Temnothorax rugosus LACMENT323296 F152 b-c.jpg
Temnothorax acuminatus
Temnothorax acuminatus F91 b.jpg

18

return to couplet #16

  • Petiole with a transverse carina anterodorsally (Figs. 51A & 51B); postpetiole narrow, <1.5 times as wide as the caudal cylinder of the petiole in dorsal view (PWI <150) (Figs. 51C & 51D); Mexico . . . . . 19
  • Petiole with a transverse carina dorsally or not (Fig. 51E); postpetiole relatively broad, ≥ 1.5 times as wide as the caudal cylinder of the petiole in dorsal view (PWI ≥ 150) (Figs. 51F–51H); widespread . . . . . 20
Figure 51.

19

return to couplet #18

  • Anterior margin of clypeus entire (Fig. 52A); propodeum without many setae dorsally, except near extreme anterior near the metanotal groove and midway along the length of the propodeal spines (Fig. 52B); petiolar node dorsally rounded in profile view; first gastral sternite areolate-rugulose; Mexico (Veracruz) . . . . . Temnothorax tuxtlanus (acuminatus group, part)
Figure 52.
Temnothorax tuxtlanus
Temnothorax tuxtlanus casent0640472 F92 a.jpg
  • Anterior margin of clypeus emarginate (Fig. 52C); propodeum with at least one pair of setae dorsally (Fig. 52D); petiolar node dorsally truncate in profile view; first gastral sternite smooth; Mexico (Chihuahua; rugosus group, in part) . . . . . Temnothorax parralensis (rugosus group, part)
Temnothorax parralensis
Temnothorax parralensis LACMENT323355 F151 b-c.jpg

20

return to couplet #18

  • With the following characters in combination: anterior margin of the clypeus strongly emarginate medially; petiolar peduncle short to moderately long, comprising half the length of the petiole or less; petiolar node subquadrate, erect, and relatively short: NI <170 (Fig. 53); arboreally-nesting species from Southwestern U.S.A. to South Central Mexico (annexus group) . . . . . 21
  • Not having the above combination of characters; if clypeus is strongly emarginate, then petiolar peduncle is longer and/or petiolar node is not subquadrate; widespread . . . . . 25
Figure 53.

21

return to couplet #20

  • Setae, if present on gula, not erect (Fig. 54B) . . . . . 24
Figure 54.

22

return to couplet #21

Figure 55.
Temnothorax balnearius
Temnothorax balnearius LACMENT323199 F98 b-c.jpg

23

return to couplet #22

  • Petiolar node lower, not as strongly quadrate in profile view; posterior margin of petiolar node indistinct in profile view, much shorter than dorsal margin (Fig. 56A); first gastral tergite densely areolate . . . . . Temnothorax obtusigaster (annexus group)
Figure 56.
Temnothorax obtusigaster
Temnothorax obtusigaster casent0758654 F99 b-c.jpg
  • Petiolar node high and strongly quadrate in profile view; posterior margin of petiolar node distinct in profile view, about two thirds as long as dorsal margin (Fig. 56B); first gastral tergite smooth and shining . . . . . Temnothorax arbustus (annexus group)
Temnothorax arbustus
Temnothorax arbustus casent0758357 F97 a.jpg

24

return to couplet #21

  • Propodeal spines longer, broad; petiole pedunculate (Fig. 57A); body heavily sculptured: pronotum in profile view areolate with overlying rugose sculpture . . . . . Temnothorax annexus (annexus group)
Figure 57.
Temnothorax annexus
Temnothorax annexus MCZENT00561747 F96 a.jpg
  • Propodeal spines shorter, less broad; peduncle of petiole shorter (Fig. 57B); body less heavily sculptured: pronotum in profile view predominantly areolate, without overlying rugose sculpture . . . . . Temnothorax quercicola (annexus group)
Temnothorax quercicola
Temnothorax quercicola LACMENT323216 F100 b-c.jpg

25

return to couplet #20

  • Propodeal spines long (PSI ≥ 22), acute, and directed dorsally: forming an angle of 130 ° or greater with the propodeal declivity in profile view (Fig. 58a–58C) . . . . . 26
  • Propodeal spines, if directed dorsally, not long (PSI ≤ 20; Fig. 58D–58F) . . . . . 28
Figure 58.

26

return to couplet #25

Figure 59.
Temnothorax tenuisculptus
Temnothorax tenuisculptus casent0913005 p 1 high.jpg
  • Dorsum of head strongly sculptured: uniformly areolate-rugulose with overlying costulate or rugulose sculpture; petiolar node rounded dorsally (Figs. 59B, 59C, 59E, 59F); Southern Mexico to Honduras . . . . . 27

27

return to couplet #26

Figure 60.
Temnothorax acutispinosus JTLC000007447 F93 b.jpg
Temnothorax acutispinosus JTLC000007447 F93 a.jpg


  • Postpetiole relatively broad: about 2 times as wide as the caudal cylinder of the petiole in dorsal view (PWI ~ 200; Fig. 60B); Honduras . . . . . Temnothorax altinodus (altinodus group)
Temnothorax altinodus
Temnothorax altinodus casent0617708 F94 a.jpg

28

return to couplet #25

  • With the following characters in combination: dorsal surface of head uniformly areolate (Fig. 61A); petiolar peduncle moderately long, comprising less than half the petiolar length; petiolar node antero-posteriorly compressed and tall, with posterior face about as long as the anterior face in profile view (Fig. 61B); Texas and Northern Mexico . . . . . Temnothorax terrigena (terrigena group)
Figure 61.
Temnothorax terrigena
Temnothorax terrigena casent0104775 profile 1.jpg
  • Not matching the above description; if dorsal surface of head is uniformly areolate and petiolar peduncle is moderately long, then the petiolar node is not antero-posteriorly compressed and tall; widespread . . . . . 29

29

return to couplet #28

  • Petiolar node tall and leaning posteriorly in profile view, overhanging the caudal cylinder of the petiole (Figs. 62A–62C); Mexico to Nicaragua (augusti group) . . . . . 30
  • Petiolar node, if tall, not leaning posteriorly in profile view (Figs. 62D–62F); widespread . . . . . 33
Figure 62.

30

return to couplet #29

Figure 63.
Temnothorax augusti
Temnothorax augusti MCZENT00021005 F102 b-c.jpg

31

return to couplet #30

Figure 64.
Temnothorax leucacanthus
Temnothorax leucacanthus casent0912957 p 1 high.jpg

32

return to couplet #31

Temnothorax aureus casent0619363 F103 b.jpg
Temnothorax aureus casent0619363 F103 a.jpg
Temnothorax leucacanthus casent0912957 h 1 high.jpg
Temnothorax leucacanthus casent0912957 p 1 high.jpg

33

return to couplet #29

  • Antennal scapes long, exceeding the posterior margin of the head by about two times the maximum width of the scape when fully retracted (SI> 110); dorsum of mesosoma not strongly arched dorsally in profile view; propodeal spines shorter than the propodeal declivity (PSI <35); petiolar node subquadrate; Mexico (Puebla) . . . . . Temnothorax casanovai (casanovai group)
Temnothorax casanovai LACMENT323462 F106 a.jpg
Temnothorax casanovai LACMENT323462 F106 b-c.jpg
  • Not matching the above description; if antennal scapes are long, mesosoma strongly arched dorsally, propodeal spines longer than the propodeal declivity, and petiolar node is squamiform; widespread . . . . . 34

34

return to couplet #33

  • With the following character combination: propodeal spines short (PSI <30); in profile view, dorsum of petiolar node subquadrate to rounded, and bearing four to six erect setae (Figs. 65A–65C); in dorsal view, postpetiole moderately broad (190 <PWI <235; Figs. 65D–65F); Southern Mexico to Guatemala (goniops group, in part) . . . . . 35
Figure 65.

35

return to couplet #34

Figure 66.
Temnothorax xincai
Temnothorax xincai casent0632983 F119 b-c.jpg
  • Dorsum of head and post-petiole areolate-rugulose (Figs. 66C & 66D) . . . . . 36

36

return to couplet #35

Figure 67.
Temnothorax ixili
Temnothorax ixili casent0912951 p 1 high.jpg
Temnothorax achii
Temnothorax achii JTLC000009876 F115 a.jpg

37

return to couplet #34

Figure 68.

38

return to couplet #37

  • In dorsal view, propodeal spines straight and evenly diverging: negative space between the propodeal spines “V” shaped, or a basally truncate “V” (Figs. 69A–69C); dorsum of petiolar node flat, sides evenly converging basally (Figs. 69A & 69C); widespread . . . . . Temnothorax subditivus (subditivus group, part)
Figure 69.
Temnothorax subditivus
Temnothorax subditivus casent0104742 profile 1.jpg
  • In dorsal view, propodeal spines diverging, but curved toward the midline of the body: negative space between the propodeal spines “U” shaped, or a basally truncate “U” (Figs. 69D–69F); dorsum of petiolar node rounded to flat, sides bowed (Figs. 69D–69F); Bahamas and Cuba (pastinifer group, in part) . . . . . 39

39

return to couplet #38

  • Head sculptured: areolate to areolate-rugulose with overlying rugulose sculpture (Figs. 70B–70F) . . . . . 40
Figure 70.

40

return to couplet #39

  • Anterior margin of clypeus strongly emarginated (Fig. 71A); in profile view, petiole strongly squamiform and overhanging the petiolar peduncle; petiole with only two erect setae dorsally, postpetiole with six or fewer (Fig. 71B) . . . . . Temnothorax pastinifer (pastinifer group, part)
Figure 71.
Temnothorax pastinifer
Temnothorax pastinifer casent0758861 F124 b-c.jpg
  • Anterior margin of clypeus entire or, if weakly indented, head and mesosoma with well-defined rugae in addition to areolae (Fig. 71C); in profile view, petiole strongly squamiform or not; petiole with four or more erect setae, postpetiole with ten or more (Fig. 71D) . . . . . 41

41

return to couplet #40

  • Antennal scape long, surpassing posterior margin of head by> 2x the maximum width of the scape when fully retracted (SI ~ 106; Fig. 72A); petiolar node strongly enlarged apically (PNWI> 180; Fig. 72B) . . . . . Temnothorax rutabulafer (pastinifer group, part)
Figure 72.
Temnothorax rutabulafer
Temnothorax rutabulafer casent0758266 F125 b-c.jpg
  • Antennal scape short, barely surpassing the posterior margin of head when fully retracted (Fig. 72C); petiolar node weakly enlarged apically (PNWI <160; Fig. 72D) . . . . . Temnothorax androsanus (pastinifer group, part)
Temnothorax androsanus
Temnothorax androsanus casent0914182 p 1 high.jpg

42

return to couplet #37

  • With the following character combination: antennal scapes surpassing the posterior margin of the head capsule by about one and a half times their length; dorsum of mesosoma strongly arched; petiole with a moderately long peduncle; petiolar node high, strongly rounded dorsally, and wider than the caudal cylinder of the petiole in dorsal view; postpetiole wide (215 <PWI <240); bicolored species: head capsule dark, remainder of body light yellow; Cuba (pastinifer group, in part) . . . . . Temnothorax nigricans (pastinifer group]], part)
Temnothorax nigricans casent0915381 h 1 high.jpg
Temnothorax nigricans casent0915381 p 1 high.jpg

43

return to couplet #42

  • Postpetiole moderately broad (150 <PWI <220; Figs. 73A–73D); Mexico to Costa Rica . . . . . 58
  • Postpetiole very broad (PWI> 220; Figs. 73E–73H); Southern Florida, Bahamas, Greater Antilles, Northern Lesser Antilles (pulchellus group) . . . . . 44
Figure 73.

44

return to couplet #43

  • Hind femora strongly incrassate (FI> 370); propodeal spines short (PSI <21) and petiole with> 4 erect setae (Fig. 74A); Hispaniola . . . . . Temnothorax laticrus (pulchellus group)
Figure 74.
Temnothorax laticrus
Temnothorax laticrus casent0758263 F143 b-c.jpg
  • Hind femora not as strongly incrassate (FI <360); propodeal spines longer (PSI ≥ 30) and petiole with ≤ 4 erect setae (Fig. 74B); widespread, including Hispaniola . . . . . 45

45

return to couplet #44

  • Erect setae on dorsum of mesosoma very sparse, restricted to a pair arising from the promesonotum (Figs. 75A & 75B) . . . . . 46
  • Standing setae on dorsum of mesosoma more abundant, with erect setae on other regions of the mesosoma, in addition to the promesonotum (Figs. 75C & 75D) . . . . . 47
Figure 75.

46

return to couplet #45

  • Dorsum of head and mesosoma smooth and shining; dorsum of petiole with two erect setae; bicolored: head and gaster dark brown, remainder of body yellow; U.S. and British Virgin Islands . . . . . Temnothorax pulchellus (pulchellus group)
Temnothorax pulchellus LACMENT323204 F145 a.jpg
Temnothorax pulchellus LACMENT323204 F145 b-c.jpg
Temnothorax wettereri casent0756094 F148 b.jpg
Temnothorax wettereri casent0756094 F148 a.jpg

47

return to couplet #45

  • Petiole with only 2 erect setae (Figs. 76A –76C) . . . . . 48
Figure 76.

48

return to couplet #47

  • Head predominantly smooth and shining, with weak costulate sculpture along the medial edges of the frontal carinae (Fig. 77A); Cuba . . . . . 49
Figure 77.
  • Head with stronger sculpture, either with a smooth central strip surrounded by weakly areolate and costulate sculpture, or with the head uniformly areolate (Figs. 77B & 77C); southern Florida, Bahamas, and Cuba . . . . . Temnothorax torrei (pulchellus group)
Temnothorax torrei MCZENT00583611 F147 a.jpg
Temnothorax torrei MCZENT00583611 F147 b-c.jpg

49

return to couplet #48

  • In full-face view, posterior margin of head passing into the lateral margins through a broad curve, giving the head an ovular shape (Fig. 78A); in dorsal view, promesonotal suture deeply impressed and extending to the dorsal face of the mesosoma (Fig. 78B); in profile view, petiolar node subquadrate: dorsal face transitioning to posterior face through a rounded ~90 ° angle (Fig. 76C, see couplet #47) . . . . . Temnothorax hippolyta (pulchellus group)
Figure 78.
Temnothorax hippolytus
Temnothorax hippolytus LACMENT323469 F142 a.jpg
  • In full-face view, posterior margin of head passing into the lateral margins through a rounded angle, giving the head a boxy shape (Fig. 78C); in dorsal view, promesonotal suture not deeply impressed (Fig. 78D); in profile view, petiolar node not subquadrate: dorsal face transitioning to posterior face through broad curve (Fig. 76B) . . . . . Temnothorax terricola (pulchellus group)
Temnothorax terricola
Temnothorax terricola USNMENT00922871 F146 a.jpg

50

return to couplet #47

  • Dorsum of head uniformly areolate (Figs. 79A–79C) . . . . . 51
  • Dorsum of head smooth and shining, or sculptured otherwise (Figs. 79D –79F) . . . . . 52
Figure 79.

51

return to couplet #50

Temnothorax agavicola MCZENT00510559 F134 a.jpg
Temnothorax agavicola MCZENT00510559 F134 b-c.jpg
Temnothorax albispinus casent0756097 F135 a.jpg
Temnothorax albispinus casent0756097 F135 b-c.jpg

52

return to couplet #50

  • Metapleural gland bulla large, extending more than halfway between the metacoxal insertion and the propodeal spiracle (Fig. 80A); U.S. Virgin Islands . . . . . Temnothorax magnabulla (pulchellus group)
Figure 80.
Temnothorax magnabulla
Temnothorax magnabulla casent0756093 F144 a.jpg
  • Metapleural gland bulla smaller, extending about halfway between the metacoxal insertion and the propodeal spiracle (Figs. 80B–80D); Hispaniola . . . . . 53

53

return to couplet #52

  • Mesosoma smooth and shining dorsally (Figs. 81A & 81D); dorsum of mesosoma strongly convex in profile view (Figs. 81B & 81C) . . . . . 54
  • Mesosoma areolate-rugulose dorsally (Figs. 81E & 81H); dorsum of mesosoma weakly convex in profile view (Figs. 81F & 81G) . . . . . 56
Figure 81.

54

return to couplet #53

Temnothorax flavidulus MCZENT00021015 F140 a.jpg
Temnothorax flavidulus MCZENT00021015 F140 b-c.jpg

55

return to couplet #54

  • On anterior margin of clypeus, medial two pairs of setae about the same width (Fig. 82A); strikingly bicolored: head, mesosoma and waist segments dark brown; remainder bright yellow . . . . . Temnothorax harlequina (pulchellus group)
Figure 82.
Temnothorax harlequina
Temnothorax harlequina casent0756091 F141 a.jpg
  • On anterior margin of clypeus, pair of setae flanking the medial pair about twice the width of the medial pair (Fig. 82B); integument color variable, but if bicolored, gaster never uniformly bright yellow . . . . . Temnothorax ciferrii (pulchellus group)
Temnothorax ciferrii
MCZ-ENT00531355 Temnothorax ciferrii hal.jpg

56

return to couplet #53

Figure 83.
Temnothorax wilsoni
Temnothorax wilsoni MCZENT00583608 F149 b-c.jpg
  • Anterior clypeal margin flat to evenly convex (Fig. 83B) . . . . . 57

57

return to couplet #56

Figure 84.
Temnothorax balaclava
Temnothorax balaclava casent0758262 F138 b-c.jpg
Temnothorax bahoruco
Temnothorax bahoruco casent0758817 F137 b-c.jpg

58

return to couplet #43

  • Petiolar node high, relatively short (NI <150; Fig. 85C & 85D); Southern Mexico and Guatemala (goniops group, in part) . . . . . 62
Figure 85.

59

return to couplet #58

  • Propodeal spines long: PSI> 22 (Figs. 86A & 86B); body uniformly colored . . . . . 60
  • Propodeal spines short: PSI <19 (Fig. 86C); bicolored: either with mesosoma red and rest of body dark brown, or with gaster yellow and body dark brown . . . . . 61
Figure 86.

60

return to couplet #59

Temnothorax fuscatus USNMENT00921897 F108 a.jpg
Temnothorax fuscatus USNMENT00921897 F108 b-c.jpg
Temnothorax nebliselva INB0003659261 F111 a.jpg
Temnothorax nebliselva INB0003659261 F111 b-c.jpg

61

return to couplet #59

  • Eye small and round: in profile view, distance between the compound eye and base of mandible greater than the maximum length of the eye, OI ≤ 22 (Fig. 87A); body predominantly dark brown, contrasting with a red mesosoma . . . . . Temnothorax ocarinae (fuscatus group)
Figure 87.
Temnothorax ocarinae
Temnothorax ocarinae casent0912976 p 1 high.jpg

Eye larger and oval: in profile view, distance between the compound eye and base of mandible roughly equal to the maximum length of the eye, OI ≥ 24 (Fig. 87B); body predominantly dark brown, with a contrasting bright yellow gaster . . . . . Temnothorax skwarrae (fuscatus group)

Temnothorax skwarrae
Temnothorax skwarrae MCZENT00016358 F113 b-c.jpg

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return to couplet #58

Figure 88.
Temnothorax goniops
Temnothorax goniops MCZENT00032436 F116 a.jpg
Temnothorax huehuetenangoi
Temnothorax huehuetenangoi USNMENT00529517 F117 a.jpg